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“5G”大幕即将开启

Forget 4G LTE (Long Term Evolution), the stage is set for 5G wireless race in the telecom space. With the telecom industry continuously evolving globally, companies in the sector are fighting it out to stay ahead of the curve.忘掉4G LTE网络吧,接下来的通讯潮流将被5G所取代。随着5G网络研发的不断推进,全球的通讯企业都在激烈竞争,以求在新一股通讯技术热潮中获取领先地位。Recently, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced that China will issue “temporary” 5G licenses this year to boost the development of the next-generation mobile communications technology, which is expected to stimulate the economy and bring big changes to daily life.近日,工业和信息化部宣布我国将在今年颁发5G临时牌照,不断推进下一代移动通讯技术的发展,为经济增长带来新的动力,也将为日常生活带来新的变革。The temporary 5G licenses will be given out in several cities this year, and consumers will be able to use the first batch of 5G smartphones and tablet computers in the second half of 2019.5G临时牌照今年将在若干城市进行发放,消费者最快能在今年下半年拿到首批装载有5G技术的智能手机和平板电脑。Why 5G?为什么要发展5G?Major countries in the world are competing to be the leader in 5G — the next generation of wireless connectivity — which will enable faster speeds and low latency wireless broadband services. 5G networks will be ten times faster than 4G networks, which is critical not only for consumer experience, but also for new industries to develop more possibilities.当今世界各大国家都在竞相发展5G通讯技术——也就是下一代的无线通信标准,它将为无线信息传输带来更高的速度和极短的网络延迟。5G网络的速度预计将是4G网络的十倍以上,这不仅对消费者体验是一次质的飞跃,还将为新产业的发展提供更多可能性。The rising demand for technologically superior products has been a silver lining for the telecom industry in an otherwise tough environment. In this respect, the superfast 5G mobile networks will be of utmost necessity in managing the exponential growth of internet-connected devices, popularly known as Internet of Things (IoT). For self-driving cars, for example, a steady and superfast network is needed to ensure safe driving through communicating with other cars efficiently. 5G is a solution to make this happen.高科技产品的持续发展使通讯技术需要不断进行革新。因此,超高速5G移动网络将全面应用于基于互联网运行的设备,特别是当下正热的物联网(IoT)。例如,对于无人驾驶汽车来说,高速、稳定的网络能保障车辆间的互通互联,确保车辆安全运行,而5G网络便能满足这样的需求。While 3G wireless network enabled seamless internet connectivity to mobile phone. 4G standard helped companies which thrive on mobile connectivity. Notably, 5G wireless network is likely to boost high-tech artificial intelligence-based products significantly, which is set to be a trend in the future.如果说,3G网络技术确保移动电话能够进行无缝的网络连接,4G网络助力企业进行高速的信息传输,那么即将到来的5G技术,则将大力提升高科技人工智能产品的实际运用,这无疑将成为未来通讯的主流。VOCABULARYsilver lining: 一线希望utmost: adj. 极度的;最大的exponential: adj. 指数级的

如何做好会议纪录

“好记性不如烂笔头”,尽管键盘早就成为了文字输入的得力助手,但手写仍然受到不少人的青睐。有人觉得拿着笔更习惯,有种脚踏实地的感觉,也有人觉得书写是一种享受,挥毫落纸,下笔如有神。不管怎么说,纸笔仍然是我们学习、办公的必备文具:一本精美的手账、一支复古的钢笔,能使书写成为一种愉悦的活动。而键盘鼠标则极大提升了信息处理和传播的效率,利用现代化的手段,让信息的价值最大化。说到底,无论是书写还是敲键盘,它们的核心都在于“记录”。记录所见所闻、所思所问,将信息留存在媒介上,便于记忆和查阅。在职场生活中有各类的会议:与客户的洽谈、团队的例会、事例报告会等等。会议中常常会有专人负责会议的记录,他们将会议的流程、重点梳理为一份简明的报告,作为汇报和查阅的重要依据。一份完整的会议记录是由哪些部分构成的?从大致结构来看,其实和一篇作文差不多:开头、正文和结尾。但是,每一个部分由多个关键元素构成。开头部分需要记录会议的时间地点、会议主持人、出勤缺席情况等等;正文部分则相当考究,除了对本次的会议主题、内容、决议和涉及的其他事宜进行记录,还需要对前次和下次的会议内容进行概括和准备;结尾部分则需要记录休会的时间和主持人、记录者的签名。会议记录看似简单,好像只需要按照模板进行“填鸭式”的操作就能完成,其实也需要根据实际情况灵活改动。作为职场中的一项关键技能,会议记录不仅为商务助理、行政秘书等岗位所用,也能帮助与会者从容应对每一次会议,提升工作效率。今天的微课,就为大家带来Taking a Good Meeting Minutes,让我们一起学习如何做好会议记录。

2019年值得期待的科学突破

Science changes the world. As 2019 just unveils its calendar, what should we expect in science and what scientific breakthroughs will reshape our life? Nature, one of the most recognizable scientific journals in the world, recently forecast a list of cutting-edge research projects, that will promisingly change the world in the coming year.科学改变世界。2019年伊始,科学界有什么值得期待的新发现会改变我们生活的轨迹?顶级科学期刊《自然》最近列出了当下最前沿的研究项目,它们或许会在接下来的一年斩获突破,为我们的认知带来巨变。Polar Projects极地科考 In January, US and UK researchers will descend on Antarctica to begin their largest joint mission to the continent in more than 70 years. The aim of the five-year project is to understand whether the remote and seemingly unstable Thwaites Glacier will start to collapse in the next few decades. Later in 2019, European scientists plan to start drilling into the ice sheet on Antarctica’s glacier in a quest to recover a 1.5-million-year-old ice core. If they’re successful, the core will yield the oldest pristine record of climate and atmospheric conditions.在本月,英美两国的研究人员即将登上南极洲,开启70多年来两国合作规模最大的一次南极科考。该项目耗时五年,试图弄清状态并不稳定的“思怀兹冰川”是否会在接下来的几十年中发生崩塌。在19年末,欧洲科学家也将在南极冰川的冰盖上进行勘探,探索埋藏于地下的一块150多万年历史的冰核,如果成功了,或许就能揭晓史前地球气候环境的奥秘。Human Origins人类起源More fossils illuminating the origins of ancient hominin species could emerge from islands in southeast Asia — a region of intense interest since archaeologists discovered a human-like ‘hobbit’ species on an Indonesian island called Flores in 2003. Ongoing digs could reveal more about the first human inhabitants of the Philippine island of Luzon, including whether their isolation led to a diminutive stature, similar to what seems to have occurred on Flores.东南亚岛屿上即将出土更多的史前人类化石——这里因在2003年印尼弗洛勒斯岛发掘出类似“霍比特人”的人类化石而声名大噪,而在菲律宾吕宋岛上的新发现或许能揭开人类更多的起源奥秘,包括他们的与世隔绝是否导致了身材矮小,是不是与弗洛勒斯岛发生的情况相似。Collider Crunch强子对撞机It could be a make-or-break year for plans to build a successor to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Physicists in Japan proposed hosting the roughly US$7 billion International Linear Collider (ILC) in 2012, after scientists at the LHC in Geneva, Switzerland, announced the discovery of the Higgs boson. The ILC would study the Higgs in detail. But a 2018 report commissioned by the Japanese government failed to support the project, citing its cost. Japan is the only country that has shown interest in hosting the ILC, and the government is expected to issue a statement on whether it will do so by 7 March.2019年是决定强子对撞机(LHC)是否建造的关键一年。2012年,科学家于瑞士日内瓦宣布发现希格斯玻色子之后,日本物理学家提出要缔造约70亿美元的国际直线对撞机(ILC),用来深度研究该粒子。但在2018年,日本政府宣布因为耗资巨大将无力承担该项目。日本是世界上唯一对其展现出研究兴趣的国家,今年的3月7日前,日本政府将发布最终评估报告,决定是否将出资建造。Gene-Editing Fallouot基因编辑风波Geneticists will continue to deal with the repercussions of 2018’s claim by He Jiankui to have helped produce the world’s first gene-edited babies. Following an international outcry, scientists will attempt to uncover any potential side effects of the process, and create a framework to ensure that any future efforts to edit heritable human DNA that happen in a responsible and regulated way.基因科学家将继续针对2018年贺建奎主导的基因编辑婴儿事件进行进一步审查和研究。在该项目引发了全球科学界的质疑后,科学家将研究实验过程中是否产生了不利后果,并将建立新的研究机制,确保任何对人类基因进行编辑的实验将在负责和合规的框架内进行。Climate Tinkering气候变化的补救措施As carbon emissions continue to rise, 2019 could see the first experiments that are explicitly aimed at understanding how to artificially cool the planet using a practice called solar geoengineering. Scientists hope to spray 100-gram plumes of chalk-like particles into the stratosphere to observe how they disperse. Such particles could eventually cool the planet by reflecting some of the Sun’s rays back into space. Geoengineering sceptics worry that the practice could have unintended consequences and distract from efforts to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions.随着碳排放量日益增长,今年科学家将进行一项从无先例的实验:先向平流层喷洒100克类似白垩的微粒构成的烟流,并观察它们是如何扩散的,这样的微粒将部分的阳光反射回太空,最终让地球降温。地球工程师怀疑论者担心,这种做法可能产生无心之失,引发的后果将把大众的注意力从降低温室气体排放量的努力中转移走。Vocabularypristine: adj. 太古的,原始的diminutive: adj. 特小的stratosphere: n. 平流层
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Nasa new horizons shows image of snowman like object

Scientists say images from NASA's spacecraft New Horizons show a snowman-like object in the cold, icy part of our solar system.The "snowman," named Ultima Thule, orbits an area known as the Kuiper Belt. The area has hundreds of thousands of objects that could hold the keys to understanding the beginning of our solar system.Jeff Moore leads the New Horizons' geology team. He said the spacecraft "is like a time machine, taking us back to the birth of the solar system."Early images show that Ultima Thule is about 31 kilometers by 19 kilometers. Alan Stern, the lead investigator for the mission, said, "It's two completely different objects that are now joined together."Ultima Thule likely formed as a rotating cloud of small, icy objects started to combine. Over time, two larger objects remained and slowly joined together in what scientists called "contact binary." The mission team named the larger object "Ultima" and the smaller one "Thule."In the early hours of January 1, the New Horizons spacecraft flew by Ultima Thule. The fly-by took place at 05:33 UTC. But the signal to confirm the spacecraft's location did not reach Earth until 10 hours later.When New Horizons left Earth in 2006, scientists did not even know about Ultima Thule's existence.NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine congratulated NASA's New Horizons team, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory and the Southwest Research Institute for "making history."He said, "In addition to being the first to explore Pluto, today New Horizons flew by the most distant object ever visited by a spacecraft and became the first to directly explore an object that holds remnants from the birth of our solar system."The spacecraft will continue sending images and other data over the next 20 months. The New Horizons team is already pushing for another flyby in the 2020s while the spacecraft systems are still working.

练习 | FOX新闻:如何减小离婚对孩子的伤害

燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTFox on Family. Divorce is messy. Is there a way to make it less painful for the kids?"When you first sit them down before any of the fighting starts, what really do you want to accomplish here? I want to get divorced and I want what's best for my kids; they always say that."But family lawyer and author Joryn Jenkins says the stress of divorce can make it easy to lose sight of that.So at every meeting, she keeps goals and interests posted on a white board, pictures of the kids on a conference table and has parents take a break when they're getting upset.To break the news to children, Jenkins always recommends doing it as a couple: "You know the big thing about getting divorced is you're sending your children the message that you can stop loving someone." So kids need reassurance from a united front of support. "I think you often explain that it's that you can't live together anymore, but you reiterate - all the time - we will always love you; we will both always love you, you don't stop loving your children."But she often recommends family counseling, especially to make sure kids don't blame themselves.With FOX on Family, I'm Lisa Brady.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201811/571695.shtmlVOCABULARY1. messy n. (of a situation 状况) unpleasant, confused or difficult to deal with 混乱的;难以处理的;令人厌烦的。例如:The divorce was painful and messy. 那次离婚令人痛苦而又纠葛不清。2. accomplish v. (动词 + 名词短语) to succeed in doing or completing sth. 完成 (同义词) achieve 例如: The first part of the plan has been safely accomplished. 计划的第一部分已顺利完成。 I don't feel I've accomplished very much today. 我觉得我今天没干成多少事。 That's it. Mission accomplished (= we have done what we aimed to do). 就这样。大功告成。3. reassurance n. reassurance (that … )  ① (不可数名词) the fact of giving advice or help that takes away a person's fears or doubts (能消除疑虑等的)肯定,保证。例如:to give / provide / offer reassurance表明肯定的态度② (可数名词) something that is said or done to take away a person's fears or doubts 能消除疑虑的说话(或行动);保证。例如:We have been given reassurances that the water is safe to drink.我们得到保证说这水适合饮用。4. reiterate v. (formal) to repeat sth. that you have already said, especially to emphasize it 反复地说;重申(动词 + 名词短语) 例如:to reiterate an argument / a demand / an offer重申论点;重复一项要求 / 建议(动词 (+ that从句)) 例如:Let me reiterate that we are fully committed to this policy. 我再说一遍,我们完全拥护这项政策。5. family counseling n. 家庭咨询QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What is the news mainly about?(A) How to make the stress of divorce less painful for the kids.(B) How to make the stress of homework less painful for the kids.(C) How to make the stress of the fighting between parents less painful for the kids.(D) How to make the stress of the peer pressure less painful for the kids.(Q2) According to the news, which of the following statements is FALSE?(A) Jenkins has parents take a break when they're getting upset at every meeting.(B) Kids need reassurance from a united front of support.(C) Jenkins recommends family counseling, especially to make sure kids don't blame themselves.(D) Jenkins recommends family counseling, especially to make sure kids don't blame parents.KEY(Q1) A。细节题。命题出处:Divorce is messy. Is there a way to make it less painful for the kids?(Q2) D。细节题。命题出处:(A) 出处:So at every meeting, she keeps goals and interests posted on a white board, pictures of the kids on a conference table and has parents take a break when they're getting upset. (B)出处:To break the news to children, Jenkins always recommends doing it as a couple: "You know the big thing about getting divorced is you're sending your children the message that you can stop loving someone." So kids need reassurance from a united front of support. "I think you often explain that it's that you can't live together anymore, but you reiterate - all the time - we will always love you; we will both always love you, you don't stop loving your children." (C) 出处:But she often recommends family counseling, especially to make sure kids don't blame themselves.

练习 | FOX新闻:诈骗犯将目光锁定了大学生

燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTHackers and scammers have found new ways to target college students.Adam Levin, founder of Cyber-Scout, says one claims to be the IRS collecting tax on student loans. They are not taxed.And watch out if you're looking for a part-time job: "Beware of any job opportunity where they ask you to give them money for upfront supplies or training, or hire you without an interview."Levin says always follow this advice: "Never ever give out your social security information, banking or credit card data over the telephone to anyone unless you initiated the conversation and it is a legitimate contact for you."Levin says there are even scams involving student loan forgiveness and voter registration. He says parents should even consider freezing college students' credit while they're in school.I'm Ginny Kosola.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201811/571030.shtmlVOCABULARY1. hacker n. a person who secretly finds a way of looking at and / or changing information on sb. else's computer system without permission 黑客(秘密窥视或改变他人计算机系统信息)2. scam n. (informal) a clever and dishonest plan for making money 欺诈;诈财骗局3. IRS: Internal Revenue Service 国内税务署; 国税局4. upfront adj. (只用于名词前) paid in advance, before other payments are made 预付的;预交的。例如:There will be an upfront fee of 4%. 将收取4%的预付费。5. initiate n. (formal) to make sth. begin 开始;发起;创始。例如: to initiate legal proceedings against sb. 对某人提起诉讼 The government has initiated a programme of economic reform. 政府已开始实施经济改革方案。6. legitimate adj. allowed and acceptable according to the law 合法的;法律认可的;法定的。例如: the legitimate government of the country这个国家的合法政府 Is his business strictly legitimate? 他的生意是否绝对合法?7. forgiveness n. (不可数名词) the act of forgiving sb.; willingness to forgive sb. 原谅;宽恕;宽宏大量。例如: to pray for God's forgiveness祈求上帝宽恕 the forgiveness of sins对罪的宽恕 He begged forgiveness for what he had done. 他乞求饶恕他的所作所为。8. freeze v. (动词 + 名词短语) to prevent money, a bank account, etc. from being used by getting a court order which bans it 冻结(资金、银行账户等)。例如:The company's assets have been frozen. 这家公司的资产已被冻结。QUESTIONSRead the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.Advice from Adam Levin Looking for a part-time job Beware of any job opportunity where they ask you to give them money for (Q1) ___________________or (Q2) _____________, or (Q3) _________ you without an interview." Advice to follow Never ever give out your (Q4) ____________________________, (Q5) _________________ or (Q6) ______________ data over the telephone to anyone unless you initiated the conversation and it is a (Q7) ___________________ contact for you. Levin says there are even scams involving (Q8) ______________________________ and (Q9) ________________. He says parents should even consider (Q10) ___________________ college students' credit while they're in school. KEYRead the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.Advice from Adam Levin Looking for a part-time job Beware of any job opportunity where they ask you to give them money for (Q1) upfront supplies or (Q2) training, or (Q3) hire you without an interview." Advice to follow Never ever give out your (Q4) social security information, (Q5) banking or (Q6) credit card data over the telephone to anyone unless you initiated the conversation and it is a (Q7) legitimate contact for you. Levin says there are even scams involving (Q8) student loan forgiveness and (Q9) voter registration. He says parents should even consider (Q10) freezing college students' credit while they're in school.