今日推荐更多

“西兰花”咖啡亮相

1Green coffee could be the way of future after Australian scientists discovered that "broccoli lattes" are a healthy alternative to regular, flat white coffees.澳洲科学家研究表明,“西兰花”咖啡将在未来成为大势之趋,这款更为健康的咖啡饮品可以将普通的奶咖取而代之。2Researchers at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization have developed a powdered broccoli product which can be used in coffee, smoothies, soups and baking to get essential nutrients into Australian diets.来自澳洲科学与工业研究院(CSIRO)的科学家们研发出一种特制“西兰花粉”,通过将其添加到咖啡、冰沙、汤羹或烘焙制品中,就能为每份膳食提供足够的营养。3"Green, nutrient-rich coffees may be on the horizon after researchers have developed a powder made from imperfect-looking broccoli that would have previously been wasted," the organization said in a recent statement.该研究院近期在一份报告中指出,“人们常常将那些卖相较差的的西兰花扔掉,造成浪费,但是我们将它“废物利用”。新研发的西兰花粉绿色、健康,或许会在未来拥有广阔的前景。”4Unsurprisingly, Australian diets are no better than other western countries such as Britain and America. Research shows the average Australian is still not eating the recommended daily intake of vegetables a day, and options such as broccoli powder will help address this issue.澳洲的饮食结构与其他典型的西方国家如英国、美国相似,都重荤轻素。研究人员发现,当今澳大利亚人每日仍然没有摄入充足的蔬菜食入量,推出方便易用的西兰花粉或许可以改善饮食不均衡的现状。5The 100-percent broccoli powder is made from whole broccoli and produced using a combination of selected pretreatment and drying processes to retain the natural color, flavor and nutrient composition.这种100%纯西兰花粉将整颗西兰花经过预处理后进行干燥,保留了原有色泽,口味的同时,也锁住了营养物质。6Research also indicates that the broccoli is high in protein, fiber and health-promoting bioactive phytochemicals, making it an ideal candidate for powder development.研究还表明西兰花是一种富含蛋白质、纤维和高生物活性物质的健康食物,这也让它顺理成章成为制作健康蔬菜粉的首选材料。7The broccoli powder and associated snacks are being developed as part of a larger research and development project that aims to reduce vegetable waste by creating healthy food products from "ugly" produce.西兰花粉和随之同步推出的各类附属零食只是研究院开拓新兴蔬菜产品的第一步。据悉,今后会有更多的蔬菜类健康食品问世,通过对“相貌平平”的蔬菜们进行“大改造”,减少蔬菜浪费。Broccoli and Cauliflower西兰花和花椰菜1Broccoli and cauliflower are two different species in the same family ? cabbage family. Despite claims that the two are so similar they are nearly interchangeable, there are some notable differences between these vegetables. They look different, they don’t taste exactly the same, and they offer distinctive nutrients.西兰花和花椰菜都是甘蓝的变种。尽管两种蔬菜形态上相似,人们也常常混淆两者,但是它们有着显著的差异:外观不同,味道不同,营养组成也有差异。Broccoli?Cauliflower?2In appearance, most cauliflower has closely bunched tight masses that appear together on stems. Broccoli's flower masses are more loosely distributed so that it's possible to see space in between each stalk. Sometimes, broccoli is compared to tiny trees, while cauliflower looks more like masses of cumulus clouds. Cauliflower is also typically white in color with light green leaves surrounding the head, while the other vegetable can be dark green or sometimes have purple streaks through it.外观上,大多数的花椰菜都有着巨大的花芽,紧密地簇拥在一起。西兰花的花芽则稀松点,并不是全部“挤在一起”,因此能看见花梗间的缝隙。西兰花常被人比作一棵棵“小树”,而花椰菜看上去更像是一团团云朵。花椰菜通常都是白色,外围由绿叶围绕,西兰花则呈深绿色,有时还会有紫色泛出。VOCABULARY smoothie:n. 冰沙 pretreatment:n. 预处理 cumulus:n. 积云

世卫组织将“游戏成瘾”列为精神疾病

The World Health Organization (WHO) has included “gaming disorder” in a draft of its 11th International Classification of Diseases — describing it as “a pattern of persistent or recurrent gaming behavior” that may include impaired control over gaming activities, and is severe “to the extent that gaming takes precedence over other life interests and daily activities.”世界卫生组织(WHO)近日在第十一版《国际疾病分类》的修订草案中将“游戏成瘾”纳入其列。根据定义,游戏障碍,也就是我们通常所说的“游戏成瘾”,其症状一般包括对玩游戏失去控制力,日益沉溺于游戏,以至于其它兴趣和日常活动都得“靠边儿站”。These symptoms normally must appear over a period of 12 months for a diagnosis, though it may be diagnosed in a shorter amount of time depending on the severity. The new classification is not saying that all video game playing is a mental health disorder, but rather that excessive gaming over a period of time can lead to diagnosis and treatment.这些症状出现的时间达12个月后,“游戏成瘾”的诊断就得到确定,但若十分严重,确诊的时限可因实际情况而减少。新的分类标准并不是指玩电子游戏就是一种精神疾患,而是强调了如果长时间沉迷于游戏之中无法自拔,便可达到诊断和治疗的标准。Video game play has been a constant debate over the years, with some studies saying it leads to violent behavior in real life — the American Psychological Association said in a 2015 policy statement that there is a demonstrated link between violent video game use and aggressive behavior — while others say video games are beneficial as a stress reliever and cognitive booster for memory. But as with everything, moderation is key.电子游戏近年来一直都饱受争议,有些研究表明电子游戏会诱导玩家在真实世界中产生暴力倾向,而美国心理学会在2015年的一项声明中指出,暴力类游戏与攻击性行为之间存在正相关联系;与此同时,也有研究认为电子游戏有助于释放压力,促进记忆力增强。但是话说回来,适可而止才是问题的关键。Back to China 回到国内According to a recent survey by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, about 18 percent of Chinese youth play online video games at least four to five hours per day, showing signs of addiction. Though 41.3 percent of Chinese young people understand that it is unhealthy to spend too much time online, they cannot control themselves.近日中国社科院也发布了一项针对电子游戏的调查报告,报告指出,我国约有18%的青少年每天进行在线游戏长达4至5小时,具有成瘾倾向。尽管41.3%的青少年承认,长时间玩网络游戏对健康有害,但是他们就是无法控制自己。 The percentage of students who play online games at least four days a week grows with age -- 16.9 percent for elementary students, 21.3 percent for junior high school students and 31.8 percent for senior high school students.此外,针对那些每周至少玩4天游戏的青少年,年纪越长,游戏玩家的人数也越多——小学阶段占比有16.9%,初中生为21.3%,高中生则高达31.8%。The reason points to the accessibility of digital products and parental supervision that drive to the increase of numbers. Older children need to use the Internet more often than younger children, both for study and daily life, as well as to meet their social needs, and teachers and parents usually loosen their supervision as children grow up.归结这背后的原因,一是青少年获取电子设备的难度随着年龄增长而不断减少,二是家长的监督也不断放松。随着青少年年龄的上升,他们对网络的需求也越大,既有学习、生活方面的需要,也有社交的需求,而教师和家长也逐渐放松了对青少年的监督。Though controversial, previous surveys all indicate that gaming addiction is becoming more prevalent among teenagers and children. As WHO is enlisting it as a mental disorder, it’s time for parents, educators and students to put some serious considerations into this issue.尽管对于电子游戏的讨论一直争议不断,但是大量的调查研究都已表明,游戏上瘾已成为青少年中越来越普遍的一个趋势。在世卫组织将其列入精神疾病之时,家长、教育者和学生们看来是有必要仔细想想这个问题了。VOCABULARYrecurrent: adj.复发的;经常性的impair: v.损害;削弱moderation: n.适度;节制

台风季来临

The eighth typhoon of this year, Maria, hit Fujian province on July 11th. For Southerners at the coastal area, this is just the start of the typhoon season. However, whether you are a Southerner or a Northerner, how much do you know about typhoon, and could you tell the difference between a hurricane and a typhoon?今年第八号台风“玛利亚”已于7月11日在福建省登陆。对于居住在沿海地区的南方人来说,今年的台风季才刚刚开始。然而,无论你是一名北方人还是南方人,对于台风你究竟知道多少呢?飓风和台风,你又能分的清楚么?01Hurricanes and typhoons are the same weather phenomenon:tropical cyclones. A tropical cyclone is a generic term used by meteorologists to describe a rotating, organized system of clouds and thunderstorms that originates over tropical or subtropical waters and has closed low-level circulation.飓风和台风其实是同一种天气现象:热带气旋。气象学家对于“热带气旋”一词的定义是,发生在热带、亚热带地区海面上的气旋性环流,具有结构紧密,近地的特点。The weakest tropical cyclones are called tropical depressions. If a depression intensifies such that its maximum sustained winds reach 62 km per hour, the tropical cyclone becomes a tropical storm. Once a tropical cyclone reaches maximum sustained winds of 119 km per hour or higher, it is then classified as a hurricane, typhoon, or tropical cyclone, depending upon where the storm originates in the world. In the North Atlantic, central North Pacific, and eastern North Pacific, the term hurricane is used. The same type of disturbance in the Northwest Pacific is called a typhoon. Meanwhile, in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean, the generic term tropical cyclone is used, regardless of the strength of the wind associated with the weather system.热带气旋中强度最弱的被称为热带低压,如果它的强度加强,最高持续风速达到了62千米/时,便升级为热带风暴;若是达到119千米/时以上,根据不同的活动地区,可分为飓风、台风或热带气旋三种类别。在北大西洋,北太平洋中部和西部地区,被称为飓风;同样的风暴在太平洋西北部则被称为台风;而在南太平洋和印度洋地区,无论气旋的大小和强度是多少,都被称为“热带气旋”。02The ingredients for tropical cyclones include a pre-existing weather disturbance, warm tropical oceans, moisture, and relatively light winds. If the right conditions persist long enough, they can combine to produce the violent winds, incredible waves, torrential rains, and floods we associate with this phenomenon. At times, when a weather system does not meet all of these conditions, but is forecast to bring tropical storm or hurricane force winds to land in the next day or two, it is called a potential tropical cyclone in the Atlantic basin and the central and eastern North Pacific basins.热带气旋的构成要素包括现有的气象扰动,温暖的热带洋面,潮湿的空气和相对静稳的大气。如果这些适宜气旋生成的条件持续维持,那么气旋就会生成并不断加强,最终以狂风巨浪,倾盆大雨的面貌示人。有时,热带气旋即便没有成型,但预计也会给陆地带来了大风大雨,那么在大西洋和东北太平洋区域被称为是潜在的热带气旋。In the Northern Hemisphere, both hurricane season and typhoon season officially run from June 1 to November 30. Ninety-seven percent of tropical cyclone activity occurs during this time period. However, there is nothing magical about these dates. Hurricanes and typhoons can and do occur outside of this six month period.在北半球,飓风季和台风季大致都从6月1日开始,到11月30日结束。大约97%的热带气旋都会在这段时间内生成并活动。然而,除了这六个月之外,飓风和台风仍然会生成并登陆。03In terms of name sources, typhoons and hurricanes differ in some ways.The list of typhoon names consists of entries from 17 Southeast and East Asian nations and the United States who have territories directly affected by typhoons. The submitted names are arranged into five lists, and each list is cycled with each year. Unlike tropical cyclones in other parts of the world, typhoons are not named after people. Instead, they generally refer to animals, flowers, astrological signs, and a few personal names.就命名来说,飓风和台风的命名规则不尽相同。台风的命名由来自东南亚和东亚,以及部分领土也受到台风影响的美国等17个国家和地区共同确定。各地提交的台风命名被分为五张表,然后按顺序年复一年地循环重复使用。世界其它地区的热带气旋通常是以人名命名的,而台风的命名则充满了好的寓意,根据动物,花卉,气候现象和少量的人名进行命名。VOCABULARYcyclone: n. 气旋generic: adj. 一类的;一般的meteorologist: n. 气象学家torrential: n. 汹涌的;猛烈的
新闻听力更多

练习| VOA慢速英语:独自用餐不利于身体健康

VOA慢速英语:独自用餐不利于身体健康Benefits ofEating Together燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to stop what we're doing and spend time with the people in our lives.But sometimes they are not.It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very satisfying experience.However, could eating too many meals alone be bad for our health or affect our future success?Several studies show that it might for some people.A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to poor eating habits and poor food choices.Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone more than twice a week had a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagersFor children, eating with their families is not only about preventing bad outcomes - it is also about developing good ones.Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a strong correlation, or link.In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to skip school.Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely toabusedrugs and alcohol.That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's going on in their lives."They also claim that when teens say they feel closer to their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience long-term physical and mental health benefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reportedthat they were less aggressive.One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducationat the university.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better communications skills with others.Ways to eat together moreIf you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.Its website says to make room for at least one shared meal a week. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.If you live alone, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluckdinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat every once in a while, instead of eating at your desk every day.Or you could simply schedule timein your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I'm Anna Matteo.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201805/554818.shtmluVOCABULARY1. abusev. to deliberately use something for the wrong purpose or for your own advantage滥用,妄用。例如:lWilliams abused his position as Mayor to give jobs to his friends. 威廉斯滥用市长权力,给不少朋友安排了工作。lMorris abused the trust the firm had shown in him. 莫里斯辜负了公司对他的信任。lpeople who abuse the system 滥用这一制度的人abuse alcohol / drugs 例如:The proportion of drinkers who abuse alcohol is actually quite small. 饮酒者中酗酒的人所占的比例实际上很小。2. self-reported自我报告3. psychoeducation心理教育学4. potluck聚餐5.every once in a while偶尔,间或6. schedule time计划时间uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to [Q1] ________________________________and [Q2] ______________________________________.But sometimes they are not.It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very [Q3] _____________________ experience.However, could [Q4] ______________________ be bad for our health or affect our future success?Several studies show that it might for some people.A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to [Q5] _______________________ and [Q6] ____________________________.Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone [Q7] ________________________________ had a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagersFor children, eating with their families is not only about [Q8] _____________________________ - it is also about [Q9] ________________________________.Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a [Q10] _______________________________, or link.In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to [Q11] ________________________.Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely to [Q12] _________________. That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's going on in their lives."They also claim that when teens say they feel [Q13] _______________ to their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience [Q14] ________________________________________ benefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reported that they were less [Q15] __________________________.One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducation at the university.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better [Q16] __________________________________ with others.Ways to eat together moreIf you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.Its website says to make room for at least [Q17] ____________________________. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.If you [Q18] _______________________, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluck dinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat [Q19] ____________________, instead of eating at your desk every day.Or you could simply [Q20] ___________________________ in your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to [Q1] stop what we're doingand [Q2] spend time with the people in our lives.But sometimes they are not.It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very [Q3] satisfyingexperience.However, could [Q4] eating too many meals alonebe bad for our health or affect our future success?Several studies show that it might for some people.A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to [Q5] poor eating habitsand [Q6] poor food choices.Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone [Q7] more than twice a weekhad a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagersFor children, eating with their families is not only about [Q8] preventing bad outcomes- it is also about [Q9] developing good ones.Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a [Q10] strong correlation, or link.In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to [Q11] skip school.Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely to [Q12] abuse drugs and alcohol.That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's going on in their lives."They also claim that when teens say they feel [Q13] closerto their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience [Q14] long-term physical and mental healthbenefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reported that they were less [Q15] aggressive.One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducation at the university.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better [Q16] communications skillswith others.Ways to eat together moreIf you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.Its website says to make room for at least [Q17] one shared meal a week. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.If you [Q18] live alone, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluck dinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat [Q19] every once in a while, instead of eating at your desk every day.Or you could simply [Q20] schedule timein your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I'm Anna Matteo.

练习| VOA常速:肥胖成为全球性问题

VOA常速:肥胖成为全球性问题燕山大学 宋葳 编写uTRANSCRIPTLos Angeles resident Kathleen Mulcahy has been fighting with her weight for 55 years. My parents had a baby, a son and he died at birth and so that was sort of I was 7 and I think that was the time I started gaining weight. My mother died when I was 12 very suddenly and then my weight just escalated. She is not alone. A growing number of people are overweight or obese particularly in urban areas worldwide including developing countries.Fast foods, transnational corporations, soft drink companies going into these developing countries, are having a very huge influence on the overweight and obesity epidemic because they’re adding calories and processed foods, salt and sugar into the diet that these people have not normally been eating. People’s lifestyles are also changing in developing countries. As people urbanize and make more money and have more sedentary lives, they are also putting on weight and following the pattern of the United States.Psychotherapist Dena Solomon says there is also another reason why people are gaining weight globally. You know people are moving away from their family of origin. They don’t have a support system that’s going to help them also manage and have relationships as options for dealing with stress, so people are turning to food.While fad diet may help with quick weight loss, keeping off the weight is more of a challenge. At sustaining at weight loss, the studies overwhelmingly show that plant-based diets are good long-term, you are motivated. Instead of focusing on what you eat, Solomon helps people maintain weight loss by working with the mind to change a person’s eating behavior. She helps her clients like Mulkahy be more self-aware by having them write down everything they eat before they eat. That awareness, that sense of conscientiousness becomes more powerful than the immediate gratification of food but you have to learn it, it has to become a habit.It’s worked from Mulkahy who has sustained her current weight for almost three years. You get such a sense of accomplishment and a sense of power and efficacy that you can apply it to everywhere. Maintaining a healthy weight not only helps with a positive self-image but it will also fend off health problems such as heart disease, diabetes and even some forms of cancer.Elizabeth Lee, VOA News, Los Angeles.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201805/553001.shtmluVOCABULARY1. escalate v. If a bad situation escalates or if someone or something escalates it, it becomes great insize, seriousness, or intensity. 使…加剧; 加剧。例如:Both unions and management fear thedispute could escalate.2. obese adj. If someone is obese, they are extremely fat. 肥胖的 ( n. obesity)3. sedentary adj.Someone who has a sedentary lifestyle or job sits down a lot of the time and doesnot do much exercise. 需要久坐的。例如:Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle has been linked withan increased risk of heart disease.4. psychotherapist n. A psychotherapist is a person who treats people who are mentally ill usingpsychotherapy. 心理治疗师5. fad diet 节食减肥法6. conscientiousness n. Someone who is conscientious is very careful to do their work properly. 尽责;凭良心办事7.gratificationn. If you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure or satisfaction.满意;喜悦;使人满意之事8. efficacyn. If you talk about the efficacy of something, you are talking about its effectiveness and its ability to do what it is supposed to. 功效。例如:Recent medical studies confirm the efficacy of a healthier lifestyle.9. diabetes n. Diabetes is a medical condition in which someone has too much sugar in their blood. 糖尿病uQUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.[Q1] When did Kathleen Mulcahy start gaining weight?[A] When she was 7.[B] When she was 12.[C] When she was 55.[D] When her mother died.[Q2]Which is not mentioned as the influence on the overweight and obesity epidemic?[A] Fast foods.[B] Transnational corporations.[C] Soft drink companies.[D] Stress.[Q3]What did Solomon do to help people maintain weight loss?[A] To have the fad diet.[B] To have the plant-based diets.[C] To be more self-aware by writing down everything before they eat.[D] To have the immediate gratification of food.uKEY [Q1] A。细节题。命题出处: My parents had a baby, a son and he died at birth and so that was sortof I was 7 and I think that was the time I started gaining weight.[Q2] D。细节题。 命题出处:Fast foods, transnational corporations, soft drink companiesgoinginto these developing countries,…[Q3] C。细节题。命题出处:She helps her clients like Mulkahy be more self-aware by having themwrite down everything they eat before they eat.

练习| FOX新闻:说话方式或与痴呆症有关

FOX新闻:说话方式或与痴呆症有关燕山大学 宋葳 编写uTRANSCRIPTEverybody stammers once in a while, but people with early stage mild cognitive impairment seem to have verbal skills that get much worse faster than those who don't have thinking problems.Researchers like Kimberly Mueller at the University of Madison-Wisconsin are hoping analyzing speech may become a simple way to screen people for mental decline: "We all use different techniques to speak like fillers, we all use that occasionally, but in this case what we're seeing is something more severe than what is typical." Doctors think treatment might need to start early in a potential patient to do any good, so there's a push to find early signs.Jill Nado, FOX News.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201805/554063.shtmluVOCABULARY1.impairment n. If someone has an impairment, they have a condition that prevents their eyes, ears, limbs or brain from working properly. (身体机能的) 损伤。例如:He has a visual impairment in the right eye.2. Mild cognitive impairment(MCI) n. also known as incipient dementia and isolated memory impairment, is a neurological disorder that occurs in older adults which involves cognitive impairments with minimal impairment in instrumental activities of daily living. 轻度认知功能障碍。3. potential adj. You use potential to say that someone or something is capable of developing into the particular kind of person or thing mentioned. 潜在的uQUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.[Q1] What’s the problem of people with early stage mild cognitive impairment?[A] They have much worse verbal skills than those who don’t have thinking problems.[B]They have much better verbal skills than those who don’t have thinking problems.[C]Their verbal skills develop much worse faster than those who don’t have thinking problems.[D]They don’t have thinking problems.[Q2] Which of the following may be a simple way to screen people for mental decline?[A] Analyzing brain.[B] Analyzing speech.[C] Speaking like fillers.[D] Speaking like philosophers.[Q3] What’s the doctor’s opinion?[A] To do more exercises like filling the blanks.[B] To find the patients as early as possible.[C] To start the treatment early in a potential patient.[D] To help the patients to learn about their problem.uKEY [Q1]C。 细节题。命题出处: …, but people with early stage mild cognitive impairment seem to have verbal skills that get much worse fasterthan those who don't have thinking problems.[Q2] B。 细节题。命题出处:Researchers …are hoping analyzing speechmay become a simple way to screen people for mental decline: … [Q3] C。细节题。命题出处:Doctors think treatment might need to start earlyin a potential patient to do any good…