Everything you need to know about coronavirus (Ⅰ)

Everything you need to know aboutcoronavirus, the deadly illness alarming the world (Ⅰ)威慑全球的致命冠状病毒,你所需要了解的一切(一)The spread of China’s coronavirus(1), which closed a city of 11 million, leaped across continents and raisedpandemic(2)fears, may have started with something simple — a person buying food for dinner at an outdoor market.Thepotency(3)and movement of the virus hasrallied(4)the cooperation of various agencies, includingthe U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(5)and World Health Organization, which declared the novel coronavirus outbreak a "public health emergency of international concern" on Thursday.What is the novel coronavirus?Theinfection(6)numbers arestartling(7): Since Jan. 20, cases worldwide havesurged(8)from 282 to 9,925. The deathtoll(9)stands at 213, according to Chinese officials.The current coronavirus doesn’t have an official name yet. The current designation is“2019-nCoV”(10), with“2019”for year of discovery,“n”fornovel(11)(meaning new) and“CoV”for coronavirus.How does coronavirus compare toSARS(12),MERS(13)and the common flu?Outbreaks like this have happened before, mostnotably(14)with SARS in 2003 and MERS in 2015.SARS, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, is commonly used as a reference in coronavirus coverage, since both originated in China and share characteristics. In all, 8,098 SARS cases were recorded, with a death toll of 774. That’s afatality(15)rate of 9.6%.MERS, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, originated inSaudi Arabia(16)and resulted in 2,499 cases and 861 deaths, giving it a higher fatality rate of 34.5%.With current numbers, the fatality rate for 2019-nCoV is 2.4%. The WHO said most coronavirus cases reported to date “have been milder, with about 20% of those infected experiencing severe illness.”Is the virus just a problem for China? Are peoplequarantined(17)?The WHO classified 2019-nCoV as an emergency for China but hasn't yet designated it a world-wide emergency.As infection numbers rise, China has ordered residents in nearly a dozen cities to stay where they are. An estimated 56 million people in the country are affected bylockdowns(18).Wuhan has been hardest hit. Airports and railway stations are closed and public transportationhalted(19). Private vehicles are banned. Residents wear face masks to protect against infection.While a new, 1,000-bed hospital is under construction, there are shortages of medicine, protective masks and other supplies.文章来源:https://www.usatoday.com/in-depth/news/2020/01/29/coronavirus-what-are-symptoms-of-wuhan-china-novel-virus/4563892002/Notes:1.coronavirus:冠状病毒2.pandemic:(疾病)在全国(或全世界)流行的3.potency:效能,力量,潜力4.rally:召集,联合5.the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:美国疾病控制与预防中心6.infection:感染,传染7.startling:令人吃惊的8.surge:汹涌,起大浪,蜂拥而来9.toll:伤亡人数10.2019-nCoV:2019新型冠状病毒11.novel:新的(此处使用novel而不使用new是因为,new指的是新旧的差别,novel做形容词指的是从来没有出现过的,从来都不被人所知的。)12.SARS:非典型性肺炎13.MERS:中东呼吸综合征14.notably:显著的,尤其15.fatality:死亡16.Saudi Arabia:沙特阿拉伯17.quarantine:检疫隔离18.lockdown:防范禁闭(期),高度警戒19.halt:停止长难句翻译1. The spread of China’s coronavirus, which closed a city of 11 million, leaped across continents and raised pandemic fears, may have started with something simple — a person buying food for dinner at an outdoor market.正在中国肆虐的冠状病毒使得一个人口1100万的城市实施封闭,它的传播跨越大陆,引起了人们对于流行病的恐慌。而起因可能仅仅是因为有人在露天集市上购买了一些食材。2.The potency and movement of the virus has rallied the cooperation of various agencies, including the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization, which declared the novel coronavirus outbreak a "public health emergency of international concern" on Thursday.这种病毒的威力和传播性已经促使包括美国疾病预防控制中心和世界卫生组织在内的多个机构展开合作。世界卫生组织更于星期四宣布武汉的冠状病毒爆发为“国际关注的公共卫生紧急事件”。3. While a new, 1,000-bed hospital is under construction, there are shortages of medicine, protective masks and other supplies.尽管有1000个床位的新医院正在建设之中,但药品、防护口罩和其他物资仍然短缺。(此处while引导一个让步状语从句,表示“尽管”。)

What we should know about the coronavirus

What we should know about the coronavirus01Coronaviruses1, so called because theyvaguely2resemble3monarchical crowns when examined under anelectronmicroscope4, are a widespread group that infect many species of mammal and bird.The two human examplesknown of before 2003 both cause colds, but are not regarded aslife-threatening.Adiligent5search after the emergenceofSARSdiscoveredtwo othersthat had beencirculating6, previously unnoticed, in the human population. Then, in 2012, a sixth human coronavirus was discovered and shown to be responsible for newly described symptoms now calledMiddle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)7that kill about a third of those infected.The agent responsible for the outbreakin Wuhan, which has yet to be named formally, appears to be the seventh.1.coronavirus: n.冠状病毒2.vaguely:adv.含糊地;有点3.resemble:v.与……相像4.electron microscope:电子显微镜5.diligent:adj.辛勤的,孜孜不倦的6.circulate:v.传播7.Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS):中东呼吸综合征02On 7th January 2020, the Chinese authorities identified a new type of coronavirus (novel coronavirus1, 2019-nCoV) froma cluster of pneumonia cases2in Wuhan city, Hubei province, China. 2019-nCoV is a new strain of coronavirus and has not been previously identified in humans. According to the information provided,theinitial cases3in Wuhan were linked to Huananseafood market4in Wuhan (temporarily closedsincethen), but in the last few days,close contact of cases5becamepositive6and some cases had no travel history to Wuhan.1.novel coronavirus:新型冠状病毒2.a cluster of pneumonia cases:一组肺炎病例3.the initial cases:最初的病例4.seafood market:海鲜市场5.close contact of cases:与患者密切接触6.positive:adj.阳性03China’s National Health Commission (NHC)1said on Sunday that the new Coronavirus iscontagious2even in itsincubation period3which lasts up to 14 days, and that the virus’ ability to spread is getting stronger.1.China’s National Health Commission (NHC):中国国家卫生健康委员会2.contagious:adj.传染的3.incubation period:疾病潜伏期04The possible source of the outbreak orhost1is still under investigation by Chinese authorities and it may have emerged from an animal species as othercoronaviruses2. The number of cases in the current epidemic is likely to have been underestimated since the symptom are similar toseasonal influenzas3or any otheracute respiratory infection (ARI)4; an inability to identify the infection initially is possible, therefore the exact extent of the outbreak still remains imprecise.The evidence of human-to-human transmission is of concern5.WHO does not yet have enough data to assess clinical severities of cases6.1.host:n.宿主;受体2.coronavirus:n.冠状病毒3.seasonal influenza:季节性流感4.acute respiratory infection (ARI):急性呼吸道感染5.The evidence of human-to-human transmission including in health care facilities is of concern. 人传人的证据令人关切。6.WHO does not yet have enough data to assess clinical severities of cases. 世卫组织尚无足够的数据评估病例的临床严重性。

China's response to 2019 novel coronavirus

China's response to 2019 novel coronavirus01In China, public health capacities torespond and manage the outbreak1are available and have been activated by Wuhan Municipal Health Commission, working with the Health Commission of Hubei province and a national expert team. Measures to control and manage the outbreak reported by the Chinese authorities are said to include:treatment and isolation of patients2, tracing of close contacts, clean-up of the Huanan Seafood Wholesale market and other markets, conducting active andretroactive3case finding4in all provinces according to national protocols and risk communication. Many countries are issuing travel advisory and at least 11 countries haveimplemented entry screening measures5. Technical guidance documents have been updated by WHO and partners to timely help the Member States in prevention and response measures, and studies are being considered for vaccine and therapeutics. Capacity to prepare for and respond to this event varies substantially in the Region and globally. Significant support both technical and financial may be required by some Member States.Notes1)respond and manage the outbreak:应对和处置疫情的发生2)treatment and isolation of patients:患者的治疗和隔离3)retroactive:adj.可追溯的4)case finding:病例追查5)implement entry screening measures:实施入境检查措施02Rapid information disclosure1is a top priority for disease control and prevention. A daily press release system has been established in China to ensure effective and efficient disclosure of epidemic information. Education campaigns should be launched to promote precautions for travellers, including frequent hand-washing, cough etiquette, and use of personal protection equipment (eg, masks) when visiting public places. Also, the general public should be motivated to report fever and other risk factors for coronavirus infection, including travel history to affected area and close contacts withconfirmed or suspected cases2.Notes1)rapid information disclosure:信息及时公开(披露)2)confirmed or suspected cases:确诊或疑似病例03All these facts together have led Chinese authorities to enforce drasticcontainment measures1such as the closure of public-transportation systems in Wuhan as well as in other cities in the country including Wuhan International airport . The WHO Emergency Committee met on January 23rd and although the situation at that time is not considered to be aPublic Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)2, WHO monitors the situation closely and can, under the global legal framework, the revised International Health Regulations (IHR), recommend travel and trade restrictions when these are deemed necessary. An estimate ofR03of 1.4-2.5 was presented. Considering this, it is not only important to follow the progression of the epidemic closely but also coordinate the countries' mechanisms tomitigate4the impact in health care services and the community. There are no known useful treatments for the disease caused by this new coronavirus.Notes1)containment measures:遏制措施2)Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC):国际关注的突发公共卫生事件3)R0:基本传染数4)mitigate:v.减轻;缓解04The new coronavirus' symptomsSymptoms of the new coronavirus are similar to pneumonia, and can range from mild symptoms, like a slight cough, to more severe symptoms, including fever and difficulty in breathing, according to theCenters for Disease Control and Prevention1.Some patients who have been diagnosed with the coronavirus hadlesions2on their lungs, which were uncovered through X-rays.While a report in the Lancet, published Jan. 24, suggested that people who contract coronavirus might be able to spread the disease before they develop symptoms, the CDC says there's currently "no clear evidence" of patients being infectious before symptomonset3. For now, the virus’incubation period is believed to be between 2 to 14 days.Notes1)the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:疾病预防控制中心2)lesion:病变3)onset:开始

练习 | VOA词汇掌故:让我们开怀大笑吧

VOA词汇掌故:让我们开怀大笑吧燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTNow, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories. This program explores common expressions in American English. Today we explore a word that does not sound very pleasant —gut.In the medical world, guts are the internal organs of an animal. It's a person's stomach or the part of the body that contains the stomach. So, that's medically speaking.But in our everyday conversations, "guts" mean many different things.In the United States, if you bust a gut you are laughing really, really hard - so hard that your stomach starts to hurt. If you haven't busted a gut in years, maybe you should. It feels good to have a really good laugh.Now, just as our guts are inside of us, the inside parts of a machine are sometimes called guts, too. So, if you gut your computer, you take out all the pieces inside that make it work.That's right, "gut" is also a verb. You can gut something, like a fish. This means you remove its internal organs before cooking it. You can also gut a building by removing everything from the inside. My friend whorenovatedher house, for example, gutted the entire structure first.The most important parts of a business deal or a piece oflegislationcan also be called the guts. And if you gut these things, you remove all the important parts. For example, you could say that after the council member gutted the legislation, it wasn't going to be nearly as effective.Now, let's talk about you.Within you are all your important thoughts, fears, dreams, feelings and secrets. If you spill your guts, you share these things with other people.It's an informal saying but you can use it when talking about any situation. If your best friend has a date and shares all the details with you, she has spilled her guts. Perhaps at work, a co-worker spills his guts when he tells you that his bossy personality actually comes from a deep childhood fear of failing.When spilling your guts, be careful. Remember, once you say something, you cannot take it back!Now, if you strongly dislike someone - I mean really, really hate them - you can say you hate their guts. You hate everything inside them. This is a very harsh statement and sounds a little childish.You know, if you think about it, all those internal organs are important. They may not be pretty, but they keep us alive.So, guts can also mean some really great things. For example, the word "guts" is an informal way of saying "bravery" or "courage." It takes guts to make a very difficult decision.Let's say you want to move to a country where you don't know anyone and don't know the language. You want to make a big change and take a chance!Your friends, who have lived in the same town all their lives, say, "Wow, that takes a lot of guts." For right now, they don't have the guts to make such a big change.This is where we get our expression "no guts, no glory." This means that if you do not have courage to take a risk, you will not be able to achieve a goal or success.It might be scary. But you know in your gut that it's something you must do. Used this way, "gut" means a strong feeling about something.We can also use "gut" as an adjective. For example, your gut feelings are not based in logic or reason. Let's say I'm your best friend. When I hear about your plans to move away, my gut reaction is to ask, even beg, you to stay. But my gut also tells me that this is something you must do. So, I tell you to listen to your gut. Go chase your dream! After a year's time, I finally get the guts to do the same thing. We meet in Paris and then move to Russia to live for a year!As we say, no guts, no glory! And that's the end of this Wordsand Their Stories.Is this body part, the gut, used the same way in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section. I'm Anna Matteo.uVOCABULARY1.gutn.①(可数名词)the tube in the body through which food passes when it leaves the stomach消化道;肠道②guts(复数)the organs in and around the stomach, especially in an animal(尤指动物的)内脏。例如:I'll only cook fish if the guts have been removed.鱼如果已收拾干净,那我只要烧一下就可以了。③(可数名词)(informal) a person's stomach, especially when it is large(尤指大的)胃,肚子(同义词)belly例如:a beer gut (= caused by drinking beer)啤酒肚④guts(复数)(informal) the courage and determination that it takes to do sth. difficult or unpleasant勇气;胆量;决心;毅力。例如:He doesn't have the guts to walk away from a well-paid job.他没胆量辞去一份报酬优厚的工作。⑤(可数名词,常用复数)内心;直觉;本能。例如:I had a feeling in my guts that something was wrong.我本能地感到出了事。⑥guts(复数)the most important part of sth.核心;实质;要点。例如:the guts of the problem问题的实质常用习语①have sb.'s guts for garters: (British English, informal) to be very angry with sb. and punish them severely for sth they have done恨死,严惩(某人)②slog / sweat / work your guts out:(informal) to work very hard to achieve sth.拼命工作;拼命干活。例如:I slogged my guts out for the exam.我为这次考试命都豁出去了。2.gutverb.(动词+名词短语)①(常用被动态)to destroy the inside or contents of a building or room损毁(建筑物或房屋的)内部。例如:a factory gutted by fire内部被火焚毁的工厂②to remove the organs from inside a fish or an animal to prepare it for cooking取出…的内脏(以便烹饪)3.gutadj.(只用于名词前)based on feelings and emotions rather than thought and reason以感情为基础的;非理性的;本能的。例如:a gut feeling / reaction本能的感觉/反应4.renovatev.(动词+名词短语)to repair and paint an old building, a piece of furniture, etc. so that it is in good condition again修复;翻新;重新粉刷5.legislationn. a law or a set of laws passed by a parliament法规;法律。例如:an important piece of legislation一条重要的法规uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories. This program explores common expressions in American English. Today we explore a word that does not sound very pleasant - gut.In the medical world, guts are the internal organs of an animal. It's a person's stomach or the part of the body that contains the stomach. So, that's[Q1] _______________.But in our everyday conversations, "guts" mean many different things.In the United States, if you [Q2] _____________________________ you are laughing really, really hard - so hard that your stomach starts to hurt. If you haven't busted a gut in years, maybe you should. It feels good to have a really good laugh.Now, just as our guts are inside of us,the inside parts of a machineare sometimes called guts, too. So, if you gut your computer, you take out all the pieces inside that make it work.That's right, "gut" is also a verb. You can gut something, like a fish. This means you remove its internal organs before cooking it. You can also gut a building by removing everything from the inside. My friend who renovated her house, for example,[Q3] __________________________________________first.The most important parts of a business deal or a piece of legislation can also be called the guts. And if you gut these things, you remove all the important parts. For example, you could say that after the council member gutted the legislation, it wasn't going to be nearly as effective.Now, let's talk about you.Within you are all your important thoughts, fears, dreams, feelings and secrets. If you [Q4] _________________________, you share these things with other people.It's an informal saying but you can use it when talking about any situation. If your best friend has a date and shares all the details with you, she has spilled her guts. Perhaps at work, a co-worker spills his guts when he tells you that his bossy personality actually comes from a deep childhood fear of failing. When spilling your guts, be careful. Remember, once you say something, you cannot [Q5] ____________________________!Now, if you strongly dislike someone - I mean really, really hate them - you can say you [Q6] _______________________________. You hate everything inside them. This is a very harsh statement and sounds a little childish.You know, if you think about it, all those internal organs are important. They may not be pretty, but they keep us alive. So, guts can also mean some really great things. For example, the word "guts" is an informal way of saying "bravery" or "[Q7] _____________________." It takes guts to make a very difficult decision.Let's say you want to move to a country where you don't know anyone and don't know the language. You want to make a big change and take a chance!Your friends, who have lived in the same town all their lives, say, "Wow, that takes a lot of guts." For right now, they don't [Q8] ______________________________ to make such a big change.This is where we get our expression "no guts, no glory." This means that if you do not have courage to take a risk, you will not be able to achieve a goal or success.It might be scary. But you know in your gut that it's something you must do. Used this way, "gut" means a strong feeling about something.We can also use "gut" as an adjective. For example, your [Q9] _____________________ are not based in logic or reason. Let's say I'm your best friend. When I hear about your plans to move away, my gut reaction is to ask, even beg, you to stay. But my gut also tells me that this is something you must do. So, I tell you to [Q10] ______________________________. Go chase your dream! After a year's time, I finally get the guts to do the same thing. We meet in Paris and then move to Russia to live for a year!As we say, no guts, no glory! And that's the end of this Wordsand Their Stories.Is this body part, the gut, used the same way in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section. I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories. This program explores common expressions in American English. Today we explore a word that does not sound very pleasant - gut.In the medical world, guts are the internal organs of an animal. It's a person's stomach or the part of the body that contains the stomach. So, that's[Q1]medicallyspeaking.But in our everyday conversations, "guts" mean many different things.In the United States, if you [Q2]bust a gutyou are laughing really, really hard - so hard that your stomach starts to hurt. If you haven't busted a gut in years, maybe you should. It feels good to have a really good laugh.Now, just as our guts are inside of us,the inside parts of a machineare sometimes called guts, too. So, if you gut your computer, you take out all the pieces inside that make it work.That's right, "gut" is also a verb. You can gut something, like a fish. This means you remove its internal organs before cooking it. You can also gut a building by removing everything from the inside. My friend who renovated her house, for example,[Q3]guttedthe entire structurefirst.The most important parts of a business deal or a piece of legislation can also be called the guts. And if you gut these things, you remove all the important parts. For example, you could say that after the council member gutted the legislation, it wasn't going to be nearly as effective.Now, let's talk about you.Within you are all your important thoughts, fears, dreams, feelings and secrets. If you [Q4]spill your guts, you share these things with other people.It's an informal saying but you can use it when talking about any situation. If your best friend has a date and shares all the details with you, she has spilled her guts. Perhaps at work, a co-worker spills his guts when he tells you that his bossy personality actually comes from a deep childhood fear of failing. When spilling your guts, be careful. Remember, once you say something, you cannot [Q5]take it back!Now, if you strongly dislike someone - I mean really, really hate them - you can say you [Q6]hate their guts. You hate everything inside them. This is a very harsh statement and sounds a little childish.You know, if you think about it, all those internal organs are important. They may not be pretty, but they keep us alive. So, guts can also mean some really great things. For example, the word "guts" is an informal way of saying "bravery" or "[Q7]courage." It takes guts to make a very difficult decision.Let's say you want to move to a country where you don't know anyone and don't know the language. You want to make a big change and take a chance!Your friends, who have lived in the same town all their lives, say, "Wow, that takes a lot of guts." For right now, they don't [Q8]have the gutsto make such a big change.This is where we get our expression "no guts, no glory." This means that if you do not have courage to take a risk, you will not be able to achieve a goal or success.It might be scary. But you know in your gut that it's something you must do. Used this way, "gut" means a strong feeling about something.We can also use "gut" as an adjective. For example, your [Q9]gut feelingsare not based in logic or reason. Let's say I'm your best friend. When I hear about your plans to move away, my gut reaction is to ask, even beg, you to stay. But my gut also tells me that this is something you must do. So, I tell you to [Q10]listen to your gut. Go chase your dream! After a year's time, I finally get the guts to do the same thing. We meet in Paris and then move to Russia to live for a year!As we say, no guts, no glory! And that's the end of this Wordsand Their Stories.Is this body part, the gut, used the same way in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section. I'm Anna Matteo.

练习 | VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义

VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTNow, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into text messaging and social media language.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - orhilarious- you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, it sounds weird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are in agreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only shake my head at hisarrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head andcringeinside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.Shrugging your shoulders is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce!Rolling your eyes is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team out scores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a thumbsup, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598353.shtmluVOCABULARY1.hilariousadj. extremely funny极其滑稽的。例如:la hilarious joke/story令人捧腹的笑话/故事lLynn found the whole situation hilarious.林恩觉得这一切都非常滑稽。lDo you know Pete? He's hilarious.你认识皮特吗?他风趣得很。2.arrogancen.(不可数名词)the behaviour of a person when they feel that they are more important than other people, so that they are rude to them or do not consider them傲慢;自大3.cringev. to feel very embarrassed and uncomfortable about sth.感到尴尬不安;觉得难为情。例如:I cringe when I think of the poems I wrote then.每当我想起我那时写的诗歌就感到很难堪。uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1] ________________________________.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2] ________________________________.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3] ____________________. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]at his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5] __________________________. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6] ___________________________________ is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7] ______________________________ is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8] ____________________________. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9] _________________________________. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10] ___________________________, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1]body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2]text messaging and social medialanguage.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3]laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]shakemy headat his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5]throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6]Shrugging your shouldersis when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7]Rolling your eyesis another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8]raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9]bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10]thumbs up, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.

练习 | BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选

BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTBBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnsongears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure asnapelection. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of leaving without a deal had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had confirmation from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we'regonnago out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic landmark developments in thethree-and-a-half-year political crisis, that is the Brexit process,because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to resist an election that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be aneminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna extend the Brexit process until the end of January.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598299.shtmluVOCABULARY1.gear up:gear up (for/to sth.) | gear sb./sth.↔up (for/to sth.)to prepare yourself /sb. /sth. to do sth.(使)为……作好准备。例如:Cycle organizations are gearing up for National Bike Week.自行车组织正在为全国自行车周活动作准备。2.snapadj.(只用于名词前)made or done quickly and without careful thought or preparation匆忙的;仓促的。例如:lIt was a snap decision.那是个仓促的决定。lThey held a snap election.他们临时举行了选举。3.gonna:(informal, non-standard) a way of saying or writing“going to”in informal speech, when it refers to the future即将,将要(非正式用语,即going to)。例如:What's she gonna do now? 她现在要干什么?4.eminentadj.(常用于名词前) l(of people人)famous and respected, especially in a particular profession(尤指在某专业中)卓越的,著名的,显赫的。例如:an eminent architect著名的建筑师l(of good qualities良好品质) unusual; excellent非凡的;杰出的。例如:a man of eminent good sense极其明智的人uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1] ________________________________,meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2] ____________for his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3] ___________________________.The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4] _______________________________________had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5] __________________________from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6] ___________________________________in thethree-and-a-half year[Q7] ___________________________,that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8] ______________________that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9] __________________no-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10] _________________the Brexit process until the end of January.”uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1]an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2]gears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3]a snap election. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4]leaving without a dealhad been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5]confirmationfrom all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6]landmark developmentsin thethree-and-a-half year[Q7]political crisis, that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8]resist an electionthat some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9]eminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10]extendthe Brexit process until the end of January.”

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组二等奖王妍授课

授课点评:王妍老师的这堂口译课准备充分,步骤清晰,并始终保持与学生积极互动,达到了授课目的。准确迅速把握住说话人的主旨要点,是做好口译工作的一个关键,因此,在口译课堂上将其作为一个训练重点是必须的。王妍老师以两个生动实例作为引子,导出她要学生领会的两个要领,即准确抓住说话人的意图与把握好表述的逻辑。然后又从技术层面将整个口译过程分为几个流程等级,结合课堂实践的具体内容逐一进行讲解,以使学生从理念到语言运用的细节等获得对这一训练项目的较完整认识,效果是好的。整个教学过程体现出她对学生循循善诱的用心,教态从容,且颇具亲和力,这些都值得充分肯定。我认为要真正让学生掌握这项口译的技艺,不仅需要如王妍老师那样设计一个上乘的授课方案,并以最有效方式作课堂演示,还应在授课的最后环节着重强调一下“功夫在课外”的重要性。也就是说,应鼓励学生在课外尽量找些合适的材料强化这方面的自我训练。翻译,特别是口译,从某种意义上讲是一件熟能生巧的事,大量的自我实训有助于提升口译水平,其中就包括对说话人主旨要点的精准把握。需要提醒王妍老师的是,其课堂英语表达还有若干不尽如人意之处,如expect,concept,complex读音不准,although 与but错误并用,at last用错了地方(应该是 finally)等。点评专家:何刚强教授

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组二等奖顿超授课

授课点评:顿超的授课有三个优点、三个不足。优点:第一,教学总体设计比较清晰,把整堂课的教学分为五个环节(2:00,其中第一步“Review”恐怕应该是“Preview”之误),实际讲授第二环节,提出两个明确的目标(6:02)。应该说,整堂课上得有条不紊。第二,她为教学中的评估环节设计了一个自我评估表(3:27),颇有创意。第三,采用了一些新理论、新方法,如用思维导图(Mind Map)等。讲课结束时引用朗费罗的诗句(18:53),也为课堂增添了气氛。不足:第一,授课时完全离开了原来提供的文本,全部换用了三段新材料。据她回答评委提问时的解释,是担心学生事先了解了内容以后,在课堂上无法评估学生是否掌握(21:00)。这是不对的。既违背了比赛要求,也不符合实际教学情况。因为给学生材料让其课前预习是教学的常态,不能指望靠上课时突然袭击来检测学生。第二,最大的问题是把口译课上成了听力课。整堂课下来,好像都在讲如何听辨,没有丝毫提到翻译和口译。其实这完全可在教学过程中体现,如选材时用英语和中文各一段,或者辨识时英文材料用中文记录、中文材料用英文记录等。第三,上课缺少互动,基本是教师一人在独白。包括两段听力材料的概括,也是让学生试说后,不加评议就匆匆给出自己的文本(11:26)。点评专家:潘文国教授

教育培训更多

大英综合课教学设计工作坊2.0

本工作坊采取培训专家、教学大赛获奖选手和参训教师组成学习共同体的研修模式。主讲人在进行理论讲解、模式阐释和展示示范时,将以教学指 南为准则,结合中国英语能力等级量表,详解指定教材单元设计中的目标 设定、流程安排、项目设计和多层评测。参训教师通过分组合作学习和集体备课的形式,在专家指导下分模块操练单元设计的重要步骤和极富挑战 的教学整合设计任务。本工作坊旨在帮助参训教师将理论转化为实践,最 终产出和分享课程设计方案*,并将成果带回到一线课堂教学实践中去。 课程具体实施步骤设计如下:1.参训教师在培训前事先完成教学设计和二语习得新文献的阅读。2.在研修现场,培训专家将首先从当前大学英语综合课教学存在的主要问题入手,结合“金课”的核心内涵和要求,解析大学英语综合课程的教学理念,介绍以项目为中心的整合式教学设计模式。然后,基于《全新版大学 进阶英语综合教程1》的一个单元,剖析还原单元教学生成过程,展示该模式在具体教学案例中的应用。3.本研修班新增教学点评环节,拟邀请第10届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛高名次获奖选手回顾参赛心路历程,分享赛后反思。培训专家将带 领参训教师观摩选手录像,并从大赛评委、教学设计者、教学课堂观察者 等多维角度进行教学点评和解析。参训教师亦可参与评课,并与获奖选手直接互动交流。4.在最后的实操阶段,参训教师将按5-6人分组,在培训专家指导下以集 体备课形式对指定教材的其他单元进行分步骤、整体设计和互动交流,并 由专家点评。以期切实强化“金课”理念,提升教学设计能力,实现以能力 培养为目标的有效教学。* 注:研修班将汇总专家及各组学员的最终教学设计方案,编订成合集,以电子版形式分享给全体学员。

跨文化外语教学与跨文化交际能力的培养:案例教学法

根据《大学英语教学指南》与英语专业《教学标准》中的要求,结合“跨文化大赛”选手的表现,探讨跨文化视角下外语教学与大学生跨文化交际能力的培养。本期研修班特邀上海外国语大学张红玲教授团队、昆山杜克大学Don Snow教授、华东师范大学窦卫霖教授、华东理工大学颜静兰教授等专家学者,重点结合理论研究与教学实践,采用案例分析与展示的方法,探讨在高校外语课程中进行跨文化教育、设置跨文化模块课程、跨文化课程的教学设计与执行能力、跨文化交际能力培养的途径与方法等主题。

大学英语教师专业发展:教学设计能力与测评素养提升

基于对当前大学生英语学习现状和新时期英语教学要求的分析,本期研修班将组织国内大学英语教学领域研究成果丰硕、实践经验丰富的资深专家,通过专题讲座、教学示范、互动座谈等多种研修形式,深入探究新形势下大学英语教学改革的相关热点问题,如“金课”建设、有效课堂教学设计与实施、教评测的有机结合、教师测评素养等,以期帮助大学英语教师把握改革动向,更新教学理念,掌握先进、有效的教学方法,优化大学英语核心课程的教学效果。

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