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第七届教学大赛视听说组一等奖彭天笑授课

2009年获得第二届军队院校大学英语优质课大赛决赛一等奖,2012年及2014年获湖南省普通高校教师课堂教学竞赛大学英语组一等奖,2016年获得第七届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛视听说课组一等奖。 点滴在心 “吃得苦、耐得烦、霸得蛮”,一步一个脚印,我一直在教学与创新的道路上脚踏实地地奋斗着。2016年元旦从英国曼彻斯特大学访学归国后不久,我将代表湖南省参加第七届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛全国决赛(大学英语组)视听说课组比赛之事便提上了国防科大外语人的重要日程。国防科技大学人文与社会科学学院及国防语言系两级党委高度重视,专门成立了由全军院校育才金奖获得者燕丽勤老师担任组长的专家组。随后,专家不仅给我推荐了数本二语习得和教学理论方面的专著,并要求我定期汇报读书感悟,而且还经常来我班上听课并提出很多建设性意见供我参考。时间一晃就到了2016年10月21日,参赛选手抽签获取参赛视频。我抽到的视频题目是“Clever Machines”。这是一段时长2分多钟配有旁白的科普类纪录片,内容主要围绕如何使机器人更加人性化展开。根据视频材料,我们制定了3个教学任务,即学生能够理解视频大意及关键词、能够更自然流利地用英语表述自己的观点、在规定的时间内提高口语交流的流利度与准确性。通过机器人图片引发同学对机器人形态动作的描述,导入本段视频的主题:more human。根据视频内容,我们把视频切分成3个部分,每个部分以问题为牵引,帮助学生掌握通过预设问题来预测听力内容的技巧。第一个听说任务是让学生做填空练习,让他们理解本段的大意。介绍relaxed pronunciation、hesitation filler等知识。通过练习,使口语更加自然和连贯。第二个听说任务是采用记笔记的方法,让学生记下主旨,然后根据自己原有的知识,形成自己的表达,达到知识重新建构的目的,有助于他们把explicit knowledge转换成为implicit knowledge。口语练习旨在加强流利性训练。第三个听说任务介绍general idea出现的位置,让学生学会抓主旨的方法。语法知识讲解,有助于他们进行正确有效的表达。课后作业让学生练习写演讲稿,同时进行口语陈述,目的是让他们关注社会,把课内学习的各种知识和技能在实际表达中运用出来。全国决赛于11月5、6日进行,环节包括现场授课和回答评委问题,我以第一名的成绩顺利进入全国总决赛。11月7日全国总决赛,选手不能将任何与比赛无关的东西带入候赛室,且必须独自一人在规定的30分钟之内完成对一段时长约为3分钟的视频进行10分钟说课和回答评委问题的准备。这是一个倍感紧张和压力的过程。参加总决赛的10名选手的视频材料都是一样的,我当时给材料取名为“Eco-Friendly Home: Problems and Solutions”。最令我印象深刻的是现场临时提问环节,专家王海啸老师针对我在说课环节的设计步骤提出了两个非常犀利的问题,我的现场回答不算精彩,但却给我带来了很大的教学启发和反思。每一次比赛都是对过去研学的理论和教学实践的一次全面检验,也是对个人临场应变能力和抗压能力的一次重要考验。我在军队中进步、成长,能以一名军校教员身份参加本次国赛让我更加坚定了立志献身国防,为军队培养人才的理想信念。我将不忘初心、继续前行,矢志不渝地在军队中实现自己的人生价值。 专家点评 彭天笑老师展现了较好的教师素质,教态端正,语音纯正,语调自然,表达自如。课堂掌控能力较强,能够吸引学生,整个教学过程展现了较好的亲和力。本堂课程教学步骤清晰、合理,主要包括lead in、视频学习和练习、要点总结和作业布置。在导入部分,彭老师用图片和简短的视频引出本课程的话题“robot”,有效地帮助学生熟悉话题,为后面的学习做好准备。但是,关于本堂课程的教学目标的阐述过于简单,彭老师只告诉学生要看三个视频、做一些相关的听说练习和学习关于relaxed pronunciation的语音知识。彭老师把视频分解成三个部分,对每个部分的处理步骤是:播放视频、简单讲解和学生练习。在第一部分中,彭老师花了约5分钟的时间重点讲解了relaxed pronunciation,并让学生进行练习。语音教学固然重要,但是,是否有必要把它作为本堂课程重要的内容讲解值得商榷;在第二部分中,彭老师设计了如何记笔记、学生看后回答问题和做配音练习的内容。看得出来,教师在用心设计。但是,由于内容过多,时间又紧张,所以每项任务都显得很匆忙,效果一般。在第三部分中,除了让学生快速回答问题外,彭老师讲解了as if 从句的用法。总的来说,在讲课中教师非常重视细节,设计了许多任务,重视语言能力的培养。但对视频的整体内容的处理还不够,如没有就视频的主题内容作进一步拓展,没有让学生对人类和机器人之间的关系进行思考。另外,或许是时间的原因,彭老师非常匆忙地给学生布置了作业,要求学生在课后根据所给视频就话题“How can robots improve the quality of everyday life for the disabled”做2分钟的口头汇报。这样的作业布置方式有一定的问题:1)学生在哪里可以找到视频?2)基于视频是指学生的汇报中要概括视频内容,还是要评论视频中的观点?事实上,为了帮助学生更好和更有效地完成任务,教师应该在知识/内容层面、语言层面和结构层面给予学生尽可能多的帮助。如:如何利用视频中的内容、如何寻找拓展的相关材料、如何组织等等。另外,彭老师在PPT上写了以下要求: Repeat your speech at least 3 times. 这句话的意思有点令人费解,这是要学生课前重复练习三遍呢,还是在课堂上重复三遍?在回答问题环节,彭老师对第一题的回答到位,语言表达流利。但对第二题的回答,开始时没有听清问题,解释了自己而不是学生是如何理解speak naturally。经提问老师重复了问题和指点后,教师才恍然大悟。几点建议:1.课堂教学设计要突出重点,避免面面俱到;2.课堂教学时间安排要合理。点评专家:季佩英教授

    Leiden University - Freedom of Ideas
    掐指一算,2017年的暑期已经过了三分之一。你是选择在这骄阳似火的夏日里看电视、刷微博,想尽一切办法消磨漫长的时间,还是捡起书本,充分利用这看似短暂的两个月,弥补知识体系上的不足,充实精神生活呢?每年暑假对大多数上班族来说都是难熬的——接受太阳的“炙烤”和雷暴雨的“滋润”是上下班路上的常态,但对于学生和教师来说,暑假则是一年之中难得的可自由支配的时光。于是乎,如何利用好每年的暑假便成了家长们的头疼事儿。每年暑期未至,一些家长就忙着给孩子报名各类补习班,把孩子的暑期生活安排得跟平时上学一样紧凑;还有些家长则另辟蹊径,选择各类夏令营锻炼孩子的生活技能、处事能力。随着出国热的不断升温,孩子们小小年纪便能出国旅行、探索世界,去发达国家拜访著名的高等院校也成为了家长们的首选。美国的哈佛、斯坦福,英国的牛津、剑桥,日本的东大、早稻田,德国的哥廷根、海德堡等如雷贯耳的名校在作为学术引领者的同时,也是其所在地区的精神象征。但说到荷兰,你会想起什么?是风车之国、郁金香王国和堤坝之城阿姆斯特丹?还是梵高笔下优美的自然风光?亦或是海牙国际法庭及荷兰足球队的橙色球衣?鲜为国人所知的是,在尼德兰的土地上,还坐落着一座历史极其悠久的名校——莱顿大学(Universiteit Leiden)。“莱顿大学”这个名字,对于大多数国人来说实在是太陌生了。它在哪儿?是什么时候创建的?它的特色学科是什么?在国际上排名如何?    莱顿大学的历史与传统,说出来还真会把你吓一跳:莱顿大学坐落在荷兰莱顿市,创立于1575年,由八十年战争中的荷兰革命领袖威廉王子创建,是荷兰王国历史最悠久的高等学府。这里孕育了笛卡尔、伦勃朗、斯宾诺莎等影响人类文明进程的学术泰斗与艺术巨匠,还先后诞生了多达16名诺贝尔奖得主(包括洛伦兹、爱因斯坦、费米等),美国总统亚当斯、英国首相丘吉尔、南非总统曼德拉等也都在这里留下过他们求学、任教的足迹。    莱顿大学是有“欧洲常春藤”之称的欧洲研究型大学联盟十二个创立成员之一,也是科英布拉集团、Europaeum等大学联盟的成员。在近十年主要的世界大学排名中,莱顿大学均位列前一百名,部分人文学科的排名更是常年位列欧洲大陆高校之首。    和欧陆众多历史悠久的高校一样,莱顿大学也是一座没有围墙的大学。全校的各院系、行政单位散布在莱顿城的各个角落。整个大学不仅是莱顿城的精神内涵,亦是城市的有机组成部分。在莱顿城游历,漫步在17世纪建成的街道上,时不时就能撞见莱顿大学的学子进出图书馆,开始充实的一天。说到这里,大家是不是已经对这所“低调奢华上档次”的欧洲大学充满向往了呢?下面我们就来观赏微课Leiden University — Freedom of Ideas,来真正领略莱顿大学的精神所在。
    “全国运动会”变“全民运动会”
    “The 13th Chinese National Games in Tianjin concluded with a bang on Sep. 9th. The quadrennial gala brought the public closer to the mainstream sports and promoted mass fitness.第十三届全国运动会于本月9日在天津完满闭幕。四年一度的全国体育盛事不仅拉近了公众与主流运动的距离,还促进了全民健身的热潮。”During the parade at the closing ceremony, athlete representatives from each delegation sang the national anthem together and then entered the venue.在闭幕式的行列式上,各代表团运动员代表齐唱国歌,随后进入会场。After the torch was put out, marking a successful conclusion of the games, the National Games flag was handed over to Hu Heping, the governor of Shaanxi province, as the next games will be hosted in Xi'an, the provincial capital, in 2021.在象征着运动会正式闭幕的主火炬被熄灭后,全运会会旗移交给了陕西省省长胡和平,下一届全运会将于2021年在陕西省省会西安举办。陕西省省长胡和平接受会旗As a comprehensive national sports meeting of the highest level, The Chinese National Games was inaugurated in 1959, serving as an important occasion for athletes to test their mettle for the Olympic Games. Several pioneering works were applied this year in a bid to stage a more inclusive event.作为我国最高级别的综合性运动会,全运会从1959年开始举办,是运动员参加奥运会之前的一次重要练兵。今年的全运会,则有诸多创举和革新,为赛事的全民参与提供保障。The slogan this year "National Games for a Healthy China" reflects a shift in the nation's focus from the pursuit of gold medals at the Olympic Games and world championships to a more balanced attitude toward the fundamental function of sports in society.本届赛事的宣传口号是“全运惠民 健康中国”,反映了运动会从对奥运金牌和世界冠军的追求转向了对更加均衡和全民参与体育运动的态度。“全运惠民 健康中国”的宣传口号As one major part of the reform, 19 events and games were opened to amateurs, including badminton, marathon running and chess, to include more grassroot athletes in China's top sports meeting.作为改革的重要组成部分,本届全运会有19个项目向业余运动员开放报名,包括羽毛球、马拉松和象棋等,让更多的“草根”运动员参与到中国的顶尖运动会之中。陕西足球获得全运会男子足球城市组冠军Millions of amateur athletes, whose age ranges from 4 to 93, participated in the preliminary rounds of the mass competitions through online and offline platforms, and more than 7,000 reached in the finals.共有数百万名业余运动员通过线上和线下平台报名参加了各项目的预选赛,其中最年轻的只有4岁,最年长的则有93岁,最后有7000多名选手进入决赛进行角逐。In addition to amateur players, the games also opened the door to overseas Chinese and foreigners of Chinese origin. Among the eight overseas players in the equestrian event, Zhu Meimei won an individual bronze medal in show jumping.除了业余选手外,本届全运会还向海外华侨华裔敞开了大门,其中有8名选手报名参加了马术比赛,华裔马术选手朱美美在个人障碍赛中收获一枚铜牌。The games also unprecedentedly allowed grassroots players to compete with professional peers in some events, which broke down the barriers against the involvement of amateur players.第十三届全运会还史无前例地允许民间选手与顶尖职业运动员同场竞技,打破了只有体育代表队才能参赛的界限。The History of National Games全运会的“前世”The forerunner of the National Games of the People's Republic of China was the Chinese National Games, firstly held in 1910 during the reign of Qing Dynasty. The game closed in 1948 and was relaunched under its current name in 1959, following the establishment of the People's Republic of China.中华人民共和国全国运动会的前身是“中华运动会”,第一届于1910年由清政府举办,1948年举办了最后一届。随后在1949年新中国成立后,第一届以崭新面貌示人的全运会于1959年成功举办。
    练习 | 科学美国人:Climate Change Fires Up Polar Bear Treadmill
    科学美国人60秒:Climate Change Fires Up Polar Bear Treadmill气候变化害苦了北极熊燕山大学 刘立军 宋葳 编写 ◆TRANSCRIPTPolar Bears spend most of their time roaming the sea ice in search of seals. And seals spend most of their time underneath that ice, avoiding the top predator. But climate change is giving polar bears additional challenges in their searches for food.“Sea ice is now drifting faster.” George Durner is a research zoologist with the United States Geological Survey Polar Bear Research Program. He and colleagues compared sea ice conditions from 1987-1998 with those from 1999 to 2013.“And what we found was that ice drift at the locations used by polar bears increased 30% in the Beaufort sea and 37% in the Chukchi sea.” That's a problem because polar bears are homebodies - they prefer to stay in a specific range.“Throughout their range, they seem to have a sense of place. And … here we have a situation where the general pattern of ice drift is westward, so to remain in your traditional range, it means you have to constantly be walking eastward to compensate for that westward drift.”The result: a large-scale polar bear treadmill. And all that walking requires extra fuel. On average, a single bear eats between 31 and 33 seals per year. But the metabolic consequence of the treadmill effect means they have to eat on average one to three more. The study is in the journal Global Change Biology.And not only is the ice drifting faster - it's also melting more, giving the bears less of the platform they use to pursue their prey. So they need more seals but have a tougher time tracking them. All of which puts polar bears on a slippery slope.Adapted from https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8590-239221-1.html◆VOCABULARY1. predator n. an animal that kills and eats other animals 捕食性动物。例如:the relationship between predator and prey捕食性动物与猎物之间的关系2. compensate v. [单独使用的动词] compensate (for sth.) to provide sth. good to balance or reduce the bad effects of damage, loss, etc. 补偿;弥补。[同义词] make up for 例如:Nothing can compensate for the loss of a loved one. 失去心爱的人是无法补偿的。3. metabolic adj. 新陈代谢的;代谢作用的 Metabolic means relating to a person's or animal's metabolism.4. metabolism n. [不可数名词, 单数] (biology 生) the chemical processes in living things that change food, etc. into energy and materials for growth 新陈代谢。例如:The body's metabolism is slowed down by extreme cold. 严寒可以使身体新陈代谢的速度下降。5. prey n. an animal, a bird, etc. that is hunted, killed and eaten by another 猎物。例如:The lion will often stalk its prey for hours. 狮子经常悄然跟踪猎物达几个小时。◆QUESTIONS Read the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.WHATBut [1] _____________________ is giving polar bears additional challenges in their searches for food.WHYREASON 1“[2] ________________ is now drifting faster.” George Durner is a research zoologist with the United States Geological Survey Polar Bear Research Program. He and colleagues compared [3]___________from 1987-1998 with those from 1999 to 2013.REASON 2“And what we found was that [4] _________________ at the locations used by polar bears increased 30% in the Beaufort sea and 37% in the Chukchi sea.” That's a problem because polar bears are homebodies - they prefer to [5] _____________________________.REASON 3“Throughout their range, they seem to have a sense of place. And … here we have a situation where the general pattern of ice drift is westward, so to remain in your traditional range, it means you have to constantly be [6] ______________________________ to compensate for that [7] _______________________.”RESULT A large-scale polar bear [8] ________________. And all that walking requires [9] _____________. On average, a single bear eats between 31 and 33 seals per year. But the metabolic consequence of the treadmill effect means they have to eat on average [10] ________________. The study is in the journal Global Change Biology.And not only is the [11] _____________ - it's also [12] ________________, giving the bears less of the platform they use to [13]__________________. So they need more [14] __________ but have a tougher time tracking them. All of which puts polar bears on [15] _________________________.◆KEY1. climate change2. Sea ice3. sea ice conditions4. ice drift5. stay in a specific range6. walking eastward7. westward drift8. treadmill9. extra fuel10. one to three more11. ice drifting faster12. melting more13. pursue their prey14. seals15. a slippery slope
    练习 | FOX新闻:全球新首富
    FOX新闻: 全球新首富诞生燕山大学 刘立军 宋葳 编写 ◆TRANSCRIPTMove over Bill Gates, there's a new top dog in town. It's Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Amazon. He's now claimed the title as World's Richest Man with a net worth of over $90 billion. Bezos' narrowly unseating Bill Gates for the top spot, this according to Forbes.Shares of Amazon hitting fresh records and advancing over 40 percent this year, which in turn has propelled Bezos' growth of wealth.Gates had been the reigning king since 2013 until giving up his crown to Bezos.Hilarie Barsky, FOX News.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201707/519501.shtml◆VOCABULARY1. top dog n. [常用单数形式] (informal) a person, group or country that is better than all the others, especially in a situation that involves competition(尤指竞争中的)夺魁者,优胜者2. unseat v. to remove sb. from a position of power 罢免;解除职务;赶下台3. propel v. to move, drive or push sth. forward or in a particular direction 推动;驱动;推进。例如:He succeeded in propelling the ball across the line. 他成功地把球带过线。◆QUESTIONS Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the words you hear.Move over Bill Gates, there's a new top dog in town. It's Jeff Bezos, [1] _______________________ of Amazon. He's now claimed the [2] ____________ as World's Richest Man with a net worth of [3] _____________________. Bezos' [4] _________________ unseating Bill Gates for the top spot, this according to Forbes.[5] _____________ of Amazon hitting [6] ___________________ and advancing [7] ____________ this year, which in turn has propelled Bezos' growth of [8] __________________.Gates had been the reigning king [9] ___________________ until giving up his [10] __________ to Bezos.◆KEY1. founder and CEO 2. title 3. over $90 billion4. narrowly 5. Shares 6. fresh records 7. over 40 percent 8. wealth9. since 2013 10. crown
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