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Types of data and basic data collection methods

●●●伴随着IT行业的风起云涌和信息技术的迅速发展,O2O、互联网+、区块链等新概念便不断刷新着我们的认知。前一秒 “大数据时代”的概念才刚刚闯进我们的生活,下一秒就又会有某样新事物腾空出世,一夜间成为全球瞩目的行业焦点。在信息时代,与实体交通工具同样重要的,是一根根网线以及太空中散布着的无线信号。有了它们,便能实现信息资源的实时共享。尽管信息技术日新月异,但它也有“不变”——尽管信息载体和传输形式千变万化,但其本质不曾改变:数据。“数据”这个词,无论是中文形式还是英文形式(data),都让人觉得遥远。但事实上,数据不仅仅是数字,而是所有可以用文字、图表等不同载体传达信息的内容。单个的数据可能并无多大意义,但一连串的数据则可传递有效的信息。它可以是一段动听的音乐,也可以是一本书。我们作为个体也能参与数据的采集与整合过程——大数据便是从我们的行为习惯、搜索内容等信息源中集合而来的。当今,各行各业都离不开数据。抛开“大红大紫”的大数据不说,企业开展业务、发展客户都需要对市场数据进行挖掘和分析,因为只有在知己知彼、信息充分的条件下,企业才具备可持续发展的能力。学术界也不例外。理工科需要反复实验得出数据,以作为成果和发现的重要依据;文科需要大量的文献和引述资料以佐证论点;商科对数据的依赖则更是无须赘述。那么问题来了:我们该如何收集数据?这些数据又要经过怎样的处理才能为我们所用?今天的微课就会为大家介绍数据的不同种类并推荐几种基本的数据收集方法,请观赏微课Types of Data and Basic Data Collection Methods。

Globalization in China

“全球化”一词对我们来说可谓是耳熟能详,从早期的“地球村”概念,到后来的经济全球化,以及当今饱受争议的“文化全球化”,“Globalization”就好像一场大潮,伴随着信息时代的飞速进步,向我们席卷而来。但是对于全球化,特别是我国自身的全球化进程,我们又有多少了解和认识呢?1全球化的定义有多种阐释,通常意义上的全球化是指全球联系不断增强,人类生活在全球规模的基础上发展及全球意识的崛起。国与国之间在政治、经济贸易上互相依存。当然,全球化亦可以解释为世界的压缩和视全球为一个整体,而互联网的普及使得在信息层面上的全球化已然成为了现实。随着全球化势力对人类社会影响层面的扩张,全球化已逐渐引起各国政治、教育、社会及文化等学科领域的重视,并引发了研究热潮。2我国的全球化进程伴随着改革开放的历史机遇展开,大量外资的引入标志着全球化先期以“输入”为主的模式进入我国。近年来,国家战略鼓励企业和人才“走出去”,象征着我国的全球化正在实现以“输出”为主的转型。不难看到,全球化在为国家带来经济发展的同时,也使我国的国际地位大幅提升,并成为了全球化进程中的领军者。另一方面,我们也需意识到国际形势的瞬息万变,从当下硝烟四起的“贸易战”便可窥见。3对于“全球化”的观感是好是坏,目前仍是见仁见智,虽然全球化可以大大推进本土文化的创新与发展,但也会使得本土文化的内涵与自我更新能力逐渐模糊与丧失。因此对于全球化,我们应辩证看待, 保持理性的认识。接下来,我们就来观看今天的微课Globalization in China,多角度理解全球化在我国的现状和发展。

世界最佳餐厅

Osteria Francescana, Massimo Bottura’s three-Michelin-starred tasting menu venue in Italy’s Emilia-Romagna region, has returned to the top spot on the World’s 50 Best Restaurants list. The restaurant unseated 2017 champion Eleven Madison Park.在意大利的艾米莉亚-罗马尼亚大区,有一家由大厨Massimo Bottura掌勺的米其林三星餐厅,名叫Osteria Francescana。该餐厅在今年的“世界50佳餐厅”榜单中,成功击败了“麦迪逊公园大道11号”,再次荣膺榜首,成为了“世界最佳餐厅”。The top restaurants list’s organizers praised "Bottura’s contemporary cuisine, which challenges and reinvents Italian culinary tradition while make use of the finest produce from the Emilia-Romagna region".评委会对此的评价是,“Bottura大厨的当代烹饪艺术挑战并且再造了意大利的烹饪传统,利用艾米莉亚-罗马尼亚大区最佳的食材创造出了令人惊艳的美食。”His father wanted him to become a lawyer but when he was 23 years old, Bottura, who was famous for rustling up culinary delights for his friends, dropped his law studies to open a restaurant in the countryside around Modena.Bottura从小就被父亲期待成为一名律师,但是23岁之时,烹饪技艺初露锋芒的他放弃了法律的学习,来到摩德纳的郊外,开设了一家餐厅。Years later, after spending time in some top restaurants in New York and Monaco, Bottura opened Osteria Francescana in 1995. The most famous eel dish really has something to show off, as New Yorker reported, “His eel — cooked sous-vide, lacquered with a saba sauce, and served with creamy polenta and a raw wild-apple jelly — refers to the fight of the Estense dukes to Modena in 1598, after Clement VIII seized their capital at Ferrara and claimed its eel marshes and fisheries for the Church.”多年后,经历了在纽约和摩纳哥顶级餐厅的锻炼和洗礼,Bottura于1995年开办了Osteria Francescana餐厅。招牌菜鳗鱼来头可不小,《纽约客》杂志曾经这样写道,“他的鳗鱼,经过低温慢煮,涂上一层绵密的萨巴酱,配以意式波伦塔和野生苹果酱——象征着1598年摩德纳艾斯腾斯公爵之战,这场战役因克莱门八世夺取费拉拉城,抢占鳗鱼渔场而引发。”Price is unquestionably high for an eating at the top restaurant. The lunch and dinner menus run from 250 euros to 270 euros. Optional wine pairings are an additional 140 euros to 180 euros. A fully loaded dinner for two can easily top out at over 6,000 RMB.在这样一家顶级餐厅用餐,自然价格不菲。午市和晚市的菜单价格在250至270欧元之间,另可选择配酒,费用需额外增加140到180欧元不等。也就是说,一顿丰盛的双人晚餐,价格轻轻松松就会攀上6千人民币。VOCABULARYunseat:v.把…从座位上移开culinary:adj.烹饪的lacquer:v.涂上marsh:n.沼泽

第八届教学大赛二等奖刘颖说课

“每一次经历都是生活给予的宝贵经验,是成长的必然。”★参赛感言★对于初登讲台两年的我来说,有幸参加“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛是一次难得的锻炼,是一次宝贵的经历,更是一次痛并快乐着的成长。从校内选拔赛到北京赛区的决赛和总决赛,我怀着“初生牛犊”的精神,一路走来还算顺利,并且幸运地获得了参加全国决赛的机会。然而,随着比赛的推进,我越来越多地发现了自己的问题和不足。对于抽到的文本如何处理?准备做成什么课?亮点在哪儿?活动和课堂怎么组织?在20分钟内如何有效、有趣地调动完全陌生的学生?这些问题都让我寝食不安。同时,我也发现年轻的我在很多方面都还非常稚嫩,不论是对于职业英语职业性的把握,对英语语言本身的理解和感悟,还是对于高职英语课堂的掌控和组织。好在,我身后有一个温暖的集体,不论是北京电子科技职业学院和基础学院外语教学部的领导、同事们,还是北京市大学英语研究会高职分会的专家们,都给了我很多帮助、鼓励和支持,让我有勇气去更大的舞台上展示自己,向更多的优秀教师学习。在此,我要向他们表示衷心的感谢!准备和参加全国决赛是值得我铭记的经历。紧张的三天赛程,我看到了其他省、市、地区的高职英语教师们的风采。他们的钻研、专注、创新、热情和专业,他们对于学生、教材和课堂的掌控值得我不断模仿、学习。而在比赛过程中,专家评委们犀利的提问和精准的点评都让我记忆犹新。犹记颁奖典礼上李力教授对所有英语教师提出的两点建议:一是要不断地提高自己的英语素养;二是要跳出固定思维、不断创新。这两点对我来说真是振聋发聩。虽刚登上讲台不久,但在备赛的过程中我依然感觉到自己陷入了某种“固定模式”的怪圈,不想或不敢去创新。可是只有当一个老师的思想、观念、知识一直是新鲜的,她的课堂才是充满活力和吸引力的。此外,作为一名英语老师,听说读写等英语语言能力不是问题,然而语言素养是否到位却是我之前没有做过太多思考的问题。要成为一名合格的英语老师,提升自己的专业水平和职业素养,一刻也不可懈怠。最后,十分感谢上海外语教育出版社给外语教师提供这样的机会和平台,让我们可以和全国各地的同行交流,相互学习,共同探讨高职英语教学规律、交流教学经验。衷心祝福“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛越办越好!说课点评专家:王海啸教授刘颖老师的说课给我的第一个感觉就是中规中矩。刘老师一开始对课文的结构和内容进行了简单的分析。在接下来的教学安排中,刘老师对课型、教学对象、教学目标、教学重、难点和教学方法等做了介绍。然后便是具体的教学步骤,即课前、课中和课后的教学安排。具体而言,刘老师在确定教学目标时沿用了她在授课时运用的框架,从 knowledge,skills和value这三个方面确定教学目标。虽然框架是一样的,但这些教学目标与所教课文的语言和内容还是有直接关系的。在教学步骤的设计中,刘老师能够根据学生的特点和课文主题选择相关的补充视频等学习材料,并使用网络教学 APP,如Quizlet、蓝墨云班课等辅助师生交流和检测。课内学习从词汇复习,到通过快速阅读理解课文主旨,再到细节的理解和关键语法结构的学习,最后再到口头和笔头产出。这样的安排无论在教学节奏,还是在内部逻辑关系上,都是比较合理的,有助于学生进行有效的语言学习。从刘老师所举的重点词汇和语法结构的例子,以及她在后面问答阶段的表现看,刘老师对课文还是有比较好的理解的,能够发现课文的语言特点,并根据这些特点组织教学。刘老师为本课设计的课后作业不是一个普通的口笔头练习,而是让学生做一个与环保宣传有关的 poster。这不但要求学生阅读大量的材料,而且还要能够对所阅读的材料进行归纳总结,制作一个具有很好视觉效果的 poster,在后续的展示阶段还要能够根据 poster上的关键词语向其他同学介绍相关内容。这样的作业既能够引起学生的学习兴趣,又能够帮助学生培养综合语言应用能力。总体而言,刘老师这样中规中矩的说课安排的优点在于面面俱到,而缺点则在于缺乏创新。这样的套路几乎可以运用于所有课文的处理。另外,刘老师在说课开始时将本节课定性为泛读教学,但在确定教学难点时强调了学生在语言产出时的困难,这似乎让人有些费解,因为产出技能的培养不应该是泛读教学关注的主要内容。在教学方法运用上,刘老师说要运用 production-oriented approach,但从她所介绍的教学步骤好像很难看出是如何体现 production-oriented approach的理念与做法的。

第八届教学大赛二等奖姚素华说课

“Shanghai, I came. I conquered. The experience will be engraved in my memory forever. Thank you all, my beloved friends and colleagues. The prize is for us!”★参赛感言★有幸代表广东省参加此次全国性的比赛,实为教学经历上的里程碑。感谢外教社搭建这样一个平台,感谢评委老师们精彩的提问和点评,感谢广东交通职业技术学院基础部朱东华主任和教研室张彦杰主任的全力支持和用心指导,感谢去年广东参赛选手陈海涛老师以及各位同窗好友的帮助。在此次盛事中,广东赛区还荣获了最佳组织奖,获得了一赛双赢的好成绩!作为一名普通的英语教师,我的工作就是让学生在课堂中尽可能多学知识并掌握学知识的方法,通过英语更多了解外面的世界,更好地提高自身的人文素养。一直以来,我都尽己所能地备好课、上好课,积极与学生交流,了解他们的想法,设计出适合他们的水平、兴趣和目标的教学活动。在备赛的两个月中,我几乎每天都在为之奋斗,这个过程可谓“痛并快乐着”。我研读了“外语教学网”微信公众号的“教学风采”栏目以及每年外教社出版的大赛相关书籍,分析了往届优秀获奖选手的现场授课和即兴说课,对比赛流程和评委风格进行了了解,积累了大量学习笔记。在得知进入全国总决赛之后,我便将赛场上所有可能出现的问题罗列出来,虚心请教在去年国赛中荣获二等奖的陈海涛老师。陈老师经验丰富,对我的问题一一作了回答,对我进行了耐心的指导。离国赛还有两周时开始网上选题,我所抽到的题目是全球PwC主席有关上海作为智慧城市之未来的一篇演讲。文章术语众多,语句复杂,信息量大。现场授课仅有20分钟,如何简洁、清晰地把教学重点完整、连贯地呈现出来是个考验。为此,我先对整篇文章的主线和背景进行了全面而细致的梳理,不放过任何一个单词,又与研究生同学和同事们讨论文章内容和教学思路,思学生所想,教学生所需,集思广益,反复推敲。然后进行全文翻译润色,不断修改课件和授课稿。最后,和学生进行教学演练,继续完善教学思路。特此感谢朱主任和张老师,二位在观摩演练之后提出很多宝贵的建议,让我受益匪浅。在两周的准备过程中,我侧重于全国决赛授课环节的准备,而对总决赛的说课环节有所忽略,因此在说课环节倍感压力,未能像在省赛中那样稳定、自如地发挥,略感遗憾。但人生就是惊喜与遗憾的交织,不是吗?当前大学英语正面临着重要改革,其重要性被逐渐削弱。我想起在一次全国性的教学培训中,主讲人问了在场各位老师一个问题:“大学英语课堂最终能带给学生什么?”有些老师说“英语知识”,有些老师说“考试技巧”。我当时的想法是,让学生通过英语了解和学习国外先进的知识和技术,这与主讲老师的想法不谋而合——“增强我国的综合国力”。推行“一带一路”使我们国家对复合型人才的需求日益急迫,再高水平的翻译人员也无法替代专业技术人士去解决技术层面上的问题。这也是我在宝洁公司担任越洋培训翻译中的深刻感受。希望大学英语课堂能为高职高专学子在成为复合型技术人才的道路上做好铺垫。以上便是个人在此次教学比赛以及大学英语教学中的一点体会。再次感谢外教社和广交院提供宝贵的机会,让我得以在教学的道路上越走越远、越走越深、越走越广。说课点评专家:董剑桥教授在总决赛的说课环节,选手们用的是同一份材料,因此,教学处理很有可比性。和大多数选手一样,姚老师分别从教学对象( who)、教学内容( what)和教学方法(how)三方面介绍了自己的教学思路和教学设计,陈述过程条理清晰、层次分明,语言表达流利自如(但口音稍重),并一如既往地使用了可视化工具( PPT),提纲挈领地展示陈述要点,总体表现中规中矩,颇有看点。但遗憾的是姚老师的陈述并没有跳出竞赛型说课的套路:即使用笼统的元话语和程式化的教学模板,而不是就具体的教学材料(给定),针对特定的学生(假设),设计有针对性的教学方法(对策)。也就是说,用教学的一般性原则和格式化流程替代具体的教学方法 (如姚老师呈现的 3 approaches:1. heuristic–teacher,2. cooperative– students,3. grammatical–language)和教学步骤( 1. pre-reading,2. while-reading,3. post-reading)。这样做的好处是保险,以不变应万变,也有话可讲(可事先准备);弊端是缺乏创新,不能切实解决具体问题。另一个问题是对教材文本的解读仅止于表面字义,对内容的理解也仅在于事实性信息,而对作者的写作手法,以及借此传递的观点、态度不甚了了。对语篇、语旨的宏观把握更是缺位。文章的最后一句与两个小标题(隐喻双关)是遥相呼应的,同时也是回应文章题目的点睛之笔;第三段较之于第二段甚至是递进的: “from … to …,our trash is everywhere. Despite the fact …, their impact is still felt”。然而,凡此种种,均被老师有意无意地忽略了,难怪当提问专家要求对文章小标题进行释义时,姚老师竟有些茫然不知所措,结果也就不知所云了。我们或可以说半小时的准备不足以出上品,但吃透内容毕竟是教的前提条件。教学套路化的毛病也体现在语篇分析的“主题句”模式上。主题句是针对具体文类而言的,但是这篇材料偏偏不那么适用。老师弃黑体字小标题研读于不顾,想当然地让学生在段落中找主题句,岂不是逼着学生犯糊涂?所以,让老师自己找一下也算不得故意为难,实在也是想给大家提个醒。

练习| VOA慢速英语:独自用餐不利于身体健康

VOA慢速英语:独自用餐不利于身体健康Benefits ofEating Together燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to stop what we're doing and spend time with the people in our lives.But sometimes they are not.It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very satisfying experience.However, could eating too many meals alone be bad for our health or affect our future success?Several studies show that it might for some people.A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to poor eating habits and poor food choices.Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone more than twice a week had a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagersFor children, eating with their families is not only about preventing bad outcomes - it is also about developing good ones.Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a strong correlation, or link.In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to skip school.Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely toabusedrugs and alcohol.That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's going on in their lives."They also claim that when teens say they feel closer to their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience long-term physical and mental health benefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reportedthat they were less aggressive.One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducationat the university.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better communications skills with others.Ways to eat together moreIf you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.Its website says to make room for at least one shared meal a week. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.If you live alone, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluckdinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat every once in a while, instead of eating at your desk every day.Or you could simply schedule timein your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I'm Anna Matteo.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201805/554818.shtmluVOCABULARY1. abusev. to deliberately use something for the wrong purpose or for your own advantage滥用,妄用。例如:lWilliams abused his position as Mayor to give jobs to his friends. 威廉斯滥用市长权力,给不少朋友安排了工作。lMorris abused the trust the firm had shown in him. 莫里斯辜负了公司对他的信任。lpeople who abuse the system 滥用这一制度的人abuse alcohol / drugs 例如:The proportion of drinkers who abuse alcohol is actually quite small. 饮酒者中酗酒的人所占的比例实际上很小。2. self-reported自我报告3. psychoeducation心理教育学4. potluck聚餐5.every once in a while偶尔,间或6. schedule time计划时间uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to [Q1] ________________________________and [Q2] ______________________________________.But sometimes they are not.It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very [Q3] _____________________ experience.However, could [Q4] ______________________ be bad for our health or affect our future success?Several studies show that it might for some people.A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to [Q5] _______________________ and [Q6] ____________________________.Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone [Q7] ________________________________ had a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagersFor children, eating with their families is not only about [Q8] _____________________________ - it is also about [Q9] ________________________________.Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a [Q10] _______________________________, or link.In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to [Q11] ________________________.Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely to [Q12] _________________. That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's going on in their lives."They also claim that when teens say they feel [Q13] _______________ to their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience [Q14] ________________________________________ benefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reported that they were less [Q15] __________________________.One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducation at the university.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better [Q16] __________________________________ with others.Ways to eat together moreIf you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.Its website says to make room for at least [Q17] ____________________________. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.If you [Q18] _______________________, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluck dinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat [Q19] ____________________, instead of eating at your desk every day.Or you could simply [Q20] ___________________________ in your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to [Q1] stop what we're doingand [Q2] spend time with the people in our lives.But sometimes they are not.It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very [Q3] satisfyingexperience.However, could [Q4] eating too many meals alonebe bad for our health or affect our future success?Several studies show that it might for some people.A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to [Q5] poor eating habitsand [Q6] poor food choices.Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone [Q7] more than twice a weekhad a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagersFor children, eating with their families is not only about [Q8] preventing bad outcomes- it is also about [Q9] developing good ones.Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a [Q10] strong correlation, or link.In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to [Q11] skip school.Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely to [Q12] abuse drugs and alcohol.That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's going on in their lives."They also claim that when teens say they feel [Q13] closerto their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience [Q14] long-term physical and mental healthbenefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reported that they were less [Q15] aggressive.One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducation at the university.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better [Q16] communications skillswith others.Ways to eat together moreIf you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.Its website says to make room for at least [Q17] one shared meal a week. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.If you [Q18] live alone, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluck dinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat [Q19] every once in a while, instead of eating at your desk every day.Or you could simply [Q20] schedule timein your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I'm Anna Matteo.

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