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故宫博物院

The Palace Museum in Beijing, or the Forbidden City, has received more than 100 million visitors since January 2012, according to the museum.首都北京的故宫博物院,也就是我们所熟知的紫禁城,据馆方的消息说,自2012年1月以来已经突破了1亿的累计客流。To avoid overcrowding during peak season, the museum has allowed a maximum of 80,000 visitors per day since June 2015, compared with more than 100,000 or even 180,000 visitors per day previously.为了避免在旅游旺季出现人挤人的情形,博物院自2015年6月起开始实行每天限流8万人的政策。而在政策实施前,故宫动辄就会出现超10万甚至18万的日客流。Controlling visitor numbers is aimed at protecting both the cultural relics and visitors. The museum will further improve its management and conduct a pilot scheme of selling different amounts of tickets at different periods during the day in 2019.实施限流不仅是为了保护文物,同时也是为了保障游客的人身安全。博物院还将在2019年加强管理,试行分时段售票政策。As a renowned world cultural heritage site and home to priceless art works and artefacts, the Palace Museum is a must-see for tourists and saw a record high of 16.7 million visitors in 2017.作为世界著名的文化遗产,故宫拥有无数的艺术珍宝和历史遗存,是来京游客的必到景点,曾在2017年创下1670万人的最高年客流记录。Meanwhile, the Palace Museum has been making every effort to repair the palace complex with a view to open more sections to the public. Back to 2015, when the Forbidden City celebrated its 90th anniversary, four new sections were unveiled, including the palace that housed the emperor's mother, making 65 percent of the complex accessible to the public. It is estimated that before 2020, more than 85% of the whole area will be ready to open to the public.与此同时,故宫博物院一直在不遗余力地修缮、开放新区域。在2015年,为了迎接故宫90周年院庆,四大未曾开放的区域整修后亮相世人,其中包括了慈禧的寝宫,使得整个故宫开放的区域达到了65%。此外官方预计在2020年前,故宫的开放区域能扩大到85%。Located in the heart of Beijing, the Palace Museum was home to emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties. After the revolution of 1911, which ended the reign of the Qing Dynasty, the last emperor, Puyi, didn’t leave the palace until 1924, when he was expelled.位于北京中心位置的故宫博物院曾经是明清两朝的皇宫。1911年辛亥革命推翻了清王朝后,末代皇帝溥仪仍居留在此,直至1924年被逐出皇宫。Over the following years, many treasures were lost due to social unrest. Lacking of proper maintenance further exacerbated the worsening condition of the old palace. In the next several decades, the museum has been taking great efforts to renovate and recover the huge complex. It is a year-long and difficult project to restore more than 9,000 rooms taking 72 hectares.接踵而至的社会动荡让故宫的文物大量流失,日常维护的缺失更使得故宫的状况日益恶化。随后的几十年中,馆方耗费了大量的精力对这一庞大的皇宫进行修缮,但修复这片占地72公顷,拥有9000多间房间的建筑群仍是一项漫长而艰难的工程。Nowadays, the Palace Museum faces new problems such as protection and large number of visitors. Since January 2014, the museum has been closed to public every Monday for renovation and maintenance work. Visitors are suggested to book tickets online in advance.如今,故宫博物院除了修缮外,还面临着高客流量和随之带来的安全问题。自2014年1月起,故宫每周一闭馆,进行集中修缮和维护。游客也被建议提前在网上购票。VOCABULARYpilot scheme: 试点方案artefact:n. 制品,人工产物exacerbate:v. 恶化;加重

《唐顿庄园》大电影即将回归,英剧迷看过来!

Fans of Downton Abbey can breathe a sign of relief — a film of the hugely successful TV series has finally been confirmed after much speculation. Michelle Dockery (Lady Mary) shared the first behind-the-scenes photo to social media from the set of the British historical period drama Downton Abbey as filming on the project has officially started.《唐顿庄园》的剧迷们终于等来了好消息!在终结数年后,这部大热的英剧终于开拍电影版了。扮演玛丽小姐的米歇尔·道克瑞近日在社交媒体上分享了一张幕后照片,证实了这部红极一时的英国古装剧的电影版已经正式开拍。The critically acclaimed show's main cast are set to return for the feature including award winning actress Dame Maggie Smith, Hugh Bonneville, Laura Carmichael, Michelle Dockery and Elizabeth McGovern. Also returning from the series is its creator Academy-Award winner Julian Fellowes who wrote the film’s screenplay.原剧中饱受好评的剧组成员这次也将悉数回归——包括获奖无数的老戏骨玛吉·史密斯,休·博内威利,劳拉·卡尔迈克尔,玛丽大小姐米歇尔·道克瑞,和伊丽莎白·麦戈文等。同时回归的还有剧集的原创——曾获小金人的编剧朱利安·费罗斯,本次的电影版也将由他再次操刀剧本。The period TV drama, which was a hit around the world, ended at Christmas 2015 after six series. Downton Abbey followed the lives of the Crawley family and the servants who worked for them at the turn of the 20th century in an Edwardian English country home.曾经席卷全球电视荧屏的《唐顿庄园》在播出六季后,于2015年的圣诞节宣告终结。剧集主要讲述了20世纪初,居住在一座爱德华时期乡村庄园内克劳利一家和仆人们的生活故事。Over its 6 seasons, the series garnered 3 Golden Globe Awards, 15 Primetime Emmy Awards, a Special BAFTA award and 69 Emmy nominations in total, making Downton Abbey the most nominated non-US television show in the history of the Emmys – even earning a Guinness World Record for the highest critically rated TV show along the way.6季的剧集总共收获了三项金球大奖,15座黄金时段艾美奖,一座英国电影电视艺术学院特别贡献奖,以及多达69项的艾美奖提名,使得《唐顿庄园》成为艾美奖史上提名最多的外国电视剧。《唐顿庄园》的火爆程度甚至为其获得了一项吉尼斯世界纪录——“全球最受好评的电视剧”。《唐顿庄园》的文化影响Downton Abbey has been credited with spawning a massive worldwide increase in demand for professionally trained butlers, especially British butlers, notably in China, Russia, and the Middle East. Between 2010 and 2012, demand was thought to have doubled, leading to some butlers fetching salaries as high as £150,000.《唐顿庄园》的走红曾在当时掀起了一阵不小的“全球管家热”。在中国、俄罗斯和中东等地,经过专业训练的英国管家在富人圈中走俏。2010年至2012年间,英国管家的需求经历了翻倍增长,部分管家的年薪甚至会高达15万英镑。Some of the fashion items worn by characters on the show have seen a strong revival of interest in the UK during the show's run, including starched collars, midi skirts, and beaded gowns.在剧集播出期间,英国掀起了一阵有关剧中服饰的复古热潮。上浆领,迷笛裙,串珠礼服等纷纷走红。VOCABULARYspeculation: n. 猜测garner: v. 获得spawn: v. 引起starched: adj. 上过浆的

小满天逐热,温风沐麦圆

Xiaoman, or Small Grain, is the second solar term for summer after Lixia, or Summer Begins, when wheat starts to growin north China. Xiaoman usually occurs on May 20-22 when the sun's elliptical longitude reaches 60° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 75°. This yearit falls on May 21.小满是夏季第二个节气,紧随立夏之后。此时,北方的小麦开始逐渐成熟。小满节气通常在每年的5月20日至22日之间,太阳到达黄经60度时便进入小满节气,在越过75度时便告结束。今年的小满是5月21日。 A Chinese proverb describes the days after Xiaoman as the “three periods of waitings” — waiting for sow thistle to prosper, waiting for fine grass in strong sunshine, and waiting for wheat to mature.中国古代有一句谚语概括了小满时节的“三候”,分别是“第一候苦菜秀,第二候靡草死,第三候麦秋至”,说的是小麦未熟民众只能以苦菜饱腹,喜阴的靡草逐渐衰败而绿草开始繁茂,以及麦子逐渐成熟,虽是夏季,却进入了它成熟的“秋”。 There was a tradition of eating seasonal wild vegetables including sow thistle during Xiaoman when crops are yet to mature. Though it may sound like a helpless choice, the tradition actually benefits people as the wild vegetables contain rich vitamins and mineral substance.由于小满时节庄稼尚未完全成熟,因此民间有着吃时令野菜的传统,其中包括苦菜。尽管这听起来像是个无奈之选,但事实上苦菜的维生素和矿物质含量丰富,有利于身体健康。The arrival of Xiaoman also marks the important period for transplanting rice seedlings, harvesting the rapeseeds,and taking care of the silkworms about to cocoon in south China.小满的到来在农耕社会中还有很多指示意义——此时的水稻要开始移栽了,田间的油菜籽可以收获了,在南方,家蚕开始织茧,养蚕人进入了一年中最忙碌的时分。The Amazing Cultural Heritage of Solar Terms非物质文化遗产——二十四节气A solar term is any of 24 points in traditional East Asian lunisolar calendars that matches a particular astronomical event or signifies some natural phenomenon. The points are spaced 15° apart along the ecliptic and are used by lunisolar calendars to stay synchronized with the seasons, which is crucial for agrarian societies. The solar terms are also used to calculate intercalary months in East Asian calendars; which month is repeated depends on the position of the sun at the time.节气指的是东亚地区传统阴阳历中的24个特定节令,二十四节气与特定的天体活动相对应,代表某些自然现象。每个节气的划分分别相应于地球在黄道上每运动15°所到达的一定位置,并与其所属的季节时分相对应,对农耕社会的运作有着关键的指示意义。二十四节气在东亚流行的农历中还可以用来计算闰月。 Solar terms originated in China, then spread to Korea, Vietnam, and Japan, countries in the East Asian cultural sphere. Although each term was named based on the seasonal changes of climate in North China Plain, peoples living in the different climates still use it with no changes. On December 1, 2016, 24 solar terms were listed as UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage.二十四节气起源于中国,随后传至韩国、越南、日本等东亚文化圈内各国。尽管节气对应的气候特征是依据华北平原而制定的,但是不同地区的人们在参考节气时仍然沿用统一的名称。在2016年12月1日,联合国教科文组织正式将二十四节气列入非物质文化遗产名录。Vocabularysow thistle: 苦苣菜seedling: n. 秧苗rapeseed: n. 油菜籽lunisolar calendar: 阴阳历agrarian: adj. 农业的

第八届教学大赛一等奖冯伟授课

“Success is not defined by how high you climb but by how high you bounce when you hit the bottom.”★参赛感言★第八届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛是我第三次参加这一比赛。2011年我参加了第二届大赛,并获得了国赛的第七名;2016年我参加了第七届大赛江苏省的复赛和决赛,并获得了省赛第一名,遗憾的是当年没有举办职业院校组的国赛。为了能够再次参加国赛,我于今年参加了第八届大赛,终于了却了自己的一个心愿。我之所以一而再、再而三地参赛,一方面是因为对第一次参加国赛的成绩不是很满意,但更重要的原因是从第一次参赛起我就认识到教学大赛确实能够提升我们对英语教学的理解,促进教师职业生涯的发展。教学大赛为我们提供了尝试创新的平台和契机,而创新是消除职业倦怠感、保持对教学的激情、维系课堂生命的纽带。我觉得教学大赛的意义并不是教师们要在教学技艺上分个高低,而是通过参赛积极反思自己的教学,不断寻求教学设计、教学策略、教学方法等方面的自我突破和超越。尤其是对于在高职院校从事公共英语教学的老师们来说,面对生源素质的逐年下降和公共英语教学逐步被边缘化的窘境,很容易产生倦怠感和疲劳感,丧失对教学的热情,而大赛就如一针强心剂,能够唤醒、激发我们的潜能,帮我们找回、延续那种愉悦和激情。例如,今年我参加省赛时,被分配的现场授课课文是一篇小故事,大意是讲主人公在利物浦车站下车,前往青年旅社,于途中迷路后通过问路到达目的地的故事。故事内容简单,情节单调,在日常的教学中我们往往想不到或没有动力去探求出彩的教学设计。但在比赛的驱动之下,我想到了根据课文内容画出两个线路图,课堂上让学习者读故事的同时逐步在地图中标出roundabout、 traffic lights等地标,然后勾选出正确的线路图,最后再让学习者参照地图练习与问路和指路相关的交际用语。这一教学设计不同于常规的阅读教学,学习者要将对课文中文字的理解转化为生动、具体的图画内容,是一种能够充分调动学生积极主动参与的、有效的阅读教学策略,在比赛时得到了评委们的一致认同和肯定。试想如果没有教学大赛,我也许不可能有灵感和精力去尝试这种教学设计。最后,感谢外教社为我们英语教师提供了这样一个切磋技艺、碰撞思想、启发思考、激励创新的平台。祝愿大赛永葆生机和活力,祝愿更多的英语教师能通过参赛找到属于自己的那份愉悦和激情。授课点评专家:董剑桥教授作为外语老师,冯伟老师的语言基本功扎实,教师素养颇佳。冯老师与学生沟通有耐心,能掌握节奏、注意引导,其教态从容自然,能张弛有度、即兴应答,比较接近平时的教学状态。冯伟老师课授的特点是:有深度、有创意,教学设计比较合理;紧扣课题导入课堂活动;通过听写填空,自然过渡到课文内容的讲解;通过问题回答(trademark),巧妙转入组合词归类分析,并带出课文中的生词释义。整个讲解过程中穿插了学生的活动,一气呵成,十分流畅,无生硬之感。只是,年份游戏的设计虽然能活跃气氛,却并没有超出识记回忆的层次,且与既定教学目标相关性不大。总体来讲,冯老师的课是一堂很好的“公开课”,如果在以下几个方面能进一步推敲琢磨,相信一定会更上一层楼:1.教学设计与时间安排。较之于45分钟的常规课授,20分钟的竞赛型课授花了5分40秒时间导入,显然不够经济。原以为冯老师单刀直入,从课文题目切入问答,直接开讲。没料到,一番互动后, PPT播出教学五步骤,这才又正式进入 opening up,谈起了personal hero,为导而导的匠心立显,但却拖泥带水了。程式化教学套路对教师的制约之强,由此可见一斑。其实,在问过“Who is Red Adair?”“What troubles did he shoot?”“How extraordinary is his job?”等问题后,如直接进入听写填空,留出时间让学生带着问题快速浏览文本,那么随后的所有教学活动就有了认知的逻辑起点。现在的设计还是有引君入瓮的套路之嫌,学生并没有获得学习的主动权。2.教材审读与教学处理。作为介绍性传记类文本,该语篇文字流畅、结构完整、层次清晰、可读性较好。但是,文章删改的痕迹还是很明显,个别地方甚至略有瑕疵。如倒数第二段的“ In March of 1991, Red Adair went to Kuwait to put out about 700 Kuwaiti fires following the Persian Gulf War.”,经查证原文,扑灭科威特 700处油井火灾并不只是 Red Adair公司一家所为,而是来自 16个国家的 27支油田火灾救援队共同努力的结果,是以原文有 “helped prevent ...”一说。(专家提问时曾对 “prevent”一词敏感,这恰恰是文脉逻辑问题所致的“不适”。)问题是冯老师所选的一段听写正是来自原文,按说对原文并非一无所知,可见教材审读还稍欠火候,内容处理不够细致也就在所难免了。3.语言点选择与教法设计。冯老师选择 compound words作为教学重点应该说是有一定的深度和价值的,但是考虑到学生的接受程度,似可以有更好的方法:即如何巧用已知推演未知。如 troubleshooter是生词,但 troublemaker却是熟词;同样,讲解 deadline的构词时,可让学生说出用 line合成的词,如 online、offline、outline、lifeline等等;再如,可列出 ice cream、dinner table、living room让学生在文中找类似的组合词oil well、oil rig、gas leak等;给出 notebook、superman等让学生找出 trademark、Hollywood、hellfighter、birthday等等,然后再请学生比较哪些合成词的语义与原词素相关,哪些则已面目全非,这比越俎代庖的概念灌输和机械记忆更能调动学生。至于加不加连字符,这可能取决于使用频率、约定俗成或是否便于识记(如 mother-in-law),若简单归类,则容易误导。合成词的语义透明度是一个相当专业的学术问题,点到为止即可。应告诉学生合成词的语义并非总是一目了然,应该勤查词典,不可望文生义,这恰恰是学习方法的指点。顺便说一下, deadline一开始确实是“死亡之线”, extra-ordinary是超乎寻常的意思, extra不是very,而是 beyond的意思。

第八届教学大赛二等奖秦雅芬说课

“要让学生超越老师,就要把发现、探索和思考的权利交给学生。”★参赛感言★作为一名执教仅仅一年的青年教师,能够参加我国规模最大、层次最高、影响最广的全国性外语教学专项比赛是我的荣幸。我是怀着向其他优秀英语教师学习的心情参加这次教学比赛的。从江西分赛区的复赛和决赛到全国决赛和总决赛,一次次的进步让我充满信心,并让我更加坚信:作为青年教师,一定要敢于尝试,敢于突破,敢于挑战!为期近半年的比赛已经结束一个月了,这次比赛让我受益匪浅,感慨万千。下面,我将谈谈自己的参赛感受。首先,“合抱之木,生于毫末。九层之台,起于累土”。如果教师平时的积累不够,想要在比赛时发挥出色是很难的。所以,作为一名教师,需要不断积累知识,保持终身学习。平时备课时,我会在网上广泛地查找各类资料,以求丰富课堂。而这次全国比赛中,我用的一段乔布斯在斯坦福大学的演讲视频,“Stay hungry,stay foolish”,就是我平时备课时积累下来的资料。我在全国比赛中抽到的文章标题是“There’s a lot more to life than a job”。对于高职学生来说,这篇文章比较难懂,因为文中有一些比较抽象的概念,比如:“… education teaches us to see the connections between things,and to see beyond our immediate needs.”。学生读到这句话的时候可能会感到疑惑,see the connections between things和see beyond our immediate needs是什么意思?connections between things是什么和什么的联系?immediate needs是指哪些需求?对于这些疑惑,我该如何用有趣的方法去解答呢?此时,我想到了乔布斯的这段演讲。他说他当年学习了书法,虽然当时并没有想过有一天会将其运用到工作中去,但十年之后,他将书法运用到了设计苹果电脑的字体中去,创造了当时电子产品中最美的字体。这段演讲完美地诠释了see the connections between things(乔布斯看到了书法和设计苹果电脑软件之间的联系),也诠释了see beyond our immediate needs(告诉同学们不能目光短浅,应该像乔布斯一样有远见)。有人说,学生要一杯水,教师要有一桶水。而在学习资源如此丰富的今天,仅仅是一桶水已经无法满足学生,教师要像一条湍流不息的大河,不断地积累各方面的知识,才能成为优秀的教师。其次,“一人难挑千斤担,众人能移万座山”。从四月份学校的初赛,到江西分赛区的复赛,再到全国的总决赛,外国语学院的领导和同事们都给了我极大的支持和鼓励。领导们一次次地帮我组织、安排学生配课,和同事们一起,一遍遍地帮我打磨课程、修改课程。正是因为领导和同事们的帮助,才让我呈现出一堂精心设计的课程,才让我有前行的信心。从省赛到全国比赛,一路走来,我观摩了全国最优秀的教师们的精彩授课和说课,收到了全国最权威的评委们的点评,这些都激励着我在英语教学中不断努力,不断寻求创新和突破!说课点评专家:邵红万教授秦雅芬老师说课语言流畅,思路清晰,目标明确,措施得当。其说课选文的标题为 “The real cost of travel”,说课包含教学对象、文本分析和教案三部分。她的说课有三大亮点,一是选择一年级旅游管理专业高职生作为特定教学对象开展教学设计,将英语学习与高职学生的专业相结合,服务于学生的专业发展。二是注重对语言知识的讲解(这一点常常被参赛选手忽视),既注重对 tourism、tourism industry、habitants、 ecotourism等旅游专业词汇的学习,又从语言学层面对 effect & impact、took off & growing & booming等近义词进行辨析,并通过翻译练习强化其用法。三是除对选文进行先总后分的深入分析之外,还引导学生关注选文标题的“低价航空游给环境造成严重污染”和“旅游业发展以污染环境为代价”的双重含义。美中不足的是,说课的教学设计与授课的教学设计如出一辙,有程式化之嫌,缺乏新意(这也是大多数参赛选手的通病)。在回答问题环节,对第一个问题,秦老师准确理解问题要点,回答基本正确。她认为世界屋脊珠穆朗玛峰都未能免受污染,可见旅游给环境造成的污染何等严重。第二个问题针对 problem—solution结构,作者一般会更加关注问题所带来的影响还是解决途径?对此秦老师未做解释,只说如果她是作者会更加关注问题所带来的影响。她认为本文作者对问题所带来的影响与解决途径都给予了重视。尽管两个问题秦老师的回答基本正确,但没能很好地 keep to the point,表述不够简明扼要。

练习 | VOA慢速:学编程要从孩子抓起

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTAmazon wants to get more young people to consider becoming computer engineers.The American technology company this week launched a program that aims to teach more than 10 million students a year how to code.Amazon says it will pay for summer camps and other costs for young people from low-income families. It also will offer teacher training at low-income schools.The program is called Amazon Future Engineer.Amazon hopes the programs will help bring more African-American, Hispanic and female students to the field of computer science.Other technology companies, including Microsoft and Facebook, also have programs that bring coding to schools. There is a shortage of computer engineers. Teaching more students how to code will help strengthen the industry.Jeff Wilke is Amazon's head of Worldwide Consumer. He said he hopes some of the students in the Amazon Future Engineer program will one day work for the company, especially in the development of voice assistant and drone technology.Wilke said, We're pretty confident that knowing how to code will be as important as knowing how to read for the jobs of the future.Amazon Future Engineer will provide summer camps and after-school programs for students from kindergarten through 8th grade. The programs will take place in Amazon offices around the country. Volunteer workers will lead the programs. Online classes, lessons and games will be offered by Code.org and Coding with Kids.Amazon says it also plans to pay for online training in computer science for teachers at 2,000 low-income high schools. In addition, it will offer scholarships and internships for college students.Amazon said some schools have already been testing the program, including Monsignor Scanlan High School in New York City. Jennifer Tulipano, a science teacher at the school, began taking online coding classes in September.Last month, she started teaching two computer science classes on how to create games and how to make animated characters. It is the first time that the school has offered computer science classes.So much is now online, Tulipano said. It's a skill set they (students) need moving forward if they want to go into these fields.I'm Dorothy Gundy.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201811/569520.shtml VOCABULARY1. launch v. to start an activity, especially an organized one 开始从事,发起,发动(尤指有组织的活动)。例如: to launch an appeal/an inquiry/an investigation/a campaign开始进行上诉 / 质询 / 调查 / 一场运动 to launch an attack/invasion发起攻击;发动侵略2. code v. (computing 计) to write a computer program by putting one system of numbers, words and symbols into another system 编程序;编码3. Hispanic n. a person whose first language is Spanish, especially one from a Latin American country living in the US or Canada 母语为西班牙语的人(尤指住在美国或加拿大的拉丁美洲人)4. drone technology n. 无人机技术5. internship n. a period of time during which a student or new graduate gets practical experience in a job, for example during the summer holiday/vacation (学生或毕业生的)实习期。例如:an internship at a television station在电视台的实习期 QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements. 1. Amazon wants to get more young people to consider becoming computer engineers. 2. Amazon launched a program that aims to teach more than 10 million students a year how to code last week. 3. Amazon will pay for summer camps and other costs for young people from low-income families. 4. Amazon will offer teacher training at low-income universities. 5. Amazon hopes the programs will help bring more Asian-American, Hispanic and female students to the field of computer science. 6. Other technology companies, including Microsoft and Facebook, also have programs that bring coding to schools. 7. Jeff Wilke hopes some of the students in the Amazon Future Engineer program will one day work for the company, especially in the development of voice assistant and drone technology. 8. According to Wilke, knowing how to code will be more important than knowing how to read for the jobs of the future. 9. Amazon Future Engineer will provide summer camps and after-school programs for students from kindergarten through 8th grade. 10. Amazon plans to pay for online training in computer science for teachers at 2,000 low-income high schools. 11. Amazon will offer scholarships and internships for high school students. 12. Amazon said some schools have already been testing the program, including Monsignor Scanlan High School in New York City. KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.ü1. Amazon wants to get more young people to consider becoming computer engineers.û2. Amazon launched a program that aims to teach more than 10 million students a year how to code last week. (正确表达) Amazon launched a program that aims to teach more than 10 million students a year how to code this week.ü3. Amazon will pay for summer camps and other costs for young people from low-income families.û4. Amazon will offer teacher training at low-income universities. (正确表达) Amazon will offer teacher training at low-income schools.û5. Amazon hopes the programs will help bring more Asian-American, Hispanic and female students to the field of computer science. (正确表达) Amazon hopes the programs will help bring more African-American, Hispanic and female students to the field of computer science.ü6. Other technology companies, including Microsoft and Facebook, also have programs that bring coding to schools.ü7. Jeff Wilke hopes some of the students in the Amazon Future Engineer program will one day work for the company, especially in the development of voice assistant and drone technology.û8. According to Wilke, knowing how to code will be more important than knowing how to read for the jobs of the future. (正确表达) According to Wilke, knowing how to code will be as important as knowing how to read for the jobs of the future.ü9. Amazon Future Engineer will provide summer camps and after-school programs for students from kindergarten through 8th grade.ü10. Amazon plans to pay for online training in computer science for teachers at 2,000 low-income high schools.û11. Amazon will offer scholarships and internships for high school students. (正确表达) Amazon will offer scholarships and internships for college students.ü12. Amazon said some schools have already been testing the program, including Monsignor Scanlan High School in New York City.

骑士赢下抢七加冕总冠军 克里夫兰结束52年冠军荒

Cleveland's more than half-century championship drought is finally over. The Cleveland Cavaliers are the NBA champions after beating the Golden State Warriors last night 93-89 in Game 7 of the finals. An exciting game it was. And this is an historic outcome for a city that can barely believe it. WCPN Ideastream's Mark Urycki reports.MARK URYCKI, BYLINE: Tens of thousands of fans packed the streets of downtown Cleveland last night, watching the game in Oakland from large outdoor screens or even peering through windows of packed bars and restaurants.(APPLAUSE)URYCKI: With less than a minute to go, Cleveland guard Kyrie Irving sunk a 3-pointer to put the Cavs on top. And Cleveland fans were ecstatic when time ran out.RICK CHRAPOWICZ: The monkey is off the back.URYCKI: Rick Chrapowicz is referring to what many believe was the 52-year curse that was preventing Cleveland's three major professional sports teams from winning a championship. Dwayne Spencer could name the unfortunate athletes in Cleveland who had victories snatched away in the final minute.DWAYNE SPENCER: This is for the Browns defense on The Drive. This is for Earnest Byner. This is for Bernie Kosar, Omar Vizquel, everybody who's been through it. We got a championship.URYCKI: The finals MVP is LeBron James who grew up in nearby Akron and can, himself, rattle off Cleveland's famous losses.(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)LEBRON JAMES: Take a look back to the Earnest Byner fumble, Elway going 99 yards, to Jose Mesa not be able to close out in the bottom of the ninth to the Cavs to the finals — I was on that team in 2007, us getting swept, and then, last year, us losing 4-2 so many more stories. And then our fans — they ride or die, no matter what's been going on.URYCKI: Cavs fan Robert Datewood said it only make sense that the Cavs would dig themselves a hole against the Warriors who set a record themselves for regular-season wins this year.ROBERT DATEWOOD: We got down 3-1. And the only thing it made me feel like was the storybook finish was going to happen. It wouldn't have been fun if we won 4-1 or — it had to be like this. That — we don't win anything else if it's not like this.URYCKI: The Cavs became the first NBA team ever to win the finals after being down 3-1. And they did it on the Warriors' home court. Kyrie Irving, who scored 26 points, said he was imagining every possible way to win or lose.(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)KYRIE IRVING: I've barely slept in the last two days. I was up just really, really — I don't think my mind has really contemplated so many scenarios ever in the last 48 hours.URYCKI: Now, his last-minute 3-point shot may replace The Shot that Michael Jordan made to defeat the Cavs a generation ago. The tears could tell the story. Nearly every player — and even Coach Tyronn Lue had trouble composing themselves. Fans like David Jaber were also choked up.DAVID JABER: It's been a long wait, 52 years. But you know what? I'm proud of this city. And I'm proud of that team. Today's my birthday and Father's Day. I've got three daughters, so it's quite special for me.URYCKI: And many fans, like Robert Datewood, find this whole winning thing disorienting.DATEWOOD: We honestly don't know how to react at this point. Our life — we're used to losing. We know how to pace that. It's a new tomorrow. I don't know that anyone knows what tomorrow means now. Everything's different. It's only a sports team win. But I think our mindset — as much improvement as we've been dealing with, now it can be real.URYCKI: The Cavaliers return to Cleveland today. A championship parade, seemingly in the planning for 52 years, is scheduled for tomorrow.UNIDENTIFIED CAVALIERS FANS: Let's go, Cavs. Let's go, Cavs. Let's go, Cavs.URYCKI: For NPR News, I'm Mark Urycki.

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