小编推荐

炎炎夏日中的冰爽美味

China has entered Toufu on July 17th, the first phase of Sanfu. In the Chinese lunar calendar, Sanfu refers to the hottest period of the year, which includes three phases, that is, Toufu, Zhongfu and Mofu. On the long, hot summer days, few people have a good appetite. Ice cream and fruit sound more refreshing than a bowl of hot noodles.7月17日我国正式进入“头伏”,也就是三伏天的第一阶段。在中国农历中,三伏天意味着一年中最热的一段日子,前中后分为“头伏”、“中伏”和“末伏”三个阶段。在漫长的炎炎夏日中,人们的胃口常常欠佳,这个时候,相比一碗热气腾腾的汤面,冰激凌和水果就显得更加诱人了。Ice cream may be deemed as western dessert: the classic creamy texture is quite different from Chinese tastes. Actually, Chinese people have enjoyed "ice cream" in summer since ancient time. Here are some icy delicacies on summer days in ancient China and currently popular ones.冰激凌在我们印象中总是显得很西式:经典细腻的口感和我们东方的口味显得相距甚远。但实际上,中国的古人很早就开始享用那时的“冰激凌”了,接下来我们就来看一下古时和现在的一些夏日冰爽佳品。Icy Delicacy Favored by Royals and Nobles — Sushan 皇家风范的“酥山”Sushan is a dish that looks like crushed ice with milk and butter. Wang Lingran, a Chinese Tang Dynasty Poet, described how people made and enjoyed Sushan in his poem Ode to Su He Shan. According to the text, sugar was added to Sushan of different  shapes. Sometimes, Sushan was decorated with flowers and leaves to make it more beautiful.酥山看起来就像淋上牛奶和黄油的刨冰。在唐朝诗人王泠然的《苏合山赋》中详细讲了唐人制作、使用酥山的过程。酥山上加入糖,可将其变换为各种形态,辅以花朵和绿叶点缀,更显美丽诱人。His poem is cited by many scholars as evidence that Sushan is an early form of ice cream. However, only the royals and nobles were lucky enough to have large iceboxes to make this delicacy in summer.很多学者认为王泠然对酥山的描绘证明了其作为我国最早的“冰激凌”的起源,但是在那时,只有王公贵族在炎炎夏日才有这番待遇能够享受到冰凉美味的酥山。Simple, Refreshing Icy Treats简单、沁人的“冰”品Although there were no fridges in ancient times, iceboxes to store ice cubes in summer were very common in rich families by the Tang Dynasty.尽管古人没有冰箱,但发明出了储存冰块的冰盒,到了唐朝,这种器具已经在富贵人家中很普遍了。At that time, common people could only afford ice water and shaved ice. People could easily buy iced beverages on the street during the Song Dynasty. For the benefit of the community, some rich people even offered free ice water and medicine to people in need on the street for free in hot summer.但那时,普通人能享用到的“冰品”其实只有冰水和刨冰那么简单,在宋朝,冰镇饮料已经在大街小巷中普及。作为社会慈善的一部分,有些富人家还会在街上免费提供冰水和解暑药给需要的人。Mung beans and licorice were often added to ice water sold during the Song Dynasty to help prevent heat stroke.宋朝人喝的冰水中还常常加入绿豆和甘草,用来防止中暑。Resurrection from Brick-shaped Ice Cream to Fancy Sundaes从冰砖到圣代的华丽蜕变In recent years, classic Chinese brands of ice cream and popsicles are finding new ways to lure customers back, and here we see how Yimin, a time-honored Shanghai brand did the trick. 我国经典的冰糕品牌近年来不断探索新方法,吸引消费者的目光。上海的老字号益民食品厂,便是一个典型的例子。Speaking of Yimin's classic products, one has to mention its brick-shaped dessert which became one of the most popular ice cream after going on sale in the 1950s. Its popularity continued through the 1980s and 1990s, making it an important part of the childhood memory of several generations. Its size and shape resembled a soap bar. And consumers would dip it in soda water, mix it with cookies and fruits, or even use  it as a dressing for fruit salad after it melts.说到益民旗下的经典产品,不得不提那“光明冰砖”。自上世纪50年代问世以来,直到80、90年代,一直都是夏天最热门的冷饮之一,陪伴了好几代人走过了童年的夏天。冰砖的形状如一块肥皂,顾客买来不仅可以直接吃,还可以泡上苏打水,拌入曲奇饼干和水果,甚至还可以任其融化,倒在水果沙拉上吃,可谓是吃法繁多。However, in the new century, a large number of imported ice cream brands began to compete with domestic brands for more market share. In recent years, local brands eventually started to fight back after years of stagnation – including the creative "Tri-color Cup" and this year's new product: Durian Sundae. If these new delicious treats will offer you nostalgia as a bonus, why not give it a try?新世纪以来大量的外资冰激凌品牌涌入使得本土品牌的生存空间越来越小。在经历了多年的停滞不前后,近年国产品牌开始逐渐发力,推出了新款“三色杯”,今年还推出了创意满满的“榴莲圣代”。当浓醇的美味得以创新和延续,加上一丝清新的怀旧情怀,何尝不去尝试一下老字号的新产品呢?

川航奇迹备降

A Sichuan Airlines flight made an emergency landing in the southwest Chinese city of Chengdu on May 14th after a windshield on the right side of the jet's cockpit broke off. 5月14日,四川航空公司一架客机在高空巡航过程中驾驶室右侧舷窗突然爆裂,随后在成都紧急迫降。No passengers were injured in the incident but the pilot sitting in the right seat, who is usually the first officer, suffered scratches and a waist sprain. A cabin crew member was also injured in the descent. The cause of the incident is still under investigation.机上乘客没有受伤报告,但是靠近破损舷窗的副驾驶有多处擦伤以及腰部扭伤。此外还有一名乘务人员也在飞机下降中受伤。事故的原因仍然在调查之中。The flight, Sichuan Airlines 3U8633, left the central Chinese municipality of Chongqing on Monday morning and was bound for the Tibetan capital of Lhasa. According to flight tracking website FlightRadar24, the aircraft was an Airbus A319. A spokeswoman for Airbus said that the planemaker would provide all necessary support upon request by the CAAC and Sichuan Airlines.事发的航班是川航执飞的3U8633航班,当天早晨从重庆飞往西藏拉萨。根据航班跟踪网站FlightRadar24的数据,这架飞机的型号是空客A319。随后空客的一名发言人表示,他们将尽一切的努力,为民航总局以及川航提供技术上的帮助。Pictures showed the plane missing one of its cockpit windows and damage to its cockpit controls. Chinese social media users praised the pilots for landing the flight safely without incurring any passenger injuries and called them “heroes”.网上流传的图片中可以看到,飞机驾驶舱的一整块舷窗都已不见了踪影,机内的操控设备也严重受损。社交媒体上,群众纷纷为飞行员的英勇事迹点赞,他们在如此紧急和困难的条件下成功使飞机降落,把乘客安然无恙地送回地面,堪称奇迹。Incidents involving cracked windshields do happen on a regular basis due to occurrences such as bird or lightning strikes but ones involving entire windshields coming off are rare. It is also remarkable that the pilots managed to deal with the emergency as the temperature was as low as -40 degrees Celsius and the gushing wind disabled proper communication. 飞机舷窗破裂的事故偶有发生,通常是受到了飞鸟撞击和雷击,但是像这种整块舷窗破裂的情况还是十分少见的。本次事故中,舷窗破裂后驾驶舱的气压骤降,温度跌至零下四十多度,急速灌入的风几乎让通讯无法进行,即便如此机组仍然力挽狂澜,的确可以称之为“壮举”。Incidents Déjà vu 似曾相识的事故/199006Shortly after British Airways flight 5390 left Birmingham Airport in England for Málaga Airport in Spain on 10 June 1990, an improperly installed windscreen panel separated from its frame, causing the plane's captain to be blown partially out of the aircraft. With the captain pressed against the window frame for twenty minutes, the first officer managed to land at Southampton Airport with no loss of life.1990年6月10日,英国航空公司一架从伯明翰起飞前往西班牙马拉加的5390号飞机在巡航过程中,由于一面安装不当的挡风玻璃在空中脱离,使得机长的半截身体都被吸到了窗外。机长抓住窗框长达20分钟,副机长沉着应对,在南安普顿机场成功迫降,全机平安。/201804An engine on a Southwest 737 in April ripped apart in flight and shattered a cabin window, killing a female passenger in the first U.S. airline passenger fatality since 2009. On May 3rd, another Southwest Airlines flight made an emergency landing after a cabin window pane cracked in flight.就在今年4月,美国西南航空一架737客机在飞行过程中,引擎突然爆炸,飞出的碎片砸碎了一块舷窗,造成一名窗边的女乘客不治身亡,这也是美国自2009年以来首次在民航中有乘客死亡的报告。而就在不久后的5月3日,另一架西南航空的班机也因为舷窗破裂而紧急迫降。Vocabularywindshield:n. 挡风玻璃cockpit:n. 驾驶舱captain:n. 机长first officer: 大副;副机长

小满天逐热,温风沐麦圆

Xiaoman, or Small Grain, is the second solar term for summer after Lixia, or Summer Begins, when wheat starts to growin north China. Xiaoman usually occurs on May 20-22 when the sun's elliptical longitude reaches 60° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 75°. This yearit falls on May 21.小满是夏季第二个节气,紧随立夏之后。此时,北方的小麦开始逐渐成熟。小满节气通常在每年的5月20日至22日之间,太阳到达黄经60度时便进入小满节气,在越过75度时便告结束。今年的小满是5月21日。 A Chinese proverb describes the days after Xiaoman as the “three periods of waitings” — waiting for sow thistle to prosper, waiting for fine grass in strong sunshine, and waiting for wheat to mature.中国古代有一句谚语概括了小满时节的“三候”,分别是“第一候苦菜秀,第二候靡草死,第三候麦秋至”,说的是小麦未熟民众只能以苦菜饱腹,喜阴的靡草逐渐衰败而绿草开始繁茂,以及麦子逐渐成熟,虽是夏季,却进入了它成熟的“秋”。 There was a tradition of eating seasonal wild vegetables including sow thistle during Xiaoman when crops are yet to mature. Though it may sound like a helpless choice, the tradition actually benefits people as the wild vegetables contain rich vitamins and mineral substance.由于小满时节庄稼尚未完全成熟,因此民间有着吃时令野菜的传统,其中包括苦菜。尽管这听起来像是个无奈之选,但事实上苦菜的维生素和矿物质含量丰富,有利于身体健康。The arrival of Xiaoman also marks the important period for transplanting rice seedlings, harvesting the rapeseeds,and taking care of the silkworms about to cocoon in south China.小满的到来在农耕社会中还有很多指示意义——此时的水稻要开始移栽了,田间的油菜籽可以收获了,在南方,家蚕开始织茧,养蚕人进入了一年中最忙碌的时分。The Amazing Cultural Heritage of Solar Terms非物质文化遗产——二十四节气A solar term is any of 24 points in traditional East Asian lunisolar calendars that matches a particular astronomical event or signifies some natural phenomenon. The points are spaced 15° apart along the ecliptic and are used by lunisolar calendars to stay synchronized with the seasons, which is crucial for agrarian societies. The solar terms are also used to calculate intercalary months in East Asian calendars; which month is repeated depends on the position of the sun at the time.节气指的是东亚地区传统阴阳历中的24个特定节令,二十四节气与特定的天体活动相对应,代表某些自然现象。每个节气的划分分别相应于地球在黄道上每运动15°所到达的一定位置,并与其所属的季节时分相对应,对农耕社会的运作有着关键的指示意义。二十四节气在东亚流行的农历中还可以用来计算闰月。 Solar terms originated in China, then spread to Korea, Vietnam, and Japan, countries in the East Asian cultural sphere. Although each term was named based on the seasonal changes of climate in North China Plain, peoples living in the different climates still use it with no changes. On December 1, 2016, 24 solar terms were listed as UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage.二十四节气起源于中国,随后传至韩国、越南、日本等东亚文化圈内各国。尽管节气对应的气候特征是依据华北平原而制定的,但是不同地区的人们在参考节气时仍然沿用统一的名称。在2016年12月1日,联合国教科文组织正式将二十四节气列入非物质文化遗产名录。Vocabularysow thistle: 苦苣菜seedling: n. 秧苗rapeseed: n. 油菜籽lunisolar calendar: 阴阳历agrarian: adj. 农业的

第八届教学大赛一等奖冯伟授课

“Success is not defined by how high you climb but by how high you bounce when you hit the bottom.”★参赛感言★第八届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛是我第三次参加这一比赛。2011年我参加了第二届大赛,并获得了国赛的第七名;2016年我参加了第七届大赛江苏省的复赛和决赛,并获得了省赛第一名,遗憾的是当年没有举办职业院校组的国赛。为了能够再次参加国赛,我于今年参加了第八届大赛,终于了却了自己的一个心愿。我之所以一而再、再而三地参赛,一方面是因为对第一次参加国赛的成绩不是很满意,但更重要的原因是从第一次参赛起我就认识到教学大赛确实能够提升我们对英语教学的理解,促进教师职业生涯的发展。教学大赛为我们提供了尝试创新的平台和契机,而创新是消除职业倦怠感、保持对教学的激情、维系课堂生命的纽带。我觉得教学大赛的意义并不是教师们要在教学技艺上分个高低,而是通过参赛积极反思自己的教学,不断寻求教学设计、教学策略、教学方法等方面的自我突破和超越。尤其是对于在高职院校从事公共英语教学的老师们来说,面对生源素质的逐年下降和公共英语教学逐步被边缘化的窘境,很容易产生倦怠感和疲劳感,丧失对教学的热情,而大赛就如一针强心剂,能够唤醒、激发我们的潜能,帮我们找回、延续那种愉悦和激情。例如,今年我参加省赛时,被分配的现场授课课文是一篇小故事,大意是讲主人公在利物浦车站下车,前往青年旅社,于途中迷路后通过问路到达目的地的故事。故事内容简单,情节单调,在日常的教学中我们往往想不到或没有动力去探求出彩的教学设计。但在比赛的驱动之下,我想到了根据课文内容画出两个线路图,课堂上让学习者读故事的同时逐步在地图中标出roundabout、 traffic lights等地标,然后勾选出正确的线路图,最后再让学习者参照地图练习与问路和指路相关的交际用语。这一教学设计不同于常规的阅读教学,学习者要将对课文中文字的理解转化为生动、具体的图画内容,是一种能够充分调动学生积极主动参与的、有效的阅读教学策略,在比赛时得到了评委们的一致认同和肯定。试想如果没有教学大赛,我也许不可能有灵感和精力去尝试这种教学设计。最后,感谢外教社为我们英语教师提供了这样一个切磋技艺、碰撞思想、启发思考、激励创新的平台。祝愿大赛永葆生机和活力,祝愿更多的英语教师能通过参赛找到属于自己的那份愉悦和激情。授课点评专家:董剑桥教授作为外语老师,冯伟老师的语言基本功扎实,教师素养颇佳。冯老师与学生沟通有耐心,能掌握节奏、注意引导,其教态从容自然,能张弛有度、即兴应答,比较接近平时的教学状态。冯伟老师课授的特点是:有深度、有创意,教学设计比较合理;紧扣课题导入课堂活动;通过听写填空,自然过渡到课文内容的讲解;通过问题回答(trademark),巧妙转入组合词归类分析,并带出课文中的生词释义。整个讲解过程中穿插了学生的活动,一气呵成,十分流畅,无生硬之感。只是,年份游戏的设计虽然能活跃气氛,却并没有超出识记回忆的层次,且与既定教学目标相关性不大。总体来讲,冯老师的课是一堂很好的“公开课”,如果在以下几个方面能进一步推敲琢磨,相信一定会更上一层楼:1.教学设计与时间安排。较之于45分钟的常规课授,20分钟的竞赛型课授花了5分40秒时间导入,显然不够经济。原以为冯老师单刀直入,从课文题目切入问答,直接开讲。没料到,一番互动后, PPT播出教学五步骤,这才又正式进入 opening up,谈起了personal hero,为导而导的匠心立显,但却拖泥带水了。程式化教学套路对教师的制约之强,由此可见一斑。其实,在问过“Who is Red Adair?”“What troubles did he shoot?”“How extraordinary is his job?”等问题后,如直接进入听写填空,留出时间让学生带着问题快速浏览文本,那么随后的所有教学活动就有了认知的逻辑起点。现在的设计还是有引君入瓮的套路之嫌,学生并没有获得学习的主动权。2.教材审读与教学处理。作为介绍性传记类文本,该语篇文字流畅、结构完整、层次清晰、可读性较好。但是,文章删改的痕迹还是很明显,个别地方甚至略有瑕疵。如倒数第二段的“ In March of 1991, Red Adair went to Kuwait to put out about 700 Kuwaiti fires following the Persian Gulf War.”,经查证原文,扑灭科威特 700处油井火灾并不只是 Red Adair公司一家所为,而是来自 16个国家的 27支油田火灾救援队共同努力的结果,是以原文有 “helped prevent ...”一说。(专家提问时曾对 “prevent”一词敏感,这恰恰是文脉逻辑问题所致的“不适”。)问题是冯老师所选的一段听写正是来自原文,按说对原文并非一无所知,可见教材审读还稍欠火候,内容处理不够细致也就在所难免了。3.语言点选择与教法设计。冯老师选择 compound words作为教学重点应该说是有一定的深度和价值的,但是考虑到学生的接受程度,似可以有更好的方法:即如何巧用已知推演未知。如 troubleshooter是生词,但 troublemaker却是熟词;同样,讲解 deadline的构词时,可让学生说出用 line合成的词,如 online、offline、outline、lifeline等等;再如,可列出 ice cream、dinner table、living room让学生在文中找类似的组合词oil well、oil rig、gas leak等;给出 notebook、superman等让学生找出 trademark、Hollywood、hellfighter、birthday等等,然后再请学生比较哪些合成词的语义与原词素相关,哪些则已面目全非,这比越俎代庖的概念灌输和机械记忆更能调动学生。至于加不加连字符,这可能取决于使用频率、约定俗成或是否便于识记(如 mother-in-law),若简单归类,则容易误导。合成词的语义透明度是一个相当专业的学术问题,点到为止即可。应告诉学生合成词的语义并非总是一目了然,应该勤查词典,不可望文生义,这恰恰是学习方法的指点。顺便说一下, deadline一开始确实是“死亡之线”, extra-ordinary是超乎寻常的意思, extra不是very,而是 beyond的意思。

第八届教学大赛二等奖季佳平说课

“路漫漫其修远兮,吾将上下而求索。”★参赛感言★2009年夏天,我怀揣梦想来到南通师范高等专科学校,成为一名英语教师。初为人师的我,时刻铭记着“坚苦自立,忠实不欺”的校训,丝毫不敢懈怠。然而,教学之路并非一马平川。执教之初我便发现高职学生生性好动、乐于学习,但他们的英语语言能力相对较低。怎样让他们善学、善思、善用呢?所幸在我执教的这所老师范院校里我找到了答案——教在学生疑难处、教在知识重点处、教在学力潜能处。“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛已经举办了八届,我先后参加了第四届和第八届比赛。两次比赛对于我来说是难得的锻炼,我收获的不仅是先进的教育理念、积极的创新思维和优化的教学方法,更是触动心灵的感悟。以这次全国决赛为例,我抽到的是“Edge kidsand influencers”这篇文章。拿到题目的两天中,我查阅了国内外大大小小的网站,但一无所获。可想而知,组委会这样做不仅是为了比赛的公平,更是为了考验选手的实力。两周的备赛时间,既艰苦又煎熬。其间,我冥思苦想、不断修改、反复演练,最终我否定了前几稿内容,决定基于主题,从edge kids和influencers的定义、重要性、必要性和价值出发,优化教学设计。这样环环相扣的阅读任务不仅能让学生吃透文本,更能让他们在忠于原文却高于原文的基础上顺利完成最后的写作练习,以形成“以读促写,以写带读”的良性循环。然而非常遗憾的是,决赛时的紧张氛围让我在教学过程中语言缺乏逻辑性和准确性,未能取得理想的教学效果。正如李力教授在颁奖典礼上所言:“英语教师不仅要有扎实的语言基本功,更需要有良好的语言素养。”这番话让我为之一震,意识到这是我需要努力前进的方向。通过这次教学大赛,我领略了大赛评委老师们的渊博学识,见识了同行们的精湛技艺,感受到了校领导和同事们的关心与帮助,更明白了教学的任重道远。最后我希望自己能像一缕阳光一样,为孩子们驱散黑暗、照亮前程。我相信有爱就有光,有光就有一切。愿我的一份坚守能陪伴着他们在未来的人生路上走得更好、更远。说课点评专家:李力教授选手的说课简洁明了、详略得当。在短短的一分多钟内,选手就把课文的基本内容、学生情况和如何应对学生积极主动、思想活跃但注意力持续时间不长的措施说清楚了。她没有用过多的时间来复述课文内容,因此整个说课不显得头重脚轻,也就有足够的时间来阐述自己的教学目标、步骤等重要内容了。随后,选手较为详细地介绍了教学目标和教学步骤。其教学目标为: 1)理解课文,2)能力训练, 3)思维训练;其教学步骤为: 1)导入, 2)结构分析, 3)深层理解, 4)批判性思维, 5) 布置作业。在导入部分,选手专门介绍了在课前需要对学生提出的要求,以便让学生获得充足的背景材料,这很好。在谈到深层理解时,选手选择了 take off和ecotourism,并较为详细地谈了她的教学设想。第四步,选手鼓励学生对课文中学生觉得说服力不足或不赞成的内容进行质疑或补充,并提出解决旅游污染的有效措施,这种促进学生积极思考的做法值得肯定。选手布置的课后作业也很恰当。根据选手的要求,学生课前已做了准备,课堂上又较为充分地理解了课文的基本观点和一些表达方法,再加上围绕课文进行的较为深入的讨论,学生们便有了足够的知识储备,而作文的题目—— Save the earth, save ourselves——又紧扣课文内容,可以预料,学生能够较好地完成作业。说课的一个非常重要的内容是阐明自己的教学目标和教学步骤的合理性和可行性。选手较为详细地谈了她的教学目标和步骤,而且还提到了这样做的原因。如在谈到学生的课前准备时,选手表明其目的是让学生有更大的参与愿望,也让学生在理解课文时更容易。再如对课文中前后相关句子的处理,选手认为这样可以使学生更好地理解课文。这些阐述非常必要,但仍然显得不够。另一个不足是,在处理对课文的深层理解时,选手没能选好处理的对象。其实,这篇课文的三个小标题都有多层含义,这恰恰又是学生学习时的难点。如果选手能够意识到这一点,并引导学生理解和赏析,那就好了。

练习 | FOX新闻:家长应该如何应对孩子哭闹

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTFox on Family.You probably know what it feels like to be really angry. But can we teach our kids to calm themselves down? "You can't stop that anger on a dime once the hormones dump."So Doctor, former Marine and father-of-three Andrew Wittman, says the key is awareness and time. When a big emotion is coming, giving the brain and body something else to do can help, like a breathing exercise: "Start with four, hold it for four, exhale for four, making it a game; something different than this thought process of I'm just angry and the emotional reaction."Word games can work, too; finding letters, or for younger kids eye-spy with colors: "And get them to be able to do it on their own, right, so they can start looking for those colors. Hey. You know what, I calm down when I start finding all these things that are yellow or finding things that are green. Even at three-years-old, they can get that."And if you tend to calm yourself down when you get upset instead of exploding, let them see how you do it. Wittman also says if their behavior crosses a line, stop it right away every time, so they know what's not acceptable.With FOX on Family, I'm Lisa Brady.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201810/568060.shtml VOCABULARY1. dime n. a coin of the US and Canada worth ten cents (美国、加拿大的)十分硬币,十分钱2. dump v. to get rid of sth. you do not want, especially in a place which is not suitable (尤指在不合适的地方)丢弃,扔掉,倾倒。例如: Too much toxic waste is being dumped at sea. 太多的有毒废料在向大海里倾倒。 The dead body was just dumped by the roadside. 这具死尸就扔在路边。3. exhale v. to breathe out the air or smoke, etc. in your lungs 呼出,吐出(肺中的空气、烟等);呼气 (单独使用的动词) He sat back and exhaled deeply. 他仰坐着深深地呼气。 (动词+名词短语) She exhaled the smoke through her nose. 她从鼻子里喷出烟雾。 QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What's the key to teach our kids to calm down when they’re angry?(A) Awareness and time.(B) Giving the kid a dime.(C) Giving the brain something else to do.(D) Giving the body something else to do.(Q2) According to Andrew Wittman, which of the following statements is FALSE?(A) When a big emotion is coming, giving the brain and body something else to do can help.(B) Word games can work, too; finding letters, or for younger kids eye-spy with colors.(C) Let your kids see how you do it when you get upset instead of exploding.(D) If their behavior crosses a line, tell it later every time, so they know what's not acceptable. KEY(Q1) A。细节题。命题出处:You probably know what it feels like to be really angry. But can we teach our kids to calm themselves down? "You can't stop that anger on a dime once the hormones dump." So Doctor, former Marine and father-of-three Andrew Wittman, says the key is awareness and time.(Q2) D。推断题。命题出处:(A) So Doctor, former Marine and father-of-three Andrew Wittman, says the key is awareness and time. When a big emotion is coming, giving the brain and body something else to do can help, like a breathing exercise: "Start with four, hold it for four, exhale for four, making it a game; something different than this thought process of I'm just angry and the emotional reaction." (B) Word games can work, too; finding letters, or for younger kids eye-spy with colors: "And get them to be able to do it on their own, right, so they can start looking for those colors. Hey. You know what, I calm down when I start finding all these things that are yellow or finding things that are green. Even at three-years-old, they can get that." (C) And if you tend to calm yourself down when you get upset instead of exploding, let them see how you do it. (D) Wittman also says if their behavior crosses a line, stop it right away every time, so they know what's not acceptable.

骑士赢下抢七加冕总冠军 克里夫兰结束52年冠军荒

Cleveland's more than half-century championship drought is finally over. The Cleveland Cavaliers are the NBA champions after beating the Golden State Warriors last night 93-89 in Game 7 of the finals. An exciting game it was. And this is an historic outcome for a city that can barely believe it. WCPN Ideastream's Mark Urycki reports.MARK URYCKI, BYLINE: Tens of thousands of fans packed the streets of downtown Cleveland last night, watching the game in Oakland from large outdoor screens or even peering through windows of packed bars and restaurants.(APPLAUSE)URYCKI: With less than a minute to go, Cleveland guard Kyrie Irving sunk a 3-pointer to put the Cavs on top. And Cleveland fans were ecstatic when time ran out.RICK CHRAPOWICZ: The monkey is off the back.URYCKI: Rick Chrapowicz is referring to what many believe was the 52-year curse that was preventing Cleveland's three major professional sports teams from winning a championship. Dwayne Spencer could name the unfortunate athletes in Cleveland who had victories snatched away in the final minute.DWAYNE SPENCER: This is for the Browns defense on The Drive. This is for Earnest Byner. This is for Bernie Kosar, Omar Vizquel, everybody who's been through it. We got a championship.URYCKI: The finals MVP is LeBron James who grew up in nearby Akron and can, himself, rattle off Cleveland's famous losses.(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)LEBRON JAMES: Take a look back to the Earnest Byner fumble, Elway going 99 yards, to Jose Mesa not be able to close out in the bottom of the ninth to the Cavs to the finals — I was on that team in 2007, us getting swept, and then, last year, us losing 4-2 so many more stories. And then our fans — they ride or die, no matter what's been going on.URYCKI: Cavs fan Robert Datewood said it only make sense that the Cavs would dig themselves a hole against the Warriors who set a record themselves for regular-season wins this year.ROBERT DATEWOOD: We got down 3-1. And the only thing it made me feel like was the storybook finish was going to happen. It wouldn't have been fun if we won 4-1 or — it had to be like this. That — we don't win anything else if it's not like this.URYCKI: The Cavs became the first NBA team ever to win the finals after being down 3-1. And they did it on the Warriors' home court. Kyrie Irving, who scored 26 points, said he was imagining every possible way to win or lose.(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)KYRIE IRVING: I've barely slept in the last two days. I was up just really, really — I don't think my mind has really contemplated so many scenarios ever in the last 48 hours.URYCKI: Now, his last-minute 3-point shot may replace The Shot that Michael Jordan made to defeat the Cavs a generation ago. The tears could tell the story. Nearly every player — and even Coach Tyronn Lue had trouble composing themselves. Fans like David Jaber were also choked up.DAVID JABER: It's been a long wait, 52 years. But you know what? I'm proud of this city. And I'm proud of that team. Today's my birthday and Father's Day. I've got three daughters, so it's quite special for me.URYCKI: And many fans, like Robert Datewood, find this whole winning thing disorienting.DATEWOOD: We honestly don't know how to react at this point. Our life — we're used to losing. We know how to pace that. It's a new tomorrow. I don't know that anyone knows what tomorrow means now. Everything's different. It's only a sports team win. But I think our mindset — as much improvement as we've been dealing with, now it can be real.URYCKI: The Cavaliers return to Cleveland today. A championship parade, seemingly in the planning for 52 years, is scheduled for tomorrow.UNIDENTIFIED CAVALIERS FANS: Let's go, Cavs. Let's go, Cavs. Let's go, Cavs.URYCKI: For NPR News, I'm Mark Urycki.

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