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2018世界杯俄罗斯城市巡游

The 2018 FIFA World Cup is currently ongoing in Russia starting from 14 June and will end with the final match on 15 July 2018. This is the first World Cup to be held in Eastern Europe, and the eleventh time that it has been held in Europe. For the first time the tournament takes place on two continents–Europe and Asia. A total of 64 matches will be played in 12 venues located in 11 cities. They are Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Kazan, Sochi, Kaliningrad, Nizhny Novgorod, Volgograd, Samara, Saransk and Rostov-on-Don. Next we will introduce a few key cities.2018年世界杯正在俄罗斯火热举行,这场足球盛会于本月14日开幕,7月15日上演决赛并落下帷幕。这是东欧第一次,欧洲第十一次举办世界杯。值得一提的是,本次世界杯是首次横跨两大洲——欧洲和亚洲举办。共计64场比赛将分别在俄罗斯11座城市的12个场馆中展开,这些城市分别是莫斯科、圣彼得堡、叶卡捷琳堡、喀山、索契、加里宁格勒、下诺夫哥罗德、伏尔加格勒、萨马拉、萨兰斯克和顿河畔罗斯托夫。下面我们就来了解以下几个重点城市。 Moscow莫斯科Moscow is the capital city of Russia. Moscow is a major political, economic, cultural, and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as the largest city entirely on the European continent.作为俄罗斯的首都,莫斯科是俄罗斯乃至整个东欧最重要的政治、经济、文化和科学中心,也是整个欧洲大陆上最大的城市。The city is well known for its architecture, particularly its historic buildings such as Saint Basil's Cathedral with its brightly colored domes. Moscow is famous for its underground rapid transit system–Moscow Metro. The luxurious and artistic decoration makes it a must-visit for all tourists to Moscow.莫斯科拥有大量精美的建筑,如以五彩穹顶而驰名世界的瓦西里大教堂。除此之外,莫斯科地铁历史悠久,转换便捷,其内部华丽精美的装饰也是游客造访的必经之处。During the 2018 World Cup there are two stadiums in Moscow used for the competition. The final will take place on 15 July at the Luzhniki Stadium, the largest one in Russia.在2018世界杯期间,莫斯科有两座场馆为比赛提供服务,角逐“大力神杯”的总决赛将在7月15日于俄罗斯最大的体育场卢日尼基体育场举行。 Saint Petersburg圣彼得堡 Saint Petersburg is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow. Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great. In 1914, the name was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd, in 1924 to Leningrad, and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg. Saint Petersburg used to be the capital of Imperial Russia and in 1918, the central government bodies moved to Moscow.圣彼得堡是俄罗斯仅次于莫斯科的第二大城市。坐落于风光秀丽的涅瓦河畔,圣彼得堡面朝波罗的海芬兰湾,由沙皇彼得大帝下令建造。在1914年,圣彼得堡曾被更名为彼得格勒,1924年再次更名为列宁格勒,1991年改回原名。圣彼得堡还是沙俄时代的首府,直到1918年中央政府才迁往莫斯科。Saint Petersburg is one of the modern cities of Russia, as well as its cultural capital. The Historic Center of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world.圣彼得堡是当今俄罗斯现代化程度最高的城市之一,同时也是文化重地。“圣彼得堡历史中心及其相关古迹群”被联合国教科文组织列入世界遗产名录。同时,圣彼得堡的艾尔米塔什博物馆,作为世界四大博物馆之一,藏有大量无价之宝。 Yekaterinburg叶卡捷琳堡Yekaterinburg is the fourth-largest city in Russia. It has been dubbed the "third capital of Russia", as it is ranked third by the size of economy, culture, transportation and tourism.叶卡捷琳堡是俄罗斯第四大城市,其经济、文化、交通和旅游业十分发达,在全俄罗斯排名第三,因此也常被人称为俄罗斯的“第三首都”。Yekaterinburg has a long history, as can be told from its name. It was founded on 18 November 1723, named after Russian emperor Peter the Great's wife, Yekaterina, who later became Catherine I after Peter's death, serving as the mining capital of the Russian Empire as well as a strategic connection between Europe and Asia at the time. It was known as the "window to Asia", a reference to Saint Petersburg as a "window to Europe".叶卡捷琳堡历史十分悠久,从其命名中便可见一斑。叶卡捷琳堡于1723年11月18日建城,以彼得大帝的妻子,也就是日后成为女皇的叶卡捷琳娜的名字命名。这座城市作为沙俄时期的矿业中心,承担着连接欧亚大陆的战略作用,被称为俄罗斯的“亚洲之窗”,与之相对的是以“欧洲之窗”闻名的圣彼得堡。 Sochi索契Sochi is located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia and Russia. Sochi is known for Russia's largest resort city. Being part of the Caucasian Riviera, it is one of the very few places in Russia with a subtropical climate, with warm to hot summers and mild winters.索契坐落于格鲁吉亚和俄罗斯边境旁的黑海海岸,是俄罗斯最著名的疗养、度假城市。由于地处高加索海滨地区,索契是俄罗斯极少数拥有亚热带气候的地区之一,夏季炎热,冬季温暖,总体十分宜人。With the alpine and Nordic events held at the nearby ski resort of Rosa Khutor in Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi hosted the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games in 2014.凭借着城市北侧得天独厚的红波利那亚雪山,索契还是个著名的滑雪城市,也因此在2014年成功举办了第二十二届冬奥会和第十一届冬残奥会。 VOCABULARY dome:n.穹顶 strategic:adj.战略性的

Globalization in China

“全球化”一词对我们来说可谓是耳熟能详,从早期的“地球村”概念,到后来的经济全球化,以及当今饱受争议的“文化全球化”,“Globalization”就好像一场大潮,伴随着信息时代的飞速进步,向我们席卷而来。但是对于全球化,特别是我国自身的全球化进程,我们又有多少了解和认识呢?1全球化的定义有多种阐释,通常意义上的全球化是指全球联系不断增强,人类生活在全球规模的基础上发展及全球意识的崛起。国与国之间在政治、经济贸易上互相依存。当然,全球化亦可以解释为世界的压缩和视全球为一个整体,而互联网的普及使得在信息层面上的全球化已然成为了现实。随着全球化势力对人类社会影响层面的扩张,全球化已逐渐引起各国政治、教育、社会及文化等学科领域的重视,并引发了研究热潮。2我国的全球化进程伴随着改革开放的历史机遇展开,大量外资的引入标志着全球化先期以“输入”为主的模式进入我国。近年来,国家战略鼓励企业和人才“走出去”,象征着我国的全球化正在实现以“输出”为主的转型。不难看到,全球化在为国家带来经济发展的同时,也使我国的国际地位大幅提升,并成为了全球化进程中的领军者。另一方面,我们也需意识到国际形势的瞬息万变,从当下硝烟四起的“贸易战”便可窥见。3对于“全球化”的观感是好是坏,目前仍是见仁见智,虽然全球化可以大大推进本土文化的创新与发展,但也会使得本土文化的内涵与自我更新能力逐渐模糊与丧失。因此对于全球化,我们应辩证看待, 保持理性的认识。接下来,我们就来观看今天的微课Globalization in China,多角度理解全球化在我国的现状和发展。

台风季来临

The eighth typhoon of this year, Maria, hit Fujian province on July 11th. For Southerners at the coastal area, this is just the start of the typhoon season. However, whether you are a Southerner or a Northerner, how much do you know about typhoon, and could you tell the difference between a hurricane and a typhoon?今年第八号台风“玛利亚”已于7月11日在福建省登陆。对于居住在沿海地区的南方人来说,今年的台风季才刚刚开始。然而,无论你是一名北方人还是南方人,对于台风你究竟知道多少呢?飓风和台风,你又能分的清楚么?01Hurricanes and typhoons are the same weather phenomenon:tropical cyclones. A tropical cyclone is a generic term used by meteorologists to describe a rotating, organized system of clouds and thunderstorms that originates over tropical or subtropical waters and has closed low-level circulation.飓风和台风其实是同一种天气现象:热带气旋。气象学家对于“热带气旋”一词的定义是,发生在热带、亚热带地区海面上的气旋性环流,具有结构紧密,近地的特点。The weakest tropical cyclones are called tropical depressions. If a depression intensifies such that its maximum sustained winds reach 62 km per hour, the tropical cyclone becomes a tropical storm. Once a tropical cyclone reaches maximum sustained winds of 119 km per hour or higher, it is then classified as a hurricane, typhoon, or tropical cyclone, depending upon where the storm originates in the world. In the North Atlantic, central North Pacific, and eastern North Pacific, the term hurricane is used. The same type of disturbance in the Northwest Pacific is called a typhoon. Meanwhile, in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean, the generic term tropical cyclone is used, regardless of the strength of the wind associated with the weather system.热带气旋中强度最弱的被称为热带低压,如果它的强度加强,最高持续风速达到了62千米/时,便升级为热带风暴;若是达到119千米/时以上,根据不同的活动地区,可分为飓风、台风或热带气旋三种类别。在北大西洋,北太平洋中部和西部地区,被称为飓风;同样的风暴在太平洋西北部则被称为台风;而在南太平洋和印度洋地区,无论气旋的大小和强度是多少,都被称为“热带气旋”。02The ingredients for tropical cyclones include a pre-existing weather disturbance, warm tropical oceans, moisture, and relatively light winds. If the right conditions persist long enough, they can combine to produce the violent winds, incredible waves, torrential rains, and floods we associate with this phenomenon. At times, when a weather system does not meet all of these conditions, but is forecast to bring tropical storm or hurricane force winds to land in the next day or two, it is called a potential tropical cyclone in the Atlantic basin and the central and eastern North Pacific basins.热带气旋的构成要素包括现有的气象扰动,温暖的热带洋面,潮湿的空气和相对静稳的大气。如果这些适宜气旋生成的条件持续维持,那么气旋就会生成并不断加强,最终以狂风巨浪,倾盆大雨的面貌示人。有时,热带气旋即便没有成型,但预计也会给陆地带来了大风大雨,那么在大西洋和东北太平洋区域被称为是潜在的热带气旋。In the Northern Hemisphere, both hurricane season and typhoon season officially run from June 1 to November 30. Ninety-seven percent of tropical cyclone activity occurs during this time period. However, there is nothing magical about these dates. Hurricanes and typhoons can and do occur outside of this six month period.在北半球,飓风季和台风季大致都从6月1日开始,到11月30日结束。大约97%的热带气旋都会在这段时间内生成并活动。然而,除了这六个月之外,飓风和台风仍然会生成并登陆。03In terms of name sources, typhoons and hurricanes differ in some ways.The list of typhoon names consists of entries from 17 Southeast and East Asian nations and the United States who have territories directly affected by typhoons. The submitted names are arranged into five lists, and each list is cycled with each year. Unlike tropical cyclones in other parts of the world, typhoons are not named after people. Instead, they generally refer to animals, flowers, astrological signs, and a few personal names.就命名来说,飓风和台风的命名规则不尽相同。台风的命名由来自东南亚和东亚,以及部分领土也受到台风影响的美国等17个国家和地区共同确定。各地提交的台风命名被分为五张表,然后按顺序年复一年地循环重复使用。世界其它地区的热带气旋通常是以人名命名的,而台风的命名则充满了好的寓意,根据动物,花卉,气候现象和少量的人名进行命名。VOCABULARYcyclone: n. 气旋generic: adj. 一类的;一般的meteorologist: n. 气象学家torrential: n. 汹涌的;猛烈的

第八届教学大赛二等奖刘颖说课

“每一次经历都是生活给予的宝贵经验,是成长的必然。”★参赛感言★对于初登讲台两年的我来说,有幸参加“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛是一次难得的锻炼,是一次宝贵的经历,更是一次痛并快乐着的成长。从校内选拔赛到北京赛区的决赛和总决赛,我怀着“初生牛犊”的精神,一路走来还算顺利,并且幸运地获得了参加全国决赛的机会。然而,随着比赛的推进,我越来越多地发现了自己的问题和不足。对于抽到的文本如何处理?准备做成什么课?亮点在哪儿?活动和课堂怎么组织?在20分钟内如何有效、有趣地调动完全陌生的学生?这些问题都让我寝食不安。同时,我也发现年轻的我在很多方面都还非常稚嫩,不论是对于职业英语职业性的把握,对英语语言本身的理解和感悟,还是对于高职英语课堂的掌控和组织。好在,我身后有一个温暖的集体,不论是北京电子科技职业学院和基础学院外语教学部的领导、同事们,还是北京市大学英语研究会高职分会的专家们,都给了我很多帮助、鼓励和支持,让我有勇气去更大的舞台上展示自己,向更多的优秀教师学习。在此,我要向他们表示衷心的感谢!准备和参加全国决赛是值得我铭记的经历。紧张的三天赛程,我看到了其他省、市、地区的高职英语教师们的风采。他们的钻研、专注、创新、热情和专业,他们对于学生、教材和课堂的掌控值得我不断模仿、学习。而在比赛过程中,专家评委们犀利的提问和精准的点评都让我记忆犹新。犹记颁奖典礼上李力教授对所有英语教师提出的两点建议:一是要不断地提高自己的英语素养;二是要跳出固定思维、不断创新。这两点对我来说真是振聋发聩。虽刚登上讲台不久,但在备赛的过程中我依然感觉到自己陷入了某种“固定模式”的怪圈,不想或不敢去创新。可是只有当一个老师的思想、观念、知识一直是新鲜的,她的课堂才是充满活力和吸引力的。此外,作为一名英语老师,听说读写等英语语言能力不是问题,然而语言素养是否到位却是我之前没有做过太多思考的问题。要成为一名合格的英语老师,提升自己的专业水平和职业素养,一刻也不可懈怠。最后,十分感谢上海外语教育出版社给外语教师提供这样的机会和平台,让我们可以和全国各地的同行交流,相互学习,共同探讨高职英语教学规律、交流教学经验。衷心祝福“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛越办越好!说课点评专家:王海啸教授刘颖老师的说课给我的第一个感觉就是中规中矩。刘老师一开始对课文的结构和内容进行了简单的分析。在接下来的教学安排中,刘老师对课型、教学对象、教学目标、教学重、难点和教学方法等做了介绍。然后便是具体的教学步骤,即课前、课中和课后的教学安排。具体而言,刘老师在确定教学目标时沿用了她在授课时运用的框架,从 knowledge,skills和value这三个方面确定教学目标。虽然框架是一样的,但这些教学目标与所教课文的语言和内容还是有直接关系的。在教学步骤的设计中,刘老师能够根据学生的特点和课文主题选择相关的补充视频等学习材料,并使用网络教学 APP,如Quizlet、蓝墨云班课等辅助师生交流和检测。课内学习从词汇复习,到通过快速阅读理解课文主旨,再到细节的理解和关键语法结构的学习,最后再到口头和笔头产出。这样的安排无论在教学节奏,还是在内部逻辑关系上,都是比较合理的,有助于学生进行有效的语言学习。从刘老师所举的重点词汇和语法结构的例子,以及她在后面问答阶段的表现看,刘老师对课文还是有比较好的理解的,能够发现课文的语言特点,并根据这些特点组织教学。刘老师为本课设计的课后作业不是一个普通的口笔头练习,而是让学生做一个与环保宣传有关的 poster。这不但要求学生阅读大量的材料,而且还要能够对所阅读的材料进行归纳总结,制作一个具有很好视觉效果的 poster,在后续的展示阶段还要能够根据 poster上的关键词语向其他同学介绍相关内容。这样的作业既能够引起学生的学习兴趣,又能够帮助学生培养综合语言应用能力。总体而言,刘老师这样中规中矩的说课安排的优点在于面面俱到,而缺点则在于缺乏创新。这样的套路几乎可以运用于所有课文的处理。另外,刘老师在说课开始时将本节课定性为泛读教学,但在确定教学难点时强调了学生在语言产出时的困难,这似乎让人有些费解,因为产出技能的培养不应该是泛读教学关注的主要内容。在教学方法运用上,刘老师说要运用 production-oriented approach,但从她所介绍的教学步骤好像很难看出是如何体现 production-oriented approach的理念与做法的。

第八届教学大赛一等奖冯伟说课

“Success is not defined by how high you climb but by how high you bounce when you hit the bottom.”★参赛感言★第八届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛是我第三次参加这一比赛。2011年我参加了第二届大赛,并获得了国赛的第七名;2016年我参加了第七届大赛江苏省的复赛和决赛,并获得了省赛第一名,遗憾的是当年没有举办职业院校组的国赛。为了能够再次参加国赛,我于今年参加了第八届大赛,终于了却了自己的一个心愿。我之所以一而再、再而三地参赛,一方面是因为对第一次参加国赛的成绩不是很满意,但更重要的原因是从第一次参赛起我就认识到教学大赛确实能够提升我们对英语教学的理解,促进教师职业生涯的发展。教学大赛为我们提供了尝试创新的平台和契机,而创新是消除职业倦怠感、保持对教学的激情、维系课堂生命的纽带。我觉得教学大赛的意义并不是教师们要在教学技艺上分个高低,而是通过参赛积极反思自己的教学,不断寻求教学设计、教学策略、教学方法等方面的自我突破和超越。尤其是对于在高职院校从事公共英语教学的老师们来说,面对生源素质的逐年下降和公共英语教学逐步被边缘化的窘境,很容易产生倦怠感和疲劳感,丧失对教学的热情,而大赛就如一针强心剂,能够唤醒、激发我们的潜能,帮我们找回、延续那种愉悦和激情。例如,今年我参加省赛时,被分配的现场授课课文是一篇小故事,大意是讲主人公在利物浦车站下车,前往青年旅社,于途中迷路后通过问路到达目的地的故事。故事内容简单,情节单调,在日常的教学中我们往往想不到或没有动力去探求出彩的教学设计。但在比赛的驱动之下,我想到了根据课文内容画出两个线路图,课堂上让学习者读故事的同时逐步在地图中标出roundabout、 traffic lights等地标,然后勾选出正确的线路图,最后再让学习者参照地图练习与问路和指路相关的交际用语。这一教学设计不同于常规的阅读教学,学习者要将对课文中文字的理解转化为生动、具体的图画内容,是一种能够充分调动学生积极主动参与的、有效的阅读教学策略,在比赛时得到了评委们的一致认同和肯定。试想如果没有教学大赛,我也许不可能有灵感和精力去尝试这种教学设计。最后,感谢外教社为我们英语教师提供了这样一个切磋技艺、碰撞思想、启发思考、激励创新的平台。祝愿大赛永葆生机和活力,祝愿更多的英语教师能通过参赛找到属于自己的那份愉悦和激情。说课点评专家:沈银珍教授说课不同于授课,在为时 10分钟的说课环节,教师要讲清楚“教什么”、“为什么”、“怎么教”、“怎么学”等问题。冯伟老师说课的文章标题为 “The real cost of travel”,他说课条理清晰,从对课文内容的理解、学情分析、教学目标、教学过程等方面对教学内容进行了很好的阐述。在分析课文环节,教师能根据文章的主题和作者所关注的问题,在分析文章的内容、结构、重点与难点的基础上提出教学目标,即: 1)帮助学生了解环境污染的原因及解决方法, 2)解决文章中出现的关键词汇和句型, 3)唤起学生对环境问题的重视。在学情分析的基础上,教师制定了详细的教学过程。首先是 warming-up环节:教师将学生分成三组,上网查找课文中将要涉及的三个旅游景点的相关信息,并派代表做小组汇报;然后教师通过提问,引出文章的主题,即旅游所带来的环境污染问题。接下来是 text-understanding环节:教师通过 skimming and scanning等阅读练习和完形填空,帮助学生理解课文内容和文章结构。第三个环节是 language items的学习:通过词汇练习和重点句型操练,让学生了解“一词多意”和“一意多词”的现象,解决语言点和语法结构问题。第四个环节是 productive tasks:通过问题 “What can we do to reduce the impact mass tourism has done upon us and our lives?”,让学生头脑风暴,想出各种方法。最后是课后作业:教师要求学生模仿课文结构,写一篇有关“手机给我们的生活所带来的影响”的文章。从教学设计来看,教师紧紧围绕教学目标展开教学,采用任务教学法,多次布置教学任务,通过小组讨论、头脑风暴等形式,提高学生的语言应用能力。同时,教师也注重运用现代信息技术,让学生通过互联网查找相关信息,培养学生发现问题、分析问题、解决问题的能力。不足之处在于,在回答评委提问环节,冯老师对评委的第一个问题理解还不够到位,表述还不够清晰。

练习| VOA慢速英语:独自用餐不利于身体健康

VOA慢速英语:独自用餐不利于身体健康Benefits ofEating Together燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to stop what we're doing and spend time with the people in our lives.But sometimes they are not.It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very satisfying experience.However, could eating too many meals alone be bad for our health or affect our future success?Several studies show that it might for some people.A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to poor eating habits and poor food choices.Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone more than twice a week had a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagersFor children, eating with their families is not only about preventing bad outcomes - it is also about developing good ones.Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a strong correlation, or link.In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to skip school.Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely toabusedrugs and alcohol.That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's going on in their lives."They also claim that when teens say they feel closer to their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience long-term physical and mental health benefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reportedthat they were less aggressive.One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducationat the university.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better communications skills with others.Ways to eat together moreIf you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.Its website says to make room for at least one shared meal a week. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.If you live alone, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluckdinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat every once in a while, instead of eating at your desk every day.Or you could simply schedule timein your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I'm Anna Matteo.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201805/554818.shtmluVOCABULARY1. abusev. to deliberately use something for the wrong purpose or for your own advantage滥用,妄用。例如:lWilliams abused his position as Mayor to give jobs to his friends. 威廉斯滥用市长权力,给不少朋友安排了工作。lMorris abused the trust the firm had shown in him. 莫里斯辜负了公司对他的信任。lpeople who abuse the system 滥用这一制度的人abuse alcohol / drugs 例如:The proportion of drinkers who abuse alcohol is actually quite small. 饮酒者中酗酒的人所占的比例实际上很小。2. self-reported自我报告3. psychoeducation心理教育学4. potluck聚餐5.every once in a while偶尔,间或6. schedule time计划时间uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to [Q1] ________________________________and [Q2] ______________________________________.But sometimes they are not.It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very [Q3] _____________________ experience.However, could [Q4] ______________________ be bad for our health or affect our future success?Several studies show that it might for some people.A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to [Q5] _______________________ and [Q6] ____________________________.Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone [Q7] ________________________________ had a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagersFor children, eating with their families is not only about [Q8] _____________________________ - it is also about [Q9] ________________________________.Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a [Q10] _______________________________, or link.In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to [Q11] ________________________.Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely to [Q12] _________________. That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's going on in their lives."They also claim that when teens say they feel [Q13] _______________ to their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience [Q14] ________________________________________ benefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reported that they were less [Q15] __________________________.One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducation at the university.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better [Q16] __________________________________ with others.Ways to eat together moreIf you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.Its website says to make room for at least [Q17] ____________________________. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.If you [Q18] _______________________, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluck dinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat [Q19] ____________________, instead of eating at your desk every day.Or you could simply [Q20] ___________________________ in your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to [Q1] stop what we're doingand [Q2] spend time with the people in our lives.But sometimes they are not.It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very [Q3] satisfyingexperience.However, could [Q4] eating too many meals alonebe bad for our health or affect our future success?Several studies show that it might for some people.A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to [Q5] poor eating habitsand [Q6] poor food choices.Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone [Q7] more than twice a weekhad a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagersFor children, eating with their families is not only about [Q8] preventing bad outcomes- it is also about [Q9] developing good ones.Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a [Q10] strong correlation, or link.In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to [Q11] skip school.Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely to [Q12] abuse drugs and alcohol.That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's going on in their lives."They also claim that when teens say they feel [Q13] closerto their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience [Q14] long-term physical and mental healthbenefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reported that they were less [Q15] aggressive.One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducation at the university.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better [Q16] communications skillswith others.Ways to eat together moreIf you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.Its website says to make room for at least [Q17] one shared meal a week. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.If you [Q18] live alone, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluck dinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat [Q19] every once in a while, instead of eating at your desk every day.Or you could simply [Q20] schedule timein your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I'm Anna Matteo.

练习 | FOX新闻:你最喜欢哪个表情符号

FOX新闻:你最喜欢哪个表情符号燕山大学 刘立军 编写◆TRANSCRIPTAmerica's Talking to Fox News: What's Your Favorite Emoji and why?The laughing one, the crying from laughing... Just because I like to laugh a lot! The one with the rolling eyes, I don't know, it's cute... you can use it for anything...The one with sunglasses because it means cool. I like the one with the straight lip, I don't know why, it's just everything... and I do it when I write.Well, I kind of like the dog because I'd like to get a dog... The smiley face blushing, it just makes me happy.My favorite emoji is the purple demon one because it makes it you look like your tough... I like the one with the sunglasses because it makes me feel cool when I put it on to my friends.The 100 because I'm 100... I like the squid emoji because I think it just looks really funny.The one with the two heart eyes... I like the thinking emoji because it's like you're thinking. My favorite emoji is definitely the face-palm. I say a lot of things that I happened to get embarrassed by, so it ends up with a face-palm.America's Talking to Fox News.Adapted from 你最喜欢那个表情符号◆VOCABULARY1. Emoji n. 表情符号。emoji源于日本,是日语“绘文字”的音译,绘(e = 图片),文字(ji = 字符,moji = 文字),这种图像化的符号在1999年被开发出来并在日本流行。很快,emoji走出日本,席卷全球。 emoji的创造者是日本人栗田穰崇(Shigetaka Kurita),他将目光投向儿时的各种元素以获取灵感,如日本漫画和日本汉字等。“日本漫画中有许多不同的符号。漫画家会画出一些表情,表现一个人满头大汗或是迸发出一个想法时头上出现一个灯泡。”同时,从日本汉字中他获得了一种能力,用简单的字符来表达“秘密”和“爱”等抽象概念。2. blush v. When you blush, your face becomes redder than usual because you are ashamed or embarrassed. (因害羞、窘困等) 脸红。例如:"Hello, Maria," he said, and she blushed again. 他说道:“玛丽亚,你好!”然后她的脸又红了。3. demon n. an evil spirit or force魔鬼,恶魔。例如:He was speeding down the motorway as if pursued by a demon. 他在高速公路上飞速行驶,就像有魔鬼在追赶他似的。4. embarrassed adj. A person who is embarrassed feels shy, ashamed, or guilty about something. 尴尬的。例如:He looked a bit embarrassed. 他看上去有点尴尬。◆QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the words you hear.America's Talking to Fox News: What's Your Favorite Emoji and why?The laughing one, the crying from laughing... Just because I like to (Q1) ________________! The one with the rolling eyes, I don't know, it's (Q2) _________________ ... you can use it for anything...The one with sunglasses because it means (Q3) _______________. I like the one with the straight lip, I don't know why, it's just (Q4) ___________________ ... and I do it when I write.Well, I kind of like the dog because I'd like to (Q5) _______________ ... The smiley face blushing, it just makes me (Q6) ___________________.My favorite emoji is the purple demon one because it makes it you look like your (Q7) _______________ ... I like the one with the sunglasses because it makes me feel cool when I put it on to my friends.The 100 because I'm 100... I like the squid emoji because I think it just looks really (Q8) ___________.The one with the two heart eyes... I like the thinking emoji because it's like you're (Q9) _________________. My favorite emoji is definitely the face-palm. I say a lot of things that I happened to (Q10) ____________________________________, so it ends up with a face-palm.◆KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the words you hear.America's Talking to Fox News: What's Your Favorite Emoji and why?The laughing one, the crying from laughing... Just because I like to (Q1) laugh a lot! The one with the rolling eyes, I don't know, it's (Q2) cute... you can use it for anything...The one with sunglasses because it means (Q3) cool. I like the one with the straight lip, I don't know why, it's just (Q4) everything... and I do it when I write.Well, I kind of like the dog because I'd like to (Q5) get a dog... The smiley face blushing, it just makes me (Q6) happy.My favorite emoji is the purple demon one because it makes it you look like your (Q7) tough... I like the one with the sunglasses because it makes me feel cool when I put it on to my friends.The 100 because I'm 100... I like the squid emoji because I think it just looks really (Q8) funny.The one with the two heart eyes... I like the thinking emoji because it's like you're (Q9) thinking. My favorite emoji is definitely the face-palm. I say a lot of things that I happened to (Q10) get embarrassed by, so it ends up with a face-palm.America's Talking to Fox News.

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