练习 | VOA慢速:报告显示家是对女性最危险的地方

报告显示家是对女性最危险的地方

Loading the player...


燕山大学 刘立军 编写


TRANSCRIPT

Home: Most Dangerous Place for Women

From VOA Learning English this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

The most dangerous place for a woman is not a dark street in a strange city. It is not in a war zone or a protest. The most dangerous place for a woman is in her own home.

So says a new study from the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime. The study found that intimate partners or family members are responsible for the majority of female killings around the world.

The study explains that the majority of murder victims are men. But their killers are usually strangers. Women, the report states, are far more likely to be murdered by someone they know.

In 2017, about 87,000 women around the world were murdered. More than half of them, 58 percent, were killed by intimate partners or family members. Thirty percent of those murders were carried out by current or former lovers.

The report found that often these murders are not random. Rather, they are usually the result of past gender-related violence against the victim.

When an intimate partner murders a woman, the report states that jealousy and fear of abandonment are among the reasons.

However, it adds that women "are also killed by fathers, brothers, mothers, sisters and other family members because of their role and status as women."

This kind of killing is often called femicide.


Where femicide is most likely

In 2017, Asia had the largest overall number, at 20,000, of women killed by intimate partners or family members. Africa followed with 19,000. Then came the Americas with 8,000 murders; Europe had 3,000 and Oceania had 300.

However, based on population, Africa and the Americas are the parts of the world where women are most at risk of this crime. The study found the rate in Africa is 3.1 per 100,000 female population. In 2017, the intimate partner / family-related homicide rate was also high in the Americas, at 1.6 per 100,000 female population. Europe is the area where the risk is lowest.


Solutions

The study shows that deadly violence against women is on the rise.

The U.N. study experts suggest ways to fight the problem. These include improvements to criminal justice systems and how they deal with violence against women. They suggest that severe punishment for acts of violence against women will help.

They call for greater cooperation between police and justice systems and between health and social services.

The experts also claim that men need to be included in the battle against femicide. Educating boys and teens, they say, is an important part of the solution.

And that is the Health & Lifestyle report. I'm Anna Matteo.

Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201812/572504.shtml


VOCABULARY

1. protest n. (不可数名词, 可数名词) protest (against sth.) the expression of strong disagreement with or opposition to sth.; a statement or an action that shows this 抗议;抗议书(或行动);反对。例如:

The director resigned in protest at the decision. 主任辞职以示抗议这项决定。

The announcement raised a storm of protest. 这个声明引起了一场抗议风潮。

a protest march抗议游行

She accepted the charge without protest. 她一声未吭地接受了指控。

The workers staged a protest against the proposed changes in their contracts. 工人们进行抗议,反对拟议中的对他们合同的修改。

The building work will go ahead, despite protests from local residents. 尽管当地居民反对,建筑工程将照样进行。

The riot began as a peaceful protest. 暴乱是从一场和平抗议开始的。


2. abandonment n. (不可数名词) (formal) ① the act of leaving a person, thing or place with no intention of returning 离弃;遗弃;抛弃 ② the act of giving up an idea or stopping an activity with no intention of returning to it 放弃;中止。例如:the government's abandonment of its new economic policy 政府对新经济政策的放弃


3. femicide n. 杀戮女性


QUESTIONS

Listen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.

(Q1) What is the most dangerous place for women?

(A) A dark street in a strange city.

(B) A war zone or a protest. 

(C) In her own home country.  

(D) In her own home.


(Q2) Who are responsible for the majority of female killings around the world?

(A) Intimate partners or family members.

(B) Strangers. 

(C) Drunk drivers.

(D) Robbers.


(Q3) In 2017, about 87,000 women around the world were murdered. What is the percentage of those murders were carried out by current or former lovers?

(A) 58%.

(B) 30%. 

(C) 28%.

(D) 38%.


(Q4) What is the highest area of femicide risk?

(A) Asia.

(B) Europe and Oceania. 

(C) Africa.

(D) Americas.


(Q5) Which of the following solutions to fight against the deadly violence to women is Not Given in the news?

(A) Improvements to criminal justice systems and how they deal with violence against women.

(B) Severe punishment for acts of violence against women. 

(C) Greater cooperation between police and justice systems and between health and social services.

(D) Women need to be included in the battle against femicide.


KEY 

(Q1) D。细节题。

命题出处:The most dangerous place for a woman is not a dark street in a strange city. It is not in a war zone or a protest. The most dangerous place for a woman is in her own home.

(Q2) A。细节题。

命题出处:So says a new study from the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime. The study found that intimate partners or family members are responsible for the majority of female killings around the world.

(Q3) B。细节题。

命题出处:In 2017, about 87,000 women around the world were murdered. More than half of them, 58 percent, were killed by intimate partners or family members. Thirty percent of those murders were carried out by current or former lovers.

(Q4) C。细节题。

命题出处:However, based on population, Africa and the Americas are the parts of the world where women are most at risk of this crime. The study found the rate in Africa is 3.1 per 100,000 female population. In 2017, the intimate partner / family-related homicide rate was also high in the Americas, at 1.6 per 100,000 female population. Europe is the area where the risk is lowest.

(Q5) D。推断题。命题出处:The study shows that deadly violence against women is on the rise. The U.N. study experts suggest ways to fight the problem. (A) These include improvements to criminal justice systems and how they deal with violence against women. (B) They suggest that severe punishment for acts of violence against women will help. (C) They call for greater cooperation between police and justice systems and between health and social services. (D) The experts also claim that men need to be included in the battle against femicide. Educating boys and teens, they say, is an important part of the solution.

讨论区
还可以输入500 个字