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特朗普联大演讲炫耀政绩兜售美国优先

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NPR新闻:特朗普联大演讲炫耀政绩兜售美国优先


燕山大学 刘立军 编写


TRANSCRIPT


President Trump took center stage at the United Nations today. At the annual gathering of the U.N. General Assembly, Trump addressed leaders from around the world and used the opportunity to complain about the way the rest of the world has treated the United States. NPR's Ayesha Rascoe reports.


AYESHA RASCOE, BYLINE: President Trump did not say America first during his speech at the United Nations, but he didn't have to. His message was clear. His administration will look out for the needs of Americans first and foremost, and other governments should look out for their own people, too.


(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: We reject the ideology of globalism, and we embrace the doctrine of patriotism. Around the world, responsible nations must defend against threats to sovereignty not just from global governments but also from other new forms of coercion and domination.


RASCOE: According to Trump, one nation that is not honoring other countries' sovereignty is Iran. Trump had very tough words for the Iranian regime, which he accused of sowing chaos and death.


(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

TRUMP: They do not respect their neighbors or borders or the sovereign rights of nations. Instead, Iran's leaders plunder the nation's resources to enrich themselves and to spread mayhem across the Middle East and far beyond.


RASCOE: Trump pulled the U.S. out of the Iran nuclear deal in May. He complained the deal didn't address Iran's development of ballistic missiles or its support for terrorism. In his speech, he asked all nations to join the U.S. in isolating Iran's regime, but it's unclear how many nations will heed Trump's call. France, Germany and the United Kingdom have pledged to continue to uphold the agreement despite the U.S. withdrawal. Trump also voiced his complaints about international trade and China in particular. He blames China for the loss of U.S. manufacturing jobs and factories.


(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

TRUMP: But those days are over. We will no longer tolerate such abuse. We will not allow our workers to be victimized, our companies to be cheated and our wealth to be plundered and transferred.


RASCOE: In many ways, the speech was an outline of grievances from Trump about the international community. Trump said the U.S. gives more in foreign aid than the rest of the world but gets little in return. From now on, he said, the U.S. will only give to nations that respect the U.S. Trump also said his government will not allow OPEC, the cartel of oil-producing countries, to continue to drive up oil prices.


(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

TRUMP: OPEC and OPEC nations are as usual ripping off the rest of the world, and I don't like it. Nobody should like it.


RASCOE: There was a lighter moment at the start of Trump's speech when he boasted about his tenure so far.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)


TRUMP: In less than two years, my administration has accomplished more than almost any administration in the history of our country. America's - so true.

(LAUGHTER)


RASCOE: That prompted laughter from the audience.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)


TRUMP: Didn't expect that reaction, but that's OK.

(LAUGHTER)


RASCOE: Trump began his remarks by saying the U.S. will not tell other countries how to live. In the end, though, he urged countries to embrace patriotism and independence. It will be up to those independent nations to decide whether they take his advice. 


Ayesha Rascoe, NPR News.


Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201809/566366.shtml


VOCABULARY


1. first and foremost: more than anything else 首要的是;首先。例如:He does a little teaching, but first and foremost he's a writer. 他干一点教学,但首要的是写作。

2. doctrine n. a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a Church, a political party, etc. 教义;主义;学说;信条。例如:the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty 议会主权学说

3. patriotism n. love of your country and willingness to defend it 爱国主义;爱国精神

4. sovereignty n. the state of being a country with freedom to govern itself 独立自主。例如:The declaration proclaimed the full sovereignty of the republic. 这份宣言宣告这个共和国完全独立自主。

5. coercion n. (formal) the action of making sb. do sth. that they do not want to do, using force or threatening to use force 强迫;胁迫。例如:He claimed he had only acted under coercion. 他声称他只是受了胁迫才采取了行动。

6. plunder v. to steal things from a place, especially using force during a time of war (尤指战乱

时用武力)抢劫,掠夺。

例如:The troops crossed the country, plundering and looting as they went. 部队经过乡村,一路抢劫掳掠。

例如:The abbey had been plundered of its valuables. 寺院的珍宝被洗劫一空。

7.  mayhem n. confusion and fear, usually caused by violent behaviour or by some sudden shocking event 骚乱;慌乱。例如:There was absolute mayhem when everyone tried to get out at once. 众人蜂拥而出,造成了极大的混乱。

8.  ballistic n. connected with ballistics 弹道(学)的;发射的

9.  grievance n. grievance (against sb.) something that you think is unfair and that you complain or protest about 不平的事;委屈;抱怨;牢骚。例如:

Parents were invited to air their grievances (= express them) at the meeting. 家长们应邀在会上诉说他们的苦衷。

He had been nursing a grievance against his boss for months. 他几个月来一直对老板心怀不满。

Does the company have a formal grievance procedure (= a way of telling sb. your complaints at work)? 公司有正式投诉程序吗?


QUESTIONS


Read the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.


1. At the annual gathering of the U.N. General Assembly, Trump addressed leaders from around the world and used the opportunity to complain about the way the rest of the world has treated the U.N. 

2. President Trump say America first during his speech at the United Nations, and his message was clear. His administration will look out for the needs of Americans first and foremost, and other governments should look out for their own people.

3. Trump had very tough words for the Iraqi regime, which he accused of sowing chaos and death.

4. Trump pulled the U.S. out of the Iran nuclear deal in June. 

5. Trump complained the deal didn't address Iran's development of ballistic missiles or its support for terrorism. 

6. In his speech, he asked all E.U. nations to join the U.S. in isolating Iran's regime, but it's unclear how many nations will heed Trump's call. 

7. France, Germany and the United Kingdom have pledged to continue to uphold the agreement despite the U.S. withdrawal. 

8. Trump also voiced his complaints about international trade and China in particular. He blames China for the loss of U.S. manufacturing jobs and factories.

9. In many ways, the speech was an outline of grievances from Trump about the international community. 

10. Trump said the U.S. gives more in foreign aid than the rest of the world but gets little in return. From now on, he said, the U.S. will only give to nations that respect the U.S. 

11. Trump also said his government will not allow OPEC, the cartel of oil-producing countries, to continue to drive up oil prices.

12. There was a lighter moment at the start of Trump's speech when he boasted about his tenure so far.

13. Trump began his remarks by saying the U.S. will not tell other countries how to live. In the end, though, he urged countries to embrace globalism, patriotism and independence.

 

KEY 


Read the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.


û 1. At the annual gathering of the U.N. General Assembly, Trump addressed leaders from around the world and used the opportunity to complain about the way the rest of the world has treated the U.N. At the annual gathering of the U.N. General Assembly, Trump addressed leaders from around the world and used the opportunity to complain about the way the rest of the world has treated the United States

û 2. President Trump say America first during his speech at the United Nations, and his message was clear. His administration will look out for the needs of Americans first and foremost, and other governments should look out for their own people. President Trump did not say America first during his speech at the United Nations, but his message was clear. His administration will look out for the needs of Americans first and foremost, and other governments should look out for their own people.

û 3. Trump had very tough words for the Iraqi regime, which he accused of sowing chaos and death. Trump had very tough words for the Iranian regime, which he accused of sowing chaos and death.

û 4. Trump pulled the U.S. out of the Iran nuclear deal in June. Trump pulled the U.S. out of the Iran nuclear deal in May

5. Trump complained the deal didn't address Iran's development of ballistic missiles or its support for terrorism. 

û 6. In his speech, he asked all E.U. nations to join the U.S. in isolating Iran's regime, but it's unclear how many nations will heed Trump's call. In his speech, he asked all nations to join the U.S. in isolating Iran's regime, but it's unclear how many nations will heed Trump's call. 

ü 7. France, Germany and the United Kingdom have pledged to continue to uphold the agreement despite the U.S. withdrawal. 

ü 8. Trump also voiced his complaints about international trade and China in particular. He blames China for the loss of U.S. manufacturing jobs and factories.

ü 9. In many ways, the speech was an outline of grievances from Trump about the international community. 

ü 10. Trump said the U.S. gives more in foreign aid than the rest of the world but gets little in return. From now on, he said, the U.S. will only give to nations that respect the U.S. 

ü 11. Trump also said his government will not allow OPEC, the cartel of oil-producing countries, to continue to drive up oil prices.

ü 12. There was a lighter moment at the start of Trump's speech when he boasted about his tenure so far.

û 13. Trump began his remarks by saying the U.S. will not tell other countries how to live. In the end, though, he urged countries to embrace globalism, patriotism and independence. Trump began his remarks by saying the U.S. will not tell other countries how to live. In the end, though, he urged countries to embrace patriotism and independence.



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