双十一过后,来看看国外的购物节吧

郭逸纯 供稿This year, Alibaba set a new sales record on Singles’ Day again. The annual shopping spree has indicated China’s robust domestic demand and booming market. Singles’ Day, which originated at a university in China in 1990s as a celebration specially for single people, has become a significant shopping holiday since Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba started an online promotion event on November 11, 2009. While Chinese consumers are celebrating this one-day carnival of consumption, people in other countries are also eagerly waiting for another exciting shopping day named Black Friday, the day after Thanksgiving.今年“双十一”淘宝销售额再创新高。这一年度购物狂欢展现出中国强劲的内需和蓬勃发展的消费市场。兴起于20世纪90年代的“双十一”本为“光棍节”,是几名中国大学生专为单身人士创造的节日。而在2009年,中国电商巨头阿里巴巴在当年11月11日发起了一场网上促销活动,从那以后,“双十一”便成为了重要的购物节。当中国消费者纷纷沉浸在购物狂欢中时,其他国家的人们也正满怀期待地准备迎接另一个激动人心的购物日——感恩节之后的“黑色星期五”。The term “Black Friday” was first used to refer to the day following Thanksgiving in 1950s, because many workers called in sick on the day after Thanksgiving, which is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November, in order to have a four-day weekend. Then the term was linked with shopping when it was used by the police in Philadelphia to describe the horrible crowding and traffic congestion accompanying the start of the Christmas shopping season after Thanksgiving. It is also said that this day got its name because it enabled retailers to make huge profits, thus going from being "in the red" to being "in the black".“黑色星期五”始于20世纪50年代,用以指代感恩节后的周五,当时在感恩节(即每年十一月的第四个周四)之后,很多人会请一天病假,这样一来便可以连休四天。而这一天之所以与购物联系起来,是因为当时美国费城的警察用“黑色星期五”来形容感恩节过后圣诞购物季开启时那人潮涌动、交通拥堵的可怕场面。另外一种说法则是,这一天之所以用“黑色”命名,是因为商家们在这一天可以大赚一笔,从而扭亏为盈,账本由红转黑(商家记账时会用不同颜色的墨水,红色表示赤字即亏损,黑色表示盈利)。Now Black Friday is one of the busiest shopping days in the United States and some other countries. Many U.S. consumers look to Black Friday to make big purchases, like flat-screen TVs, laptops and household appliances, at a discount. Unlike China’s Singles’ Day which is born as an online shopping festival, Black Friday originally started at brick-and-mortar stores. Almost all retailers across the country offer enticing one-day-only sales and doorbuster deals on this day. Some retailers even extend their opening hours in order to win a competitive edge. These, however, have inevitably caused severe traffic jam and overcrowding in stores. What’s worse, frenzied crowds competing for discounted merchandise have even resulted in violence and injuries.“黑色星期五”如今已是美国和其他部分国家最为繁忙的购物日之一。许多美国消费者都等着在这一天购买一些打折的大件商品,如平板电视、笔记本电脑、家用电器等。“黑色星期五”与“双十一”的一个不同之处在于,“双十一”从一开始就是一个网上购物节,而“黑色星期五”则诞生于实体店。这一天,全国各地几乎所有商店都会推出诱人的打折促销计划和开门大抢购,而且活动仅此一天。有些商家还会延长营业时间,以赢得更大的竞争优势。但这些往往难以避免地导致交通严重拥堵,各个门店拥挤不堪。更糟糕的是,一些疯狂的消费者为了抢购打折商品,甚至做出暴力举动,出手伤人。Nowadays, as more and more people tend to prefer online shopping, Black Friday deals are offered both in-store and online. Besides, in order to encourage online spending, a shopping festival in cyberspace named Cyber Monday was created in 2005, allowing people to keep going on a spending spree on the Monday after Black Friday. You may wonder why it is Cyber Monday rather than Cyber Saturday or Sunday. It is said that because of the low Internet connections at home, people at that time preferred to use fast computers and high-speed connections at their offices when they went back to work on Monday.如今,随着越来越多的消费者更喜欢网上购物,黑色星期五的折扣人们在线上线下都能享受得到。除此之外,为了鼓励网上消费,“网络星期一”这一网上购物节于2005年应运而生。“黑色星期五”过后,人们又可以在下周一继续纵情消费了。也许你会好奇,为何是“网络星期一”而不是接下来的周六或周日呢?据说,这是因为那时候人们家里的网速较慢,大家往往更喜欢在周一回到单位上班后使用办公室里速度更快的电脑和网络。Besides Singles’ Day, Black Friday and Cyber Monday, there are other shopping holidays around the world. For example, in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and some other countries, Boxing Day, which is the day after Christmas, is also an important day for shoppers. It is common to see long queues form early in the morning of 26 December, hours before the opening of shops offering the big sales. Many retailers even started their sales before 26 December and keep running the promotions up to New Year's Eve.除了“双十一”、“黑色星期五”、“网络星期一”之外,世界各地还有各种各样的购物节。例如,在英国、加拿大、澳大利亚等国,圣诞节之后的节礼日也是一个重要的购物日。12月26日这天清晨,经常可以看到在很多打折促销的商店的门口,开门前几个小时就已经早早地排上了长队。不少商家还会在12月26日前就抢先开始打折活动,并一直持续促销到跨年夜。VOCABULARYspree n. 狂欢,毫无节制地做某事call in sick 打电话请病假flat-screen adj. 平板的brick-and-mortar stores 实体店enticing adj. 诱人的(entice v. 诱使)doorbuster deals 开门大抢购frenzied adj. 疯狂的,狂乱的

练习 | VOA常速:互联网依赖性不断增强

VOA常速:互联网依赖性不断增强燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTJust over 60 percent of the world now has access to the Internet, and in developed countries, there are computers everywhere at work, school and home, and even at ourfingertips. But according to the World Health Organization, excessive use of Internet, cell phones, gaming and other platforms can have negative health consequences, and physicians are still learning how to deal with this troubling trend. “Internet addiction is an illness both physical andpsychiatric. Lately, it has become high in our agendas.” Rahmi Aktepe is the president of Turkish Association of Information Technologies. “It’s actually more dangerous than anyother type of addictions because we know that other addictions are completely harmful and bad, for example, we advise people to quit cigarette or drug addiction. Internet addiction, on the other hand, is different.”Different? Because sometimes it can be hard topinpointa specific harm. “Internet addiction can also be called technology addiction, taking selfies, using mobile phones are different aspects of this. This is a psychological disease, but it does not have a medical cure. It needs to be tackled with education. There has to be deliberate studies on this.” Just over 75 percent of the Turkish people between the age of 16 to 74 used the Internet in 2019 according to research done by the Turkish Statistical Institute. As a nation,88.3percent of Turkish homes have access to the Internet, but even as Internet overuse is still being debated by experts, it is clear that children are the mostvulnerable.“Kids choose their parents as a role model, families should be a little more careful about Internet computer and smartphone usage, parents should not overuse these devices in front of their children, they should also monitor and limit their kid’s screen time, to say an hour or two hours, depending on the kid’s age, parents should be well disciplined when it comes to their kid’s Internet usage.” The World Health Organization says excessive use of Internet, cell phones and other technology is increasing so much, it now considers it a significant health problem.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/597741.shtmluVOCABULARY1.fingertipsn.(常用复数)the end of the finger that is furthest from the hand指尖(习语1)have sth. at your fingertips: to have the information, knowledge, etc. that is needed in a particular situation and be able to find it easily and use it quickly掌握(信息等);熟悉,精通(知识等);对……了如指掌;有……随时可供使用。(习语2)to your fingertips: (British English) in every way完全;十足。例如:She's a perfectionist to her fingertips.她是个道道地地的完美主义者。2.psychiatricadj. relating to psychiatry or to mental illness精神病的;精神病学的。例如:la psychiatric hospital / nurse精神病医院/护理人员lpsychiatric treatment精神病治疗lpsychiatric disorders精神紊乱3.pinpointn. to be able to give the exact reason for sth. or to describe sth. exactly准确解释(或说明)。例如:The report pinpointed the areas most in need of help.报告精确说明了亟待援助的地区。4.vulnerableadj.vulnerable (to sb. / sth.)weak and easily hurt physically or emotionally(身体上或感情上)脆弱的,易受…伤害的。例如:lto be vulnerable to attack易受攻击lShe looked very vulnerable standing there on her own.她独自站在那里,看上去弱不禁风。lIn cases of food poisoning, young children are especially vulnerable.遇到食物中毒,幼儿尤其容易受危害。lThe sudden resignation of the financial director put the company in a very vulnerable position.财务部主管的突然辞职使得这家公司岌岌可危。uEXERCISESRead the statements. Thendecidewhether the followingstatementsare true(ü)or false(û).q1. According to the World Health Organization, excessive use of Internet can have both positive and negative health consequences.q2. Internet addiction is an illness both physical and psychiatric.q3. Internet addiction is a psychological disease, and it has a medical cure.q4. Internet addiction needs to be tackled with education.q5. It is clear that children and women are the most vulnerable with Internet addiction.q6. According to the World Health Organization, excessive use of Internet, cell phones and other technology is a significant health problem.uKEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.ý1. According to the World Health Organization, excessive use of Internet can haveboth positive and negativehealth consequences. 正确表达:According to the World Health Organization, excessive use of Internet can havenegativehealth consequences.þ2. Internet addiction is an illness both physical and psychiatric.ý3. Internet addiction is a psychological disease,and it hasa medical cure. 正确表达:Internet addiction is a psychological disease,but it does not havea medical cure.þ4. Internet addiction needs to be tackled with education.ý5. It is clear thatchildren and womenare the most vulnerable with Internet addiction. 正确表达:It is clear thatchildrenare the most vulnerable with Internet addiction.þ6. According to the World Health Organization, excessive use of Internet, cell phones and other technology is a significant health problem.

“影响者”的影响力

邓晶 供稿During the recent Singles’ Day shopping frenzy, Li Jiaqi has again proved his influences as an online celebrity, attracting millions of viewers to his live broadcast on the e-commerce platform Taobao. Dubbed “iron-lipped man”, this male beauty blogger in his 20s once tested over 300 types of lipstick on his lips in a seven-hour live video streaming. His effort and competence earned trust from his audience and makeup brands. It took him less than a year to increase his bank balance to over 10 million yuan.在不久前的“双十一”购物热潮中,网络红人李佳琦在电子商务平台淘宝上的直播吸引了几百万人观看,再次证明了自己的影响力。这位九零后男性美妆博主曾在一次七小时的直播中给300多只口红试色,由此被称为“铁唇哥”。他的敬业与能力赢得了许多观众与美妆品牌的信任,不到一年时间,他的收入已经超过千万人民币。The success of this online celebrity demonstrated the significant impact of a group of people: influencers. An influencer, in this specialized use, refers to a person with the ability to reach a huge audience and persuade others to act based on their recommendations. Not from the entertainment inidustries like traditional celebrities, an influencer may be anyone from a blogger to a celebrity to an an online entrepreneur.这位网络红人的成功显示出“影响者”这个群体不容小觑的影响力。“影响者”在此特指能够接触到大量受众,并且有能力说服他人采纳他们的建议行事的人。与出身于娱乐圈的传统名人不同,“影响者”的身份多样,可能是博主、名人或网络创业者。Most influencers make a living on social meidia. Based on their established credibility in a specific industry, influencers monetize their influences by sharing sponsored social media posts, becoming a brand ambassador and starting their own business.这些“影响者”中的大部分都在社交媒体上谋生。他们依靠自身在特定行业建立的信誉,通过发布广告贴、品牌代言或自主创业等方式将影响力变现。In fact, influencers have a long history in marketing. Initially, companies signed endorsement deals with compelling figures like TV stars and athletes to help sell their products through television and radio ads. The rise of social media has created a new class of celebrity and some of them have seized the opportunities to translate their massive followings into millions of yuan each year. However, if you take a look behind the scene of the wonderful influencer lifestyle, uncertain incomes, performative vulnerability and the hustle for sponsorship can take a toll. Some influencers have quit their social media platforms due to the rise in competition and psychological strain.事实上,“影响者”的营销由来已久。起初企业会请电视明星、运动员等大众信赖的名人来为产品代言,通过电视、广播等渠道进行广告宣传。而社交媒体的兴起创造出一类新的名人,他们当中一些人抓住机遇,将可观的粉丝数转化为每年上百万的收入。然而,他们光鲜的生活背后也不乏隐患,如收入不稳、表现不佳、缺乏赞助等都会给其带来负面影响。因为竞争加剧和心理压力,一些“影响者”最终选择离开社交媒体平台。“In the business world, influencer culture is already an established force,” according to Kevin Roose, a writer for The New York Times. As influenncer marketing moves forward, the key to success will still be a greater sense of trust and credibility between brands and consumers.《纽约时报》专栏作家凯文•罗斯称,“在商业世界,影响者文化已经成为公认的发展推动力”。随着“影响者”营销的进一步发展,成功的关键仍在于培养品牌与消费者之间更牢固的信任感和可信度。VOCABULARYdemonstrate v. 展示entrepreneur n. 创业者endorsement n. 广告宣传take a toll (on) 产生恶果

练习 | VOA词汇掌故:让我们开怀大笑吧

VOA词汇掌故:让我们开怀大笑吧燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTNow, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories. This program explores common expressions in American English. Today we explore a word that does not sound very pleasant —gut.In the medical world, guts are the internal organs of an animal. It's a person's stomach or the part of the body that contains the stomach. So, that's medically speaking.But in our everyday conversations, "guts" mean many different things.In the United States, if you bust a gut you are laughing really, really hard - so hard that your stomach starts to hurt. If you haven't busted a gut in years, maybe you should. It feels good to have a really good laugh.Now, just as our guts are inside of us, the inside parts of a machine are sometimes called guts, too. So, if you gut your computer, you take out all the pieces inside that make it work.That's right, "gut" is also a verb. You can gut something, like a fish. This means you remove its internal organs before cooking it. You can also gut a building by removing everything from the inside. My friend whorenovatedher house, for example, gutted the entire structure first.The most important parts of a business deal or a piece oflegislationcan also be called the guts. And if you gut these things, you remove all the important parts. For example, you could say that after the council member gutted the legislation, it wasn't going to be nearly as effective.Now, let's talk about you.Within you are all your important thoughts, fears, dreams, feelings and secrets. If you spill your guts, you share these things with other people.It's an informal saying but you can use it when talking about any situation. If your best friend has a date and shares all the details with you, she has spilled her guts. Perhaps at work, a co-worker spills his guts when he tells you that his bossy personality actually comes from a deep childhood fear of failing.When spilling your guts, be careful. Remember, once you say something, you cannot take it back!Now, if you strongly dislike someone - I mean really, really hate them - you can say you hate their guts. You hate everything inside them. This is a very harsh statement and sounds a little childish.You know, if you think about it, all those internal organs are important. They may not be pretty, but they keep us alive.So, guts can also mean some really great things. For example, the word "guts" is an informal way of saying "bravery" or "courage." It takes guts to make a very difficult decision.Let's say you want to move to a country where you don't know anyone and don't know the language. You want to make a big change and take a chance!Your friends, who have lived in the same town all their lives, say, "Wow, that takes a lot of guts." For right now, they don't have the guts to make such a big change.This is where we get our expression "no guts, no glory." This means that if you do not have courage to take a risk, you will not be able to achieve a goal or success.It might be scary. But you know in your gut that it's something you must do. Used this way, "gut" means a strong feeling about something.We can also use "gut" as an adjective. For example, your gut feelings are not based in logic or reason. Let's say I'm your best friend. When I hear about your plans to move away, my gut reaction is to ask, even beg, you to stay. But my gut also tells me that this is something you must do. So, I tell you to listen to your gut. Go chase your dream! After a year's time, I finally get the guts to do the same thing. We meet in Paris and then move to Russia to live for a year!As we say, no guts, no glory! And that's the end of this Wordsand Their Stories.Is this body part, the gut, used the same way in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section. I'm Anna Matteo.uVOCABULARY1.gutn.①(可数名词)the tube in the body through which food passes when it leaves the stomach消化道;肠道②guts(复数)the organs in and around the stomach, especially in an animal(尤指动物的)内脏。例如:I'll only cook fish if the guts have been removed.鱼如果已收拾干净,那我只要烧一下就可以了。③(可数名词)(informal) a person's stomach, especially when it is large(尤指大的)胃,肚子(同义词)belly例如:a beer gut (= caused by drinking beer)啤酒肚④guts(复数)(informal) the courage and determination that it takes to do sth. difficult or unpleasant勇气;胆量;决心;毅力。例如:He doesn't have the guts to walk away from a well-paid job.他没胆量辞去一份报酬优厚的工作。⑤(可数名词,常用复数)内心;直觉;本能。例如:I had a feeling in my guts that something was wrong.我本能地感到出了事。⑥guts(复数)the most important part of sth.核心;实质;要点。例如:the guts of the problem问题的实质常用习语①have sb.'s guts for garters: (British English, informal) to be very angry with sb. and punish them severely for sth they have done恨死,严惩(某人)②slog / sweat / work your guts out:(informal) to work very hard to achieve sth.拼命工作;拼命干活。例如:I slogged my guts out for the exam.我为这次考试命都豁出去了。2.gutverb.(动词+名词短语)①(常用被动态)to destroy the inside or contents of a building or room损毁(建筑物或房屋的)内部。例如:a factory gutted by fire内部被火焚毁的工厂②to remove the organs from inside a fish or an animal to prepare it for cooking取出…的内脏(以便烹饪)3.gutadj.(只用于名词前)based on feelings and emotions rather than thought and reason以感情为基础的;非理性的;本能的。例如:a gut feeling / reaction本能的感觉/反应4.renovatev.(动词+名词短语)to repair and paint an old building, a piece of furniture, etc. so that it is in good condition again修复;翻新;重新粉刷5.legislationn. a law or a set of laws passed by a parliament法规;法律。例如:an important piece of legislation一条重要的法规uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories. This program explores common expressions in American English. Today we explore a word that does not sound very pleasant - gut.In the medical world, guts are the internal organs of an animal. It's a person's stomach or the part of the body that contains the stomach. So, that's[Q1] _______________.But in our everyday conversations, "guts" mean many different things.In the United States, if you [Q2] _____________________________ you are laughing really, really hard - so hard that your stomach starts to hurt. If you haven't busted a gut in years, maybe you should. It feels good to have a really good laugh.Now, just as our guts are inside of us,the inside parts of a machineare sometimes called guts, too. So, if you gut your computer, you take out all the pieces inside that make it work.That's right, "gut" is also a verb. You can gut something, like a fish. This means you remove its internal organs before cooking it. You can also gut a building by removing everything from the inside. My friend who renovated her house, for example,[Q3] __________________________________________first.The most important parts of a business deal or a piece of legislation can also be called the guts. And if you gut these things, you remove all the important parts. For example, you could say that after the council member gutted the legislation, it wasn't going to be nearly as effective.Now, let's talk about you.Within you are all your important thoughts, fears, dreams, feelings and secrets. If you [Q4] _________________________, you share these things with other people.It's an informal saying but you can use it when talking about any situation. If your best friend has a date and shares all the details with you, she has spilled her guts. Perhaps at work, a co-worker spills his guts when he tells you that his bossy personality actually comes from a deep childhood fear of failing. When spilling your guts, be careful. Remember, once you say something, you cannot [Q5] ____________________________!Now, if you strongly dislike someone - I mean really, really hate them - you can say you [Q6] _______________________________. You hate everything inside them. This is a very harsh statement and sounds a little childish.You know, if you think about it, all those internal organs are important. They may not be pretty, but they keep us alive. So, guts can also mean some really great things. For example, the word "guts" is an informal way of saying "bravery" or "[Q7] _____________________." It takes guts to make a very difficult decision.Let's say you want to move to a country where you don't know anyone and don't know the language. You want to make a big change and take a chance!Your friends, who have lived in the same town all their lives, say, "Wow, that takes a lot of guts." For right now, they don't [Q8] ______________________________ to make such a big change.This is where we get our expression "no guts, no glory." This means that if you do not have courage to take a risk, you will not be able to achieve a goal or success.It might be scary. But you know in your gut that it's something you must do. Used this way, "gut" means a strong feeling about something.We can also use "gut" as an adjective. For example, your [Q9] _____________________ are not based in logic or reason. Let's say I'm your best friend. When I hear about your plans to move away, my gut reaction is to ask, even beg, you to stay. But my gut also tells me that this is something you must do. So, I tell you to [Q10] ______________________________. Go chase your dream! After a year's time, I finally get the guts to do the same thing. We meet in Paris and then move to Russia to live for a year!As we say, no guts, no glory! And that's the end of this Wordsand Their Stories.Is this body part, the gut, used the same way in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section. I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories. This program explores common expressions in American English. Today we explore a word that does not sound very pleasant - gut.In the medical world, guts are the internal organs of an animal. It's a person's stomach or the part of the body that contains the stomach. So, that's[Q1]medicallyspeaking.But in our everyday conversations, "guts" mean many different things.In the United States, if you [Q2]bust a gutyou are laughing really, really hard - so hard that your stomach starts to hurt. If you haven't busted a gut in years, maybe you should. It feels good to have a really good laugh.Now, just as our guts are inside of us,the inside parts of a machineare sometimes called guts, too. So, if you gut your computer, you take out all the pieces inside that make it work.That's right, "gut" is also a verb. You can gut something, like a fish. This means you remove its internal organs before cooking it. You can also gut a building by removing everything from the inside. My friend who renovated her house, for example,[Q3]guttedthe entire structurefirst.The most important parts of a business deal or a piece of legislation can also be called the guts. And if you gut these things, you remove all the important parts. For example, you could say that after the council member gutted the legislation, it wasn't going to be nearly as effective.Now, let's talk about you.Within you are all your important thoughts, fears, dreams, feelings and secrets. If you [Q4]spill your guts, you share these things with other people.It's an informal saying but you can use it when talking about any situation. If your best friend has a date and shares all the details with you, she has spilled her guts. Perhaps at work, a co-worker spills his guts when he tells you that his bossy personality actually comes from a deep childhood fear of failing. When spilling your guts, be careful. Remember, once you say something, you cannot [Q5]take it back!Now, if you strongly dislike someone - I mean really, really hate them - you can say you [Q6]hate their guts. You hate everything inside them. This is a very harsh statement and sounds a little childish.You know, if you think about it, all those internal organs are important. They may not be pretty, but they keep us alive. So, guts can also mean some really great things. For example, the word "guts" is an informal way of saying "bravery" or "[Q7]courage." It takes guts to make a very difficult decision.Let's say you want to move to a country where you don't know anyone and don't know the language. You want to make a big change and take a chance!Your friends, who have lived in the same town all their lives, say, "Wow, that takes a lot of guts." For right now, they don't [Q8]have the gutsto make such a big change.This is where we get our expression "no guts, no glory." This means that if you do not have courage to take a risk, you will not be able to achieve a goal or success.It might be scary. But you know in your gut that it's something you must do. Used this way, "gut" means a strong feeling about something.We can also use "gut" as an adjective. For example, your [Q9]gut feelingsare not based in logic or reason. Let's say I'm your best friend. When I hear about your plans to move away, my gut reaction is to ask, even beg, you to stay. But my gut also tells me that this is something you must do. So, I tell you to [Q10]listen to your gut. Go chase your dream! After a year's time, I finally get the guts to do the same thing. We meet in Paris and then move to Russia to live for a year!As we say, no guts, no glory! And that's the end of this Wordsand Their Stories.Is this body part, the gut, used the same way in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section. I'm Anna Matteo.

练习 | VOA慢速:大学生志愿者

VOA慢速:大学生志愿者燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTIn some ways, higher education is a self-serving experience. People often seek a college education because they want to improve their lives. Or, they want to increase their chances at gaining well-paying, interesting and meaningful employment.Even if a person wants to find cures for major diseases or solve homelessness, they must spend years gaining knowledge and training for themselves before they can help others.A person’s college years are usually very busy. It may not seem like they have the time or the freedom to serve anyone but themselves. But Connie Snyder Mick says they actually do. Mick is the academic director of the Center for Social Concerns at the University of Notre Dame in the state of Indiana. Centers like hers exist at many colleges and universities in the United States. Mick says the centers help students seeking an experience that may not be directly related to a student’s academic progress, but that is still important-volunteering.Volunteering is not uncommon in higher education. Many campus groups organize volunteer events orfundraisingefforts for different causes. Officials in charge of student housing often organize such events to help build a sense of community.Involvement in these kinds of activities is good for students, Mick told VOA. For example, the busy nature of college life can create a lot of stress for students. Doing something completely unrelated to a student’s studies or other work can help calm them by putting their mind on other things.For a deeper more meaningful addition to their college experience, Mick urges students to visit centers like the one she heads.She says these centers exist to create volunteer opportunities that are more complex and meaningful than just a day spent cleaning a local park, for example. College students often spend little time getting to know the local community just outside of their campus, Mick notes. Higher education is all about introducing students to new ideas, she says. And these communities may be full of cultures and people that are very different from what the students already know.Campus volunteering offices often partner with local organizers that serve the people of the nearby community. These partnerships help make sure the volunteer efforts are meeting the real needs of that community.Even for students with little interest in finding a connection with the local community, there is still value in what volunteer centers have to offer, Mick says. She notes some opportunities can push students to use what they are learning in the classroom out in the real world. And having that kind of experience can make a student appealing to employers in the years to come."Imagine teaching computer science at a center for people with disabilities," Mick said. "To think about how to apply, more directly, what you’re studying in the classroom in ways that sort of push you to think about it differently can really be a creative space."Volunteering does not necessarily mean finding extra time in the evenings or weekends, she says. More and more schools are asking professors to design courses that include volunteer work."The research shows that when a student goes and has an experience, the learning happens in the reflection, and reflection happens in coursework," Mick said. "So you’re getting that academic credit, but you’re also having an experience that’s thoughtful, that gives you times to do research and to think deeply about that in a way that’s connected to your academic interests."Campus volunteer centers can help studentsidentifyclasses that offer these kinds of experiences. The centers also can let students know if their school offers any volunteering-based trips during breaks between study terms. Mick says such trips can be a meaningful way to spend free time and explore other places.I’m Pete Musto.uVOCABULARY1.fundraisingn.筹款;募捐2.identifyv. to find or discover sb./sth.找到;发现。用法:①(动词+名词短语)例如:lScientists have identified a link between diet and cancer.科学家发现了饮食与癌症之间的关联。lAs yet they have not identified a buyer for the company.迄今为止他们还没有为公司找到买主。②(动词+ wh-从句)例如:They are trying to identify what is wrong with the present system.他们正试图弄清现行制度的弊端所在。uEXERCISESListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.1. Why do people seek a college education?A.To improve their lives or have better jobs.B.To improve their lives.C.To increase their job chances. D.To find cures for major diseases or solve homelessness.2. Which of the following statements is FALSE?A.Volunteering is common in higher education.B. Involvement in volunteer activities is good for students.C.Volunteering means finding extra time in the evenings or weekends.D.More and more schools are asking professors to design courses that include volunteer work.uKEY1. A。细节题。命题出处:In some ways, higher education is a self-serving experience. People often seek a college educationbecause they want to improve their lives. Or, they want to increase their chances at gaining well-paying, interesting and meaningful employment.2. C。推断题。题干问:那一句陈述是错误的?答案应为CVolunteering means finding extra time in the evenings or weekends.原文正确表述为:Volunteeringdoes not necessarily meanfinding extra time in the evenings or weekends, she says.

练习 | BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选

BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTBBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnsongears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure asnapelection. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of leaving without a deal had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had confirmation from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we'regonnago out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic landmark developments in thethree-and-a-half-year political crisis, that is the Brexit process,because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to resist an election that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be aneminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna extend the Brexit process until the end of January.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598299.shtmluVOCABULARY1.gear up:gear up (for/to sth.) | gear sb./sth.↔up (for/to sth.)to prepare yourself /sb. /sth. to do sth.(使)为……作好准备。例如:Cycle organizations are gearing up for National Bike Week.自行车组织正在为全国自行车周活动作准备。2.snapadj.(只用于名词前)made or done quickly and without careful thought or preparation匆忙的;仓促的。例如:lIt was a snap decision.那是个仓促的决定。lThey held a snap election.他们临时举行了选举。3.gonna:(informal, non-standard) a way of saying or writing“going to”in informal speech, when it refers to the future即将,将要(非正式用语,即going to)。例如:What's she gonna do now? 她现在要干什么?4.eminentadj.(常用于名词前) l(of people人)famous and respected, especially in a particular profession(尤指在某专业中)卓越的,著名的,显赫的。例如:an eminent architect著名的建筑师l(of good qualities良好品质) unusual; excellent非凡的;杰出的。例如:a man of eminent good sense极其明智的人uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1] ________________________________,meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2] ____________for his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3] ___________________________.The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4] _______________________________________had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5] __________________________from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6] ___________________________________in thethree-and-a-half year[Q7] ___________________________,that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8] ______________________that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9] __________________no-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10] _________________the Brexit process until the end of January.”uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1]an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2]gears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3]a snap election. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4]leaving without a dealhad been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5]confirmationfrom all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6]landmark developmentsin thethree-and-a-half year[Q7]political crisis, that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8]resist an electionthat some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9]eminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10]extendthe Brexit process until the end of January.”

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组二等奖王妍授课

授课点评:王妍老师的这堂口译课准备充分,步骤清晰,并始终保持与学生积极互动,达到了授课目的。准确迅速把握住说话人的主旨要点,是做好口译工作的一个关键,因此,在口译课堂上将其作为一个训练重点是必须的。王妍老师以两个生动实例作为引子,导出她要学生领会的两个要领,即准确抓住说话人的意图与把握好表述的逻辑。然后又从技术层面将整个口译过程分为几个流程等级,结合课堂实践的具体内容逐一进行讲解,以使学生从理念到语言运用的细节等获得对这一训练项目的较完整认识,效果是好的。整个教学过程体现出她对学生循循善诱的用心,教态从容,且颇具亲和力,这些都值得充分肯定。我认为要真正让学生掌握这项口译的技艺,不仅需要如王妍老师那样设计一个上乘的授课方案,并以最有效方式作课堂演示,还应在授课的最后环节着重强调一下“功夫在课外”的重要性。也就是说,应鼓励学生在课外尽量找些合适的材料强化这方面的自我训练。翻译,特别是口译,从某种意义上讲是一件熟能生巧的事,大量的自我实训有助于提升口译水平,其中就包括对说话人主旨要点的精准把握。需要提醒王妍老师的是,其课堂英语表达还有若干不尽如人意之处,如expect,concept,complex读音不准,although 与but错误并用,at last用错了地方(应该是 finally)等。点评专家:何刚强教授

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