双语阅读 | 喝酒无论多少都会伤脑

No Amount of Drinking Alcohol Is Safe for Brain Health喝酒无论多少都会伤脑王淑怡 供稿While most people believe that an occasional drink won’t do them any harm, there are actually a number of ramificationsfor mental and physical health that can come out of any amount of alcohol consumption. A recent, extensive study of alcohol consumption has confirmed that there is no safe level of alcohol for brain health.大多数人认为偶尔饮酒不会对他们造成任何伤害,然而事实上,无论饮酒量多少,都会对人的心理和身体健康产生一定不良影响。最近,一项关于饮酒的广泛研究表明,对于大脑健康来说,饮酒量没有“安全标准”。Effects on the Brain’s Gray Matter饮酒对大脑灰质的影响A study conducted by researchers from the University of Oxford that involved over 25,000 individuals concluded that there is no safe dose of alcohol for the brain. Scans of the study participants revealed that their drinking, regardless of the amount they consumed, had a negative effect on their brain’s gray matter.牛津大学的研究人员对超过2.5万人进行了研究后发现,饮酒没有“安全剂量”,只要喝酒就会对大脑产生影响。对研究对象的扫描结果显示,饮酒无论多少都会对大脑的灰质产生消极影响。Negatively Associated with Brain Health饮酒与大脑健康呈现负相关The researchers stated that the consumption of alcohol was “linearlyand negatively associated with indicesof brain health across most of the brain.” Even moderate consumption was associated with adverse effects on the brain, andthose who binge drinkmay be more susceptible to alcohol’s effects.研究人员表示,饮酒“与大脑大部分区域的大脑健康指数呈线性负相关”。即使是适度的饮酒也会对大脑产生不利影响,而酗酒者可能更容易受到酒精的影响。The researchers advised that the current “low risk” drinking guidelines should be revisited. Adverse effects of alcohol on the brain were no different in study participants who consumed wine, beer, or liquor, indicating that the type of alcohol was not a factor in the negative impact on brain health.研究人员建议,应该重新审视目前“低风险”的饮酒准则。酒精对大脑的不利影响在饮用葡萄酒、啤酒或白酒的研究对象中没有任何区别,这表明酒的类型不是改变酒精对大脑健康产生负面影响的因素。Individuals at Higher Risk高风险人群Although all study participants who consumed alcohol in any amount were found to have impacted brain health, certain individuals were at higher risk. Those with characteristics such as obesity, high blood pressure, or binge drinking were more affected. Tony Rao, a visiting clinical fellow in Old Age Psychiatry at King’s College London, stated that “Even at levels of low-risk drinking, there is evidence that alcohol consumption plays a larger role in damage to the brain than previously thought. The (Oxford) study found that this role was greater than many other modifiablerisk factors, such as smoking.”尽管不同饮酒量的研究对象都表明饮酒会影响大脑健康,但某些特定人群的风险更高。肥胖、患有高血压或酗酒的人受到的影响更大。英国伦敦国王学院老年精神病学客座临床研究员托尼·拉奥说:“即使是在低风险的饮酒水平下,有证据表明,饮酒对大脑的损害所起的作用比以前想象的要大。牛津大学的研究发现,这种作用比许多其他可改变的风险因素(如吸烟)更大。”Previous Study先前的研究This most recent research study confirms the findings of a previous study that also determined that no amount of wine, beer, or liquor is safe for overall health. In an analysis of 2016 global alcohol consumption and disease risk, published in The Lancetin 2018, researchers also found that even small amounts of alcohol affected the physical and mental health of the individuals who consumed it.这项最新的研究证实了之前的研究结果,即不论是葡萄酒、啤酒或白酒,只要喝酒就会对人的整体健康造成影响。2018年发表在《柳叶刀》上的一项研究分析了2016年全球酒精消费和疾病风险,研究人员还发现,即使是少量的酒精也会影响饮酒者的身体和精神健康。In the 2018 study, it was reported that alcohol was the leading risk factor for disease and premature death worldwide in women and men between 15 and 49. Alcohol accounted for almost one in 10 deaths, the report stated. Alcohol-related deaths included cardiovasculardiseases and cancer, as well as infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, intentional injury related to alcohol consumption including self-harm and violence, and unintentional injuries resulting from alcohol consumption, including fires and drowning.2018年的这项研究指出,酒精是导致全球范围内15岁到49岁男女患病和早逝的第一大风险因素,近十分之一的人因此丧命。与酒精有关的死亡包括心血管疾病、癌症、传染病(如肺结核)、与饮酒有关的故意伤害(包括自残和暴力),以及饮酒导致的意外伤害(包括火灾和溺水)。That study’s senior author Emmanueal Gakidou, a professor at the University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, said, “The most surprising finding was that even small amounts of alcohol use contribute to health loss globally. We’re used to hearing that a drink or two a day is fine. But the best way to keep healthy is never to touch a drop.”该研究的资深作者、美国华盛顿大学健康指标与评估研究所的教授伊曼纽尔·贾基杜说:“最令人惊讶的发现是,即使是少量的饮酒也会在全球范围内造成健康损失。我们习惯于认为每天喝一两杯有好处,而对身体最好的做法是——滴酒不沾。”【VOCABULARY】1.ramificationn.(尤指最初并不明显的)后果2.gray matter头脑;智力;脑部和脊椎的灰色神经组织3.linearlyadj.成直线地;在线上地4.index n.指数5.binge drink酗酒;豪饮6.modifiableadj.可修饰的;可更改的7.premature death过早死亡;早逝8.cardiovascular adj. 心血管的9.tuberculosisn. 肺结核;结核病(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 减肥是否应该不吃晚饭?

Should You Skip Dinner to Lose Weight?减肥是否应该不吃晚饭?王淑怡 供稿There's an old saying about healthy eating: “Breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and supper like a pauper.” In other words,front-loadmore calories in the early part of the day. But does that mean you should be skipping dinner if you want to lose weight?The short answer: Not necessarily.关于健康饮食有一句老话,“早餐吃得像国王,午餐吃得像王子,晚餐吃得像乞丐”。也就是说,你可以在早上摄入更多的卡路里。但是,这是否意味着如果你想减肥,就应该不吃晚餐?答案是,未必如此。In a January 2021 Nutrientsstudy, researchers found that college-aged students who regularly skipped dinner gained more weight than their counterparts who — for the most part — ate dinner daily. Dinner-skippers gained about 10 percent of their body weight over the six-year study period and were also more likely to be in the overweight/obese category (BMI≥25kg/m2). These findings were consistent in both people assigned male at birth and people assigned female at birth.2021年1月,在《营养素》(Nutrients)的一项研究中,研究人员发现,在大多数情况下,经常不吃晚餐的大学生比每天吃晚餐的大学生体重增加得更多。在六年的研究期间,不吃晚餐的人体重大约增加了10%,而且更有可能属于超重或肥胖人群(体重指数≥25kg/m2),以上结果对于男女来说均是如此。“People who skip dinner still eat throughout the evening, they just tend to eat more snack-like foods, which is what would lead to weight gain,” saysa researcher,“From my experience, [dinner-skippers] most likely load up on snacks that tend to lack nutrition, are low in fiber and protein, and high in sugar and carbs. These types of food rarely fill you up butcan lead to eating more.”“不吃晚餐的人晚上仍然会吃东西,他们只是倾向于吃更多零食类的食物,这是导致他们体重增加的原因,”一名研究人员表示,“根据我的经验,[不吃晚餐的人]最可能吃的零食往往缺乏营养,纤维和蛋白质含量低,而糖和碳水化合物含量高。这类食物无法让你吃饱,反而会让你吃得更多。”Still, there's other research that indicates skipping dinner could encourage weight loss. For instance, the research, based on a seven-year dietary analysis of 50,000 adults, found that body weight, measured by body mass index, corresponds with when we eat and how often we eat. Specifically, people who eat larger breakfasts and adopt an 18-hour overnight fast, say from 1 pm to 7 am, have the lowest body weights. Those who ate more than three meals, or three meals plus snacks, had higher BMIs.不过,还有其他的研究证明,不吃晚饭有利于减肥。例如,在对五万名成年人长达七年的饮食分析的基础上,有研究发现体重指数与进食时间和进食频率相关。具体而言,早餐吃得多、18小时(下午1点至早上7点)空腹的人,体重指数最低。一天吃三顿以上,或者三餐加零食,体重指数会更高一些。Skipping dinner seems to work in the above study because participants were essentially intermittent fastingversus forgoing dinner and then having a snackfest later in the evening.“When people implement intermittent fasting, skipping dinner can be a powerful weight-loss tool,” says theresearcher, “this type of fasting is called circadian rhythmfasting and mimicsour traditional eating patterns.The goal is to eat when the sun comes up and finish eating when the sun goes down. Eating in line with your circadian rhythms can make for better weight managementas well as improved sleep, etc.”在上述研究中,不吃晚餐似乎很有效,但这是因为参与者基本是间歇性禁食,而不是不吃晚餐,然后在晚上吃零食。“当人们采用间歇性禁食法时,不吃晚餐可以成为一个强有力的减肥方式,”研究人员表示,“这种类型的禁食被称为昼夜节律禁食,模仿我们的传统饮食习惯,即在太阳升起和落山时进食。按照昼夜节律进食可以帮助你更好地控制体重,改善睡眠等。”Of course, thisintermittent fasting approach isn't for everyone. People who maintain highly active lifestyles, for instance, and need adequate fuel to power morning runs or help muscle fibers recover from intense evening workouts like weightlifting might not benefit. 当然,这种间歇性禁食并不适合所有人。比如,对那些日常生活高度耗能的人来说,这种禁食可能没有益处;他们需要充足的燃料,来为晨跑提供动力、或使肌肉纤维从高强度的夜间锻炼(例如举重)后得到恢复。If you're looking to lose 10 pounds, eating a healthy and light dinner will help your body maintain its functions. Also, dinner is important because after a long day full of activities, your body needs to fuel up. It is unhealthy if you skip your dinner or consume way too much for dinner. So, the key is to maintain balance. 如果你想要减重10磅,吃一顿健康和清淡的晚餐能够帮助你的身体维持各项功能。此外,晚餐十分重要,因为经过一整天的活动,你的身体需要补充能量。如果你不吃晚餐或晚餐吃得太多,都是不健康的,关键是要保持平衡。【VOCABULARY】1.paupern.乞丐;穷人;靠救济度日者2.front-loadv.将(费用、经历等)更多地用于前期3.nutrient n.营养物4.BMI n.体重指数(body mass index的缩写)5.intermittent fasting间歇性禁食;断食疗法6.circadian rhythm[生理] 生理节律;[生理] 近昼夜节律;日周期节律7.mimicsv.模仿(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 为什么你和镜子里的自己看上去不一样?

Why Do You Look Different In A Mirror?为什么你和镜子里的自己看上去不一样?王淑怡 供稿Usually the greatest fear after a wild night of partying isn't what you said that you might regret, but how you'll look in your friends' photos. If you left home looking like a 10, those awkward group selfies make you feel more like a 5, prompting you to wonder, "Why do I look different in pictures?" It's a weird phenomenon that is making people question their own mirrors. Are pictures the "real" you or is it your reflection? Have mirrors been lying to us this whole time?通常,一夜的狂欢派对过后最令你恐惧的不是你说了什么可能会让你后悔的事情,而是你在朋友拍的照片中长什么样子。如果你离开家时的样子是10分,那么,那些令人尴尬的自拍合照让你觉得自己只有5分,你不禁思考,“为什么我在照片中看起来不一样?”这是一个奇怪的现象,它让人们对自己的镜子产生了怀疑。照片和镜像,哪一个才是“真实”的你?镜子一直在对我们撒谎吗?The answer to that is a bit tricky. The good news is that there's a big chance that Quasimodo-looking creature that stares back at you in your selfies isn't an accurate depiction of the real you. But your mirror isn't completely truthful either.问题的答案可能有点绕。好消息是,在你的自拍中长得像卡西莫多的那个人有很大概率不是你最真实的样子。然而,你在镜子里看到的也不完全是真实的自己。The mirror is a reflection. It's not the real you.镜子里的只是你的映像,并不是真实的你Although we're the most comfortable and familiar with the face staring back at us while we brush our teeth in the morning, the mirror isn't really the real us. It's a reflection, so it shows how we look like in reverse. Because we're so used to seeing the reverse version of ourselves, seeing how we look in pictures can be jarring. And unless you're blessed with a perfectly symmetrical face, the photo version of yourself can be even more wonky.在我们早上刷牙时,镜子里的脸是我们最为舒服、熟悉的,但这不是我们真实的样子。它只是一个映像,呈现的是我们翻转过来的样貌。因为我们早已习惯了镜子中翻转的自己,所以看到照片难免会觉得令人不快。除非你有幸长了一张完美对称的脸,否则照片里的形象还要更加靠不住。“We see ourselves in the mirror all the time—you brush your teeth, you shave, you put on makeup,” Pamela Rutledge, director of the Media Psychology Center, told The Atlantic. “Looking at yourself in the mirror becomes a firm impression. You have that familiarity. Familiarity breeds liking. You’ve established a preference for that look of your face.”媒体心理中心主任帕梅拉·拉特利奇在接受《大西洋月刊》采访时说:“我们总是通过镜子看自己——刷牙、刮胡子和化妆的时候都是。你已经把镜子里的模样已铭刻在心,非常熟悉了。熟悉就会带来喜爱。你已经对这副样貌产生了偏好。”Scientists call this the "mere-exposure" effect. Basically, it's a behavior concocted by psychologist Robert Zajonc that says people react favorably to things they're most familiar with. So, when you see a flipped version of yourself, you immediately hate it or even find it grotesque because it's the opposite of what you're used to.科学家将这种现象称为“曝光效应”。简单来说,这是由心理学家罗伯特·扎荣茨提出的一种行为,即人们会对自己最为熟悉的事物产生好感。因此,当你看到翻转过来的自己时,你会立即产生厌恶心理,甚至觉得它很怪异,因为它与你所习惯的样子截然相反。The camera lens also plays a part.相机的镜头也在作祟So if your reflection isn't the real you, does that mean your ugly selfies are your "true self"? Although mirrors show a flipped version of yourself, the myth that "pictures never lie" isn't completely true either. After all, most people take more than one selfie before they find their most flattering one, and usually it takes a combination of angles and lighting before landing one Instagram-worthy.那么,如果镜像并非真实的你,这是否意味着不好看的自拍才展现了“真实的自己”?虽然镜子呈现的是我们翻转过来的样子,但“照片从不说谎”的神话也不完全属实。毕竟,大多数人自拍的时候不会只拍一张,然后会结合拍摄角度和灯光挑出一张最动人、最符合Instagram审美的再上传。But the problem might not be your angles, it could be lens distortion. Because of the proximity of your face to the camera, the lens can distort certain features, making them look larger than they are in real life. Depending on your features, if you have a soft, round face, photos can flatten your features and further distort the "real" you.但问题可能不在于你的拍摄角度,而在于镜头畸变。由于你的脸离相机很近,镜头会扭曲某些特征,使它们看起来比现实中的更大。根据你的脸部特征,如果你的脸庞柔和圆润,照片会弱化你的特点,进一步扭曲“真实”的你。Your smile could also be the culprit.你的笑容也是一个原因Everyone knows what it's like to pose for an awkward photo, like a driver's license or a passport. The photos never turn out looking nice, and they hardly look like our natural smiles. When you're looking at yourself in the mirror, you're relaxed, confident, and more likely to smile and act naturally. If someone shouting "Say cheese!" at you, maybe you're going to tense up and have a photo that looks different and foreign from the version you see in the mirror. It's best to relax when taking pictures and try to focus on something else. That tense, forced awkwardness will always translate to a bad photo.我们都知道,摆拍一张尴尬的照片是怎样的,比如驾驶执照或护照。这些照片都不好看,而且笑容也很不自然。当你照镜子时,你会相对放松和自信,笑容、举止也会更自然一点。如果有人对你喊“茄子!”,你可能就会紧张起来,拍出的照片与你在镜子里看到的自己截然不同,让你感到陌生。因此,拍照时最好能够放松,把注意力转移到其他事情上。紧张、被迫的尴尬表情往往会变成一张糟糕的照片。【VOCABULARY】1.Quasimodo n. 卡西莫多(维克多·雨果的小说《巴黎圣母院》中的驼背人的名字)2.jarring adj. 令人不快的3.symmetrical adj. 对称的4.wonky adj. 不稳的,歪斜的;靠不住的5.concoct v. 虚构,杜撰,编造(故事、借口等)6.lens distortion 光学变形;透镜畸变7.culprit n. 引起问题的事物(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | CDC发布最新冠状病毒防控指南

CDC发布最新冠状病毒防控指南CDC releases new coronavirus prevention and control guidance刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTWashing hands, yes. Disinfecting everything, not so much. That's the latest guidance from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, when it comes to the prevention of spreading coronavirus.Last year, the CDC wrote by using disinfectants we can further lower the risk of spreading COVID-19. The government medical agency listed bleach mixed with water as making yourself disinfectant. Now, it's guidance on that has changed. For one thing, the CDC says disinfecting surfaces is usually not necessary unless someone who's sick has been in the home within 24 hours.It's also telling people to be more careful with disinfectants. Last year more calls related to these chemicals were made to poison control centers than there were in 2019 and 2018. The organization says bleach is toxic. It reminds people never to mix it with ammonia and it says it should never be used on food.It also says household cleaners need to be kept off our skin and out of our bodies. Officials say the risk of catching coronavirus off the surfaces we touch is a low especially if surfaces are outside. The main way the disease spreads is when you're nearby someone who has it, particularly if they're spreading droplets by coughing or sneezing. Should we stop cleaning surfaces all together? No.Research shows that in a household where someone has COVID-19, transmission rates are lower when common surfaces are regularly cleaned. The CDC says doing that with soap or detergent is good enough and that doorknobs and light switches are good spots to focus on. What about alternative cleaning methods like LED blue lights and ultrasonic waves?Officials say they don't know yet how effective these methods are. We've talked about how some U.S. colleges are considering COVID vaccine requirements for students though they can apply for exemptions for religious or medical reasons. Experts say it's not clear if universities can legally require the shot and some like Harvard strongly recommends it but don't require it.VOCABULARY1. disinfect v. to clean sth. using a substance that kills bacteria 给……消毒。例如:to disinfect asurface/room/wound给表面 / 房间 / 伤口消毒2. disinfectant n. 消毒剂,杀菌剂3. bleach n. 漂白剂4. toxic adj. 有毒的5. ammonia n. 氨;氨水6. household n. all the people living together in a house 一家人;家庭;同住一所房子的人。例如:Most households now own at least one car. 大多数家庭现在至少有一辆汽车。7. household cleaner家用清洁剂8. droplet n. a small drop of a liquid 小滴9. exemption n. official permission not to do sth. or pay sth. that you would normally have to do or pay 免除;豁免。例如:She was given exemption from the final examination. 她已获准期末免试。QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. The CDC says disinfecting surfaces is usually necessary if someone who's sick has been in the home within 24 hours.2. The CDC says bleach is toxic.3. The government reminds people never to mix bleach with ammonia.4. The CDC says bleach should never be used on clothes.5. The CDC says household cleaners need to be kept off our skin.6. Research shows that in a household where someone has COVID-19, transmission rates are higher when common surfaces are regularly cleaned.7. Harvard university strongly recommends and requires COVID vaccine requirements for students.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(T) 1. The CDC says disinfecting surfaces is usually necessary if someone who's sick has been in the home within 24 hours.(T) 2. The CDC says bleach is toxic.(F) 3. The government reminds people never to mix bleach with ammonia. (正确表达)The CDC reminds people never to mix bleach with ammonia.(F) 4. The CDC says bleach should never be used on clothes. (正确表达) The CDC says bleach should never be used on food.(T) 5. The CDC says household cleaners need to be kept off our skin.(F) 6. Research shows that in a household where someone has COVID-19, transmission rates are higher when common surfaces are regularly cleaned. (正确表达) Research shows that in a household where someone has COVID-19, transmission rates are lower when common surfaces are regularly cleaned.(F) 7. Harvard university strongly recommends and requires COVID vaccine requirements for students. (正确表达) Harvard university strongly recommends COVID vaccine requirements for students but don't require it.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 香港教师打破女性最快登顶珠峰世界记录

香港教师打破女性最快登顶珠峰世界记录A Hong Kong teacher has broken the world record for the fastest woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest燕山大学 刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThis is VOA News. Via remote, I'm Marissa Melton. Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro promised the Yanomami indigenous people in remarks released Sunday that there will be no mining on their land unless they want it. The right-wing president's remarks come amid charges by the Yanomami that their lands are being seized and they themselves are coming under attack from people mining illegally. The government is preparing a law to regulate mining on lands assigned to indigenous peoples. The Yanomami people have been warning since last year of tense conditions on their vast reserve of 96,000 square kilometers. It's home to some 27,000 indigenous people.Thousands marched in Columbia's capital Bogota on Sunday, waving flags and dressed in white to demand an end to protests and roadblocks as well as express support for security forces following a month of demonstrations. Talks between the government and national protest leaders are to restart on Sunday after stalling last week. Widespread protests began at the end of April in opposition to a now-withdrawn tax reform plan but they have since expanded to call for a basic income, opportunities for young people and to end police violence.Two record-breaking climbers have returned safely from the summit of Mt. Everest where climbing teams have struggled with bad weather and a coronavirus outbreak. Arthur Muir, a retired attorney from Chicago, has become the oldest American to scale the mountain at age 75. Also Tsang Yin-hung, a teacher from Hong Kong, is now the fastest female climber of the world's highest peak. She reached the summit from base camp in 25 hours and 50 minutes. There are only a few days left of good weather on Mt. Everest this year and climbing was closed last year due to the pandemic. Nepal is currently in lockdown battling its worst surged so far of COVID-19. Via remote, I'm Marissa Melton, VOA News.VOCABULARY1. indigenous adj. 本土的;土著的2. roadblocks n. 路障。例如:The city police set up roadblocks to check passing vehicles. 该市警察设置了路障检查过往车辆。3. attorney n. 律师QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is VOA News. Via remote, I'm Marissa Melton. Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro promised the Yanomami indigenous people in remarks released Sunday that there will be no mining on their land unless they want it. The right-wing president's remarks come amid charges by the Yanomami that their lands are being seized and they themselves are coming under attack from people mining illegally. The government is preparing a law to (Q1) ________________ mining on lands assigned to indigenous peoples. The Yanomami people have been warning since last year of tense conditions on their vast (Q2) __________________ of 96,000 square kilometers. It's home to some 27,000 indigenous people.Thousands marched in Columbia's capital Bogota on Sunday, waving flags and dressed in white to demand an end to (Q3) _________________ and roadblocks as well as express support for security forces following a month of (Q4) ____________________. Talks between the government and national protest leaders are to restart on Sunday after stalling last week. Widespread protests began at the end of April in opposition to a now-withdrawn tax reform plan but they have since expanded to call for a basic income, opportunities for young people and to end (Q5) __________________.Two record-breaking climbers have returned safely from the summit of Mt. Everest where climbing teams have struggled with bad weather and a coronavirus outbreak. Arthur Muir, a retired (Q6) _____________________ from Chicago, has become the oldest American to scale the mountain at age 75. Also Tsang Yin-hung, a (Q7) ___________________ from Hong Kong, is now the fastest (Q8) ____________________ climber of the world's highest peak. She reached the summit from base camp in 25 hours and 50 minutes. There are only a few days left of good weather on Mt. Everest this year and climbing was closed last year due to the (Q9) __________________. Nepal is currently in (Q10) _______________________ battling its worst surged so far of COVID-19. Via remote, I'm Marissa Melton, VOA News.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is VOA News. Via remote, I'm Marissa Melton. Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro promised the Yanomami indigenous people in remarks released Sunday that there will be no mining on their land unless they want it. The right-wing president's remarks come amid charges by the Yanomami that their lands are being seized and they themselves are coming under attack from people mining illegally. The government is preparing a law to (Q1) regulate mining on lands assigned to indigenous peoples. The Yanomami people have been warning since last year of tense conditions on their vast (Q2) reserve of 96,000 square kilometers. It's home to some 27,000 indigenous people.Thousands marched in Columbia's capital Bogota on Sunday, waving flags and dressed in white to demand an end to (Q3) protests and roadblocks as well as express support for security forces following a month of (Q4) demonstrations. Talks between the government and national protest leaders are to restart on Sunday after stalling last week. Widespread protests began at the end of April in opposition to a now-withdrawn tax reform plan but they have since expanded to call for a basic income, opportunities for young people and to end (Q5) police violence.Two record-breaking climbers have returned safely from the summit of Mt. Everest where climbing teams have struggled with bad weather and a coronavirus outbreak. Arthur Muir, a retired (Q6) attorney from Chicago, has become the oldest American to scale the mountain at age 75. Also Tsang Yin-hung, a (Q7) teacher from Hong Kong, is now the fastest (Q8) female climber of the world's highest peak. She reached the summit from base camp in 25 hours and 50 minutes. There are only a few days left of good weather on Mt. Everest this year and climbing was closed last year due to the (Q9) pandemic. Nepal is currently in (Q10) lockdown battling its worst surged so far of COVID-19. Via remote, I'm Marissa Melton, VOA News.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 美国12岁青少年开始接种疫苗

美国12岁青少年开始接种疫苗U.S. authorized vaccines for use in children as young as 12刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThis is VOA News. Reporting by remote, I'm Joe Ramsey. British health officials said Friday the rollout of COVID-19 vaccines in Britain has prevented daily 12,000 deaths and more than 30,000 hospitalizations in older people. Britain has given two-thirds of its adult population at least one shot of COVID-19 vaccine, helping Prime Minister Boris Johnson in his efforts to reopen the economy by the summer. The analysis by government agency Public Health England says the estimate accounts only for the direct effects of vaccines and evidence that vaccines help reduce transmission means the numbers of deaths and hospitalizations is likely higher. There have been 127,000 deaths in Britain from COVID-19 - the sixth highest death toll globally, according to a Reuters analysis.More teenagers in the United States began receiving COVID-19 vaccines on Thursday. U.S. regulators authorized Pfizer's vaccines for use in children as young as 12 earlier in the week, the first coronavirus shot to be approved in the United States for ages 12 to 15. Thursday was the first day the shots went into the arms of the age group in some U.S. states. Vaccinating younger ages is considered an important step for getting children back into school safely.Pfizer repeatedly offered to sell its COVID-19 vaccine to Brazil's Health Ministry between August and November last year but got no answer from the government, Pfizer's chief executive for Latin America told lawmakers on Thursday. A Senate commission is investigating whether President Jair Bolsonaro's government mishandled the pandemic by failing to secure vaccines in time to curb a surge that has killed more than 430,000 Brazilians - the worst COVID-19 death toll outside the United States. The letter went unanswered for two months, the parliamentary commission has established. The Brazilian government eventually negotiated with Pfizer for 100 million doses in a contract signed in March, with the first one million doses arriving in late April. I'm Joe Ramsey, VOA News.VOCABULARY1. rollout n. 首次展示2. hospitalization n.住院治疗3. curb v. to control or limit sth., especially sth. bad 控制,抑制QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is VOA News. Reporting by remote, I'm Joe Ramsey. British health officials said Friday the rollout of COVID-19 vaccines in Britain has prevented daily 12,000 deaths and more than 30,000 (Q1) ________________________ in older people. Britain has given two-thirds of its adult population at least one shot of COVID-19 vaccine, helping Prime Minister Boris Johnson in his efforts to (Q2) _________________________ by the summer. The analysis by government agency Public Health England says the estimate accounts only for the direct effects of vaccines and evidence that vaccines help (Q3) _________________________________ means the numbers of deaths and hospitalizations is likely higher. There have been 127,000 deaths in Britain from COVID-19 - the sixth highest death toll globally, according to a Reuters analysis.More teenagers in the United States began receiving COVID-19 vaccines on Thursday. U.S. regulators authorized Pfizer's vaccines for use in (Q4) ___________________ as young as 12 earlier in the week, the first coronavirus shot to be approved in the United States for ages 12 to 15. Thursday was the first day the shots went into the arms of the age group in some U.S. states. (Q5) __________ younger ages is considered an important step for getting children back into school safely.Pfizer repeatedly offered to (Q6) _______________ its COVID-19 vaccine to Brazil's Health Ministry between August and November last year but got no answer from the government, Pfizer's chief (Q7) __________________ for Latin America told (Q8) ________________ on Thursday. A Senate commission is investigating whether President Jair Bolsonaro's government mishandled the pandemic by failing to (Q9) _______________ vaccines in time to curb a surge that has killed more than 430,000 Brazilians - the worst COVID-19 death toll outside the United States. The letter went unanswered for two months, the parliamentary commission has established. The Brazilian government eventually negotiated with Pfizer for 100 million doses in a (Q10) _____________ signed in March, with the first one million doses arriving in late April. I'm Joe Ramsey, VOA News.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is VOA News. Reporting by remote, I'm Joe Ramsey. British health officials said Friday the rollout of COVID-19 vaccines in Britain has prevented daily 12,000 deaths and more than 30,000 (Q1) hospitalizations in older people. Britain has given two-thirds of its adult population at least one shot of COVID-19 vaccine, helping Prime Minister Boris Johnson in his efforts to (Q2) reopen the economy by the summer. The analysis by government agency Public Health England says the estimate accounts only for the direct effects of vaccines and evidence that vaccines help (Q3) reduce transmission means the numbers of deaths and hospitalizations is likely higher. There have been 127,000 deaths in Britain from COVID-19 - the sixth highest death toll globally, according to a Reuters analysis.More teenagers in the United States began receiving COVID-19 vaccines on Thursday. U.S. regulators authorized Pfizer's vaccines for use in (Q4) children as young as 12 earlier in the week, the first coronavirus shot to be approved in the United States for ages 12 to 15. Thursday was the first day the shots went into the arms of the age group in some U.S. states. (Q5) Vaccinating younger ages is considered an important step for getting children back into school safely.Pfizer repeatedly offered to (Q6) sell its COVID-19 vaccine to Brazil's Health Ministry between August and November last year but got no answer from the government, Pfizer's chief (Q7) executive for Latin America told (Q8) lawmakers on Thursday. A Senate commission is investigating whether President Jair Bolsonaro's government mishandled the pandemic by failing to (Q9) secure vaccines in time to curb a surge that has killed more than 430,000 Brazilians - the worst COVID-19 death toll outside the United States. The letter went unanswered for two months, the parliamentary commission has established. The Brazilian government eventually negotiated with Pfizer for 100 million doses in a (Q10) contract signed in March, with the first one million doses arriving in late April. I'm Joe Ramsey, VOA News.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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