双语阅读 | 肥胖问题不能只看体重

肥胖问题不能只看体重Obesity is not just a matter of weight林晓洁 供稿Obesity should be defined by a person's health - not just by their weight, says a new Canadian clinical guideline.加拿大的一份新临床指南称,肥胖与否应该视健康状况而定,而不只是体重。The guideline, which was published in the Canadian Medical Association Journalon August 4, 2020, specifically admonishedweight-related discriminationagainst patients in the health system. It also advises doctors to go beyond simply recommending diet and exercise. Instead, they should focus on the root causes of weight gain and take a holisticapproach to health.2020年8月4日发表在《加拿大医学协会期刊》上的这一指南特别对医疗系统中针对肥胖症患者的歧视发出了警告。该指南还建议医生不仅仅就膳食和锻炼方面给出医嘱,还应该关注肥胖的根源,从整体的视角来看待健康问题。Ximena· Ramos-Salas, the director of research and policy at Obesity Canada and one of the guideline's authors, said research shows many doctors discriminate against obese patients, and that can lead to worse health outcomes irrespective of their weight. 该指南的作者之一、加拿大肥胖组织的研究和政策主任西米娜·拉莫斯·萨拉斯称,研究显示许多医生对肥胖症患者存在歧视,而这种歧视会令患者的健康恶化,无论他们的体重是多少。Although the latest advice still recommends using diagnosticcriteria like the body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference, it also acknowledges their clinical limitations and says doctors should focus more on how weight impacts a person's health.尽管该指南仍建议人们采用身体质量指数和腰围作为诊断标准,但它也承认了临床治疗的局限性,并表示医生应该更多地关注体重是如何影响一个人的健康的。Small reductions in weight of about 3-5% can lead to health improvements, and an obese person's "best weight" might not be their "ideal weight" according to BMI, the guideline says. It emphasizes that obesity is a complex, chronic condition that needs lifelong management.这份指南指出,体重微降大约3%到5%就可以改善健康,而且一个肥胖者的“最佳体重”可能不是他们根据身体质量指数算出的“理想体重”。该指南也强调,肥胖是一个需要终生管理的复杂慢性病。"For a long time we've associated obesity as a lifestyle behavior. It's always been with shame and blame," Ms. Ramos-Salas says. "But people living with obesity need supports like people living with any other chronic disease."“长期以来,我们一直将肥胖与生活方式关联在一起。肥胖也常常伴随着耻辱和责备。”拉莫斯·萨拉斯女士称,“但肥胖症患者和其他慢性病患者一样需要获得支持。”Weight off is often difficult because the brain will compensate by feeling hungrier, thus encouraging people to eat more. Many studies have shown that most people who lose weight on a diet gain it back. Physicians should work with the obesity patient to focus on health goals that matter to them, instead of just telling them to cut calories.减肥通常很困难,因为大脑会通过饥饿感来补偿自身,从而鼓励人们吃更多东西。许多研究显示,大多数通过节食来减肥的人后来体重又反弹了。因此,医生应该和肥胖症患者一起关注对其有意义的健康目标,而不只仅仅是让患者少吃。Soinstead of simply advising patients to "eat less and move more", the guideline encourages doctors to provide supports such as psychological therapy, medication and bariatricsurgery like gastric-bypasssurgery. But the guideline doesn't completely abandon traditional weight-loss advice. "All individuals, regardless of body size or composition, would benefit from adopting a healthy, well-balanced eating pattern and engaging in regular physical activity," it says.因此,这一指南并没有简单地建议肥胖患者“少吃多动”,而是鼓励医生提供心理治疗、药物治疗和胃绕道手术等肥胖症治疗支持。不过该指南也没有完全舍弃传统的减肥建议。它指出:“所有个体,无论是什么体型或体质,都能从健康平衡的饮食习惯和定期运动中获益。”【VOCABULARY】1.admonish v. 警告 2.discrimination n. 歧视3.holistic adj. 整体的4.diagnostic adj. 诊断的5.bariatricadj.肥胖症治疗的6.gastric-bypass n. 胃绕道手术(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 为什么通勤16分钟是通往幸福之路的关键?

Why the key to happiness is a 16-minute commute?为什么通勤16分钟是通往幸福之路的关键?王淑怡 供稿Many people look forward to a lengthy work commute as it provides them with an opportunity to awaken their senses before entering the office and starting their workday. Others, however, prefer commutes under half an hour in length, as long ones make them feel drainedand exhausted before even stepping foot into their place of work.许多人喜欢漫长的通勤时间,因为这可以让他们在到达办公室、开启一天的工作之前唤醒身体感官。然而,另一些人更喜欢通勤时间在半小时以内,因为长时间的通勤会让他们在到达办公室之前就已经筋疲力尽。It’s perhaps not surprising that our commutes make us miserable. The UK’s Office for National Statistics has found that “commutershave lower life satisfaction, a lower sense that their daily activities are worthwhile, lower levels of happiness and higher anxiety on average than non-commuters”. In fact, if your commute takes longer than an hour, feelings of happiness decrease with every successive minute of travel.If a lengthy commute makes us unhappy, then it should follow that a shorter commute improves our happiness levels.通勤让我们苦不堪言,这也许并不奇怪。英国国家统计局调查发现“相比非通勤人员,通勤人员通常生活满意度较低、更不容易体会到日常活动的意义、幸福指数更低,而焦虑感更高”。事实上,如果你的通勤时间超过一小时,时间每增加一分钟,你的幸福感也会随之相应下降。既然漫长的通勤时间剥夺了我们的幸福感,那么就应该缩短通勤时间,以提高我们的幸福指数。What’s the ideal commutethat is necessary to ensure work efficiency and general happiness? Prepare to be surprised. It turns out that the ideal commute is actually not no commute at all. A study of more than 1,000 workers in San Franciscofound that their ideal one-way commute was 16 minutes. Fewer than two per cent of people wanted a commute time shorter than four minutes, while only 1.2 per cent wanted no commute time at all.多少时间才称得上是理想的通勤,既能保证工作效率,又能确保整体幸福感?答案出乎人们的意料。研究表明理想的通勤并不是完全不需要通勤。通过对旧金山1000多名工人进行调查发现,他们理想中的单程通勤时间为16分钟。只有不到2%的人希望通勤时间小于4分钟,另外仅有1.2%的人希望完全避免通勤。It seems that people do appreciate some separation between work and home – using the travel time as a psychological tool to decompressfrom the day. And it’s backed up by science. An increasing amount of research shows that ‘active commutes’, which involve walking or cycling, can make life better – even as important to wellbeing as a marriage or a pay rise.人们希望办公地点与住所能保持适当的距离,这样他们可以利用这段通勤时间缓解一天的心理压力。这在科学上是有根据的。现在越来越多的研究表明“积极通勤”(包括步行或骑单车)能够让生活变得更美好,其对于幸福的意义甚至如同婚姻或加薪一样重要。If the ideal commute for most people is a 16-minute strolleach way, how should businesses respond? “Gone are the days of making employees spend unproductivetime traveling to a central location and working to fixed hours that date back to Victorian times,”says Richard Morris, UK CEO at Regus. “Businesses of every size [should be] investigating flexible work options that enable employees to work closer to home and to vary their hours to better suit their circumstances.”如果大多数人理想的通勤时间是每天单程步行16分钟,那么企业对此如何回应呢?“自维多利亚时代以来,员工每天在路上花费一段毫无成果的时间前往中心区域并按照固定时间工作,这样的日子已经一去不复返了,”雷格斯英国首席执行官Richard Morris表示,“各种规模的企业[应该]研究可行的弹性工作制,使员工能够在离家较近的地方工作,并能改变自己的上班时间,以更好地适应的各自不同的生活状况。”If, as the ancient Athenianhistorian Thucydides suggests, “The secret to happiness is freedom”, the opportunity to choose where to work and how to get there could make all the difference to wearycommuters across the world.古希腊历史学家修昔底德说:“幸福的秘诀是自由。”对于世界各地疲惫的通勤者来说,如果能够自己选择工作地点和通勤方式,那将具有非凡的意义。【VOCABULARY】1.drain v.耗尽2.commuter n.通勤者;每日往返上班者3.decompress v.使减压;使解除压力4.strolln.漫步;闲逛5.unproductive adj.非生产性的;徒劳的6.weary adj.疲倦的;厌烦的 7.Athenian adj.雅典的;雅典人的(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 睡眠会如何影响心理健康?

How Does Sleep Affect Mental Health?睡眠会如何影响心理健康?王淑怡 供稿Insomniais a common problem throughout the world. According to estimates, it is believed to affect approximately 33% of the world’s population. Even people without chronicinsomnia often struggle with sleep problems. According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S. CDC), a third of adults in the U.S. report that they get less than 7 hours each night. Because of this, it is important to understand the potential impact that lack of sleep may have on health.失眠是全球普遍存在的问题。据估计,全世界大约有33%的人受到失眠的影响。即使没有慢性失眠的人也经常会出现睡眠问题。美国疾病控制和预防中心的数据显示,美国三分之一的成年人每晚的睡眠时间少于7小时。正因如此,了解睡眠不足对健康的潜在影响至关重要。The Relationship Between Sleep and Mental Health睡眠和心理健康的关系It’s no secret that sleep plays an important role in good physical and mental health. Sleep deprivation can leave you feeling irritable and exhausted in the short-term, but it can also have serious long-term health consequences as well. Lack of sleep is linked to a number of unfavorable health consequences including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and depression.众所周知,睡眠对人们的生理和心理健康起着重要作用。睡眠不足会让人在短期内感到烦躁和疲惫,长期来看,也会对健康产生严重影响。睡眠不足和很多疾病息息相关,包括心脏病、Ⅱ型糖尿病和抑郁症等。Research suggests that the relationship between sleep and mental health is complex. While sleep disorderhas long been known to be a consequence of many psychiatric conditions, more recent views suggest that sleep problems can also worsen mental health problems.研究表明,睡眠和心理健康的关系十分复杂。长期以来,人们认为许多精神疾病会导致睡眠障碍,但最近的观点表明,睡眠问题也会加剧心理健康问题。How to cope with sleep disorders?如何应对睡眠障碍?The recommendations for treating poor sleep or sleep disturbancesare generally the same whether or not you have a psychiatriccondition. Preliminary approaches usually focus on lifestyle changes you can make. Avoiding sleep interrupters (such as caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol) and practicing good sleep habits are examples of lifestyle changes you can make that can help.无论是否患有精神疾病,治疗睡眠不佳或睡眠障碍的方法通常别无二致。可以从改变生活习惯做起,避免睡眠干扰物(如咖啡因、尼古丁和酒精等)和培养良好的睡眠习惯,这些生活方式的改变都有助于挽救你的睡眠。In addition to seeking help from medical professionals, there are also steps that you can take on your own to improve your sleep and well-being. Having good sleep hygiene is good for sleep health. Here are some things you can do:除了寻求专业医疗人士的帮助,还可以自行采取措施来改善睡眠和健康。培养良好的睡眠卫生习惯对睡眠健康大有裨益。这里有几个方法:Limit napping. Too much sleep during the day can have an effect on your ability to fall asleep at night. Naps of 20 to 30 minutes a day can help you feel more alert and rested without interrupting your nightly sleep.午睡时间不宜过长。白天睡眠时间过长会让你晚上难以入眠。每天小睡20到30分钟既能让你得到放松,又能让你更有精神,而且不会影响夜间的睡眠。Establish a nightly routine. Take a bath, read a book, or practice a few minutes of meditation to calm your body. Repeat these routines each night to help set the mood for a solid night’s sleep.养成固定的夜间作息。洗个澡,读本书,或者进行几分钟冥想,让身体平静下来。每天晚上重复这些事情能够帮助你营造安稳入睡的氛围。Avoid caffeine or stimulantstoo close to bedtime. Consuming coffee, soda, or other caffeinated products in the late afternoon or evening can make it difficult to fall asleep.避免晚间摄入咖啡因或其他含兴奋剂的食品。傍晚或夜间摄入咖啡、苏打水或其他含咖啡因的产品会让人难以入睡。Turn off your devices. Watching television or playing on your phone at bedtime can make it more difficult to relax and settle down for sleep. Try putting your phone in a different room and investing in a clock radio for your bedside table.关掉电子设备。睡前看电视或玩手机会让人难以放松下来入睡。试着把手机放到另一个房间,另外买一个带闹钟的收音机放在床头吧!Talk to a mental health professional if you suspect that your sleep problems might be caused by or contributing to a mental health condition. Depression, anxiety, and other psychiatric disorders can interfere with sleep – but addressing your sleep problems may also have a positive impact on your psychological symptoms.如果你怀疑自己的睡眠问题是心理健康疾病导致的,那么请咨询心理健康专家。抑郁、焦虑和其他精神疾病会影响睡眠,但解决睡眠问题也会对你的心理健康状况产生积极影响。【VOCABULARY】1.insomnian.失眠,失眠症2.chronicadj.慢性的,长期的3.diabetes n.糖尿病4.sleep disorder睡眠障碍,失眠5.disturbancen.(身体)不适,心神不安6.psychiatricadj.(与)精神病(有关)的7.stimulant n.兴奋剂(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 可以不用还助学贷款了?

可以不用还助学贷款了?燕山大学刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTIs student-loan forgiveness unforgivable in Congress?Even before taking office, president-elect Joe Biden is already facing a political storm among his ideologically diverse base of supporters over the volatileissue of student-debt forgiveness.Roughly 45 million Americans currently hold $1.6 trillion in student debt, with the average student-loan recipient owing between $20,000 and $25,000, according to the Federal Reserve. Among those actively making payments on their debt, the average monthly installment is between $200 and $300. And with 5.3 million more people unemployed than in February, right before the U.S. fell into a pandemic-induced recession, progressives say that student-debt forgiveness could be a boonfor the economy."Student-debt cancellation feels like one of the most accessible Executive actions to stimulate the economy at the moment," says Suzanne Kahn, director of the Education, Jobs and Worker Power program and the Great Democracy Initiative at the liberal Roosevelt Institute.Kahn and others say the move would also help close the wealth gap between white Americans and people of color. Some 90% of Black students and 72% of Latino students take out loans for college vs. just 66% of white students, according to a 2016 analysis from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.But the more moderate faction of Biden's base argues that sweeping student-loan forgiveness doesn't help the people who need aid most. Americans with college degrees, as a whole, have been less devastated by the economic effects of COVID-19 than their noncollege-educated counterparts. A September report from Pew Research Center found that only 12% of people with college degrees were having trouble paying bills as a result of the pandemic, compared with 34% of Americans with a high school diploma or less.Others raise concerns about precedent: if the government wipes out current student loans, future college students may have an incentive to take on debts, they argue, hoping they will also be forgiven. Colleges may in turn be inclined to raise their prices further.In recent weeks, Biden has walked a fine line on the issue, offering support for a bill from House Democrats calling for $10,000 worth of student-loan forgiveness but stopping short of endorsinganything close to a plan championed by Senators Elizabeth Warren and Chuck Schumer to issue $50,000 per borrower through Executive action.What's clear, according to experts on both sides of the aisle, is that economic crises exacerbatethe problem of student debt. The last time the U.S. dipped into a recession, state governments cut their investments in colleges and universities - which, in turn, raised their tuition prices and forced students to take on ever larger loans.That's not sustainable in the long run. It remains to be seen if Biden can arrive at a political solution that is.VOCABULARY1. volatileadj.(of a situation 情况) likely to change suddenly; easily becoming dangerous 可能急剧波动的;不稳定的;易恶化的。例如:a volatile exchange rate剧烈波动的汇率2. recessionn.a difficult time for the economy of a country, when there is less trade and industrial activity than usual and more people are unemployed 经济衰退;经济萎缩。例如:the impact of the current recession on manufacturing时下经济萎缩对制造业的影响3.boonn. boon (to/for sb.) something that is very helpful and makes life easier for you 非常有用的东西;益处。例如:The new software will prove a boon to Internet users. 这种新软件将会对互联网用户大有益处。4.precedent n. an official action or decision that has happened in the past and that is seen as an example or a rule to be followed in a similar situation later 可援用参考的具体例子;实例;范例。例如:The ruling set a precedent for future libel cases. 这项裁决为今后的诽谤案提供了判例。5.endorsev. to say publicly that you support a person, statement or course of action (公开)赞同,支持,认可。例如:I wholeheartedly endorse his remarks. 我真诚地赞同他的话。6.aislen.a passage between rows of seats in a church, theatre, train, etc., or between rows of shelves in a supermarket (教堂、戏院、火车等座位间或超级市场货架间的)走道,过道。例如:an aisle seat (= in a plane)(飞机上)紧靠过道的座位7.exacerbatev.(formal) to make sth. worse, especially a disease or problem 使恶化;使加剧;使加重。例如:The symptoms may be exacerbated by certain drugs. 这些症状可能会因为某些药物而加重。QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Is student-loan forgiveness unforgivable in Congress?Even before taking office, president-elect Joe Biden is already facing (Q1) ____________________ among his ideologically diverse base of supporters over the volatile issue of student-debt forgiveness.Roughly 45 million Americans currently hold $1.6 trillion in (Q2) _______________, with the average student-loan recipient owing between $20,000 and $25,000, according to the Federal Reserve. Among those actively making payments on their debt, the average monthly installment is between $200 and $300. And with 5.3 million more people unemployed than in February, right before the U.S. fell into a pandemic-induced (Q3) _________________, progressives say that student-debt forgiveness could be a boon for the economy."Student-debt cancellation feels like one of the most accessible Executive actions to stimulate the economy at the moment," says Suzanne Kahn, director of the Education, Jobs and Worker Power program and the Great Democracy Initiative at the liberal Roosevelt Institute.Kahn and others say the move would also help (Q4) ______________________________ between white Americans and people of color. Some 90% of Black students and 72% of Latino students take out loans for college vs. just 66% of white students, according to a 2016 analysis from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.But the more moderate faction of Biden's base argues that sweeping student-loan forgiveness doesn't help the people who (Q5) ____________________. Americans with college degrees, as a whole, have been less devastated by the economic effects of COVID-19 than their noncollege-educated counterparts. A September report from Pew Research Center found that only 12% of people with college degrees were having trouble paying bills as a result of the pandemic, compared with 34% of Americans with (Q6) _________________________ or less.Others raise concerns about precedent: if the government wipes out current student loans, future college students may have an (Q7) ____________________ to take on debts, they argue, hoping they will also be forgiven. Colleges may in turn be inclined to (Q8) ___________________________.In recent weeks, Biden has walked a fine line on the issue, offering support for a bill from House Democrats calling for $10,000 worth of student-loan forgivenessbut stopping short of endorsing anything close to a plan championed by Senators Elizabeth Warren and Chuck Schumer to issue $50,000 per borrower through Executive action.What's clear, according to experts on both sides of the aisle, is that economic crises exacerbate the problem of student debt. The last time the U.S. dipped into a recession, state governments (Q9) _____________________ in colleges and universities - which, in turn, raised their tuition prices and forced students to take on ever larger loans.That's not (Q10) ___________________ in the long run. It remains to be seen if Biden can arrive at a political solution that is.KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Is student-loan forgiveness unforgivable in Congress?Even before taking office, president-elect Joe Biden is already facing (Q1) a political stormamong his ideologically diverse base of supporters over the volatile issue of student-debt forgiveness.Roughly 45 million Americans currently hold $1.6 trillion in (Q2) student debt, with the average student-loan recipient owing between $20,000 and $25,000, according to the Federal Reserve. Among those actively making payments on their debt, the average monthly installment is between $200 and $300. And with 5.3 million more people unemployed than in February, right before the U.S. fell into a pandemic-induced (Q3) recession, progressives say that student-debt forgiveness could be a boon for the economy."Student-debt cancellation feels like one of the most accessible Executive actions to stimulate the economy at the moment," says Suzanne Kahn, director of the Education, Jobs and Worker Power program and the Great Democracy Initiative at the liberal Roosevelt Institute.Kahn and others say the move would also help (Q4)close the wealth gapbetween white Americans and people of color. Some 90% of Black students and 72% of Latino students take out loans for college vs. just 66% of white students, according to a 2016 analysis from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.But the more moderate faction of Biden's base argues that sweeping student-loan forgiveness doesn't help the people who (Q5)need aid most. Americans with college degrees, as a whole, have been less devastated by the economic effects of COVID-19 than their noncollege-educated counterparts. A September report from Pew Research Center found that only 12% of people with college degreeswere having trouble paying bills as a result of the pandemic, compared with 34% of Americans with (Q6) a high school diplomaor less.Others raise concerns about precedent: if the government wipes out current student loans, future college students may have an (Q7) incentiveto take on debts, they argue, hoping they will also be forgiven. Colleges may in turn be inclined to (Q8) raise their prices further.In recent weeks, Biden has walked a fine line on the issue, offering support for a bill from House Democrats calling for $10,000 worth of student-loan forgivenessbut stopping short of endorsing anything close to a plan championed by Senators Elizabeth Warren and Chuck Schumer to issue $50,000 per borrower through Executive action.What's clear, according to experts on both sides of the aisle, is that economic crises exacerbate the problem of student debt. The last time the U.S. dipped into a recession, state governments (Q9)cut their investmentsin colleges and universities - which, in turn, raised their tuition pricesand forced students to take on ever larger loans.That's not (Q10)sustainablein the long run. It remains to be seen if Biden can arrive at a political solution that is.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 美国公司推出只做重活机器人

美国公司推出只做重活机器人燕山大学 刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThe American robotics company Boston Dynamics recently made public a new robot called Stretch. It is designed to do only one job: to move containers, or boxes, in large storage buildings called warehouses.Michael Perry is vice president of business development for Boston Dynamics. He said Stretch is the first robot designed for one job that the company has built. He added that the robot was developed because of requests from companies around the world."We heard pretty much universally across warehousing that truck unloading is one of the most physically difficult and unpleasant jobs. And that's where Stretch comes into play," Perry told Reuters.Stretch has a small base that permits it to move around small spaces in existing warehouses without having to redesign them. The robot also has an arm with highly developed cameras that can identify and deal with boxes of many shapes and sizes.Perry said Stretch can pick up boxes that weigh about 23 kilograms. He adds that the robot can move about 800 boxes in one hour.Boston Dynamicsis known for YouTube videos of its dog-like ‘Spot’and humanoid‘Atlas’robots.Perry said now is a good time for its latest robot to benefit from increasing demand for speedy home delivery.Experts say the warehousing industry experienced strong growth in 2020. That growth is expected to continue this year. They say online buying during the coronavirus health crisis drove the need for a huge expansion in delivery services.Boston Dynamics has not released a price for Stretch. But the company said the system can be set up without costly redesigns or investments in new buildings or structures.I'm Jonathan Evans.VOCABULARY1.warehouse: a building where large quantities of goods are stored, especially before they are sent to shops / stores to be sold 仓库;货栈;货仓2.Boston Dynamics波士顿动力公司3. humanoidn. a machine or creature that looks and behaves like a human 仿真机器人QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. Stretch is designed to do only one job: to move containers, or boxes, in small storage buildings. 2. Michael Perry is president of business development for Boston Dynamics. 3. Stretch was developed because of requests from companies around the world.4. Stretch has an arm with highly developed cameras that can identify and deal with boxes of many shapes and sizes.5. Perry said Stretch can move about 800 boxes in one day.6. Boston Dynamics is known for YouTube videos of its monkey-like ‘Spot’ and humanoid ‘Atlas’ robots.7. Online buying during the coronavirus crisis drove the need for a huge expansion in delivery services.8. Boston Dynamics has released a price for Stretch. KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F) 1. Stretch is designed to do only one job: to move containers, or boxes, in smallstorage buildings.(正确表达)Stretch is designed to do only one job: to move containers, or boxes, in largestorage buildings. (F) 2. Michael Perry is presidentof business development for Boston Dynamics. (正确表达)Michael Perry is vice presidentof business development for Boston Dynamics. (T) 3. Stretch was developed because of requests from companies around the world.(T) 4. Stretch has an arm with highly developed cameras that can identify and deal with boxes of many shapes and sizes.(F) 5. Perry said Stretch can move about 800 boxes in one day.(正确表达)Perry said Stretch can move about 800 boxes in one hour.(F) 6. Boston Dynamics is known for YouTube videos of its monkey-like‘Spot’ and humanoid ‘Atlas’ robots. (正确表达)Boston Dynamics is known for YouTube videos of its dog-like‘Spot’ and humanoid ‘Atlas’ robots.(T) 7. Online buying during the coronavirus crisis drove the need for a huge expansion in delivery services.(F) 8. Boston Dynamics has releaseda price for Stretch.(正确表达)Boston Dynamics has not releaseda price for Stretch. (封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 |史上首个举办夏季和冬季奥运会的城市

历史上首个举办夏季和冬季奥运会的城市燕山大学刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTTo date, how many cities have hosted both the summer and winter Olympic games? Five, three, one, or none. No single city has hosted both seasonal Olympics before but Beijing, China is set to become the first next year.The Chinese capital hosted the Olympic summer games in 2008. It's set to host the 2022 Winter Olympics next February 4th. Looking ahead, the events will return to Paris, France in 2024. Milano Cortina, Italy in 2026, Los Angeles, California in 2028. And the International Olympics Committee just announced yesterday that Brisbane, Australia is the preferred host for the 2032 Summer Olympics. This is a new process for Olympic organizers. They haven't announced the venuefor the 2030 Winter games yet and Brisbane bidto host the 2032 games isn't a done deal. The IOC still has to vote on this to make it final.But because hosting the Olympics takes years to plan for and because of the uncertainty that still surrounds the 2020 games which were delayed by the coronavirus pandemic, the committees trying to devise a stable and predictable way to determine future host cities.VOCABULARY1. venuen. a place where people meet for an organized event, for example a concert, sporting event or conference 聚会地点(如音乐厅、体育比赛场馆、会场)。例如:Please note the change of venue for this event. 请注意此次比赛易地进行。2.bidv.to offer to do work or provide a service for a particular price, in competition with other companies, etc. 投标3.done deal n. 已完成的交易QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1: How many cities have hosted both the summer and winter Olympic games?A. 5.B. 3.C. 1.D. 0.Q2: Which city is the preferred host for the 2032 Summer Olympics? A.Brisbane, Australia.B.Paris, France.C. Milano Cortina, Italy.D.Los Angeles, California.KEYQ1: D.推断题。命题出处:To date, how many cities have hosted both the summer and winter Olympic games? Five, three, one, or none. No single city has hosted both seasonal Olympics before but Beijing, China is set to become the first next year.Q2: A.细节题。命题出处:And the International Olympics Committee just announced yesterday that Brisbane, Australia is the preferred host for the 2032 Summer Olympics.This is a new process for Olympic organizers. They haven't announced the venue for the 2030 Winter games yet and Brisbane bid to host the 2032 games isn't a done deal. The IOC still has to vote on this to make it final.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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