Alan Turing, the computing pioneer who became one of the most influential code breakers of World War II, has been chosen by the Bank of England to be the new face of its 50-pound note.
The central bank announced last year that it wanted to honor someone in the field of science on the next version of the bill. Mr. Turing was chosen from a list of 227,299 nominees that included Charles Babbage, Stephen Hawking, Ada Lovelace and Margaret Thatcher (who worked as a chemical researcher before entering politics).
Mark Carney, governor of the Bank of England, said that “as the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, as well as war hero, Alan Turing’s contributions were far-ranging and path-breaking.” He called Turing “a giant on whose shoulders so many now stand.”
Turing is best known for his work at Bletchley Park, where UK cryptologists sought to decipher messages sent by the Nazis. His efforts to crack Germany's Enigma code remained a secret for decades but are now credited with saving thousands of lives and hastening the end of World War II.
His work also laid the groundwork for the modern computer and artificial intelligence. His famous "Turing Test" is still used as a benchmark for examining whether a machine can be considered to be thinking.
cryptologist: n. 密码学家
decipher: v. 解码、解密
benchmark: n. 基准