马克思故乡发布“0欧元纪念钞”

纪念马克思诞辰200周年。

The hometown of Karl Marx is cashing in on the philosopher's 200th birthday by selling special Marx-branded zero-euro notes.

为纪念德国哲学家卡尔•马克思(Karl Marx)诞辰200周年,他的故乡特里尔发行了世界首张印有马克思头像的“0欧元”纪念钞。


Trier, in the south west of Germany, has launched a wide range of memorabilia to celebrate the anniversary, but the ingenious move to sell money with Marx's face on has caught the most attention.

位于德国西南部的特里尔为了迎接这个日子的到来,已经发行了一系列的纪念品,其中,印有马克思头像的0面值纪念钞,受到了最为广泛的关注。 



Available from Trier's tourist offices across the city, the notes — which look like real euro notes, but are not legal tender — cost €3 to buy.

此次发行的纪念钞在特里尔各个旅游中心有售。这种钞票外观与通常的欧元无异,售价为3欧元/张,但是不能作流通货币使用。


The note, which are authorized by the European Central Bank despite just being souvenirs and labelled so, have proven to be so popular that the first batch of 5,000 quickly sold out, forcing the city to order another 20,000 to cope with demand in the weeks running up to Marx’s birthday.

这次的纪念钞虽然只以纪念品形式出售,但发行获得了欧洲央行的批准,且一经上市就十分抢手:第一批5000枚纪念钞迅速被抢购一空,使得特里尔紧急加印2万枚,以应对诞辰日到来前数周的市场需求。


“The souvenir plays on Marx’s criticism of capitalism and of course the zero-euro note fits perfectly with Marx as a motif,” said Norbert Kaethler, managing director of Trier tourism office.

特里尔旅游局的Norbert Kaethler经理表示,“这次的纪念钞正好契合了马克思对于资本主义的批判,0欧元的面值十分符合马克思主义思想。”



Marx spent the first 17 years of his life living in Trier before going on to predict that socialism will one day overthrow capitalism. Despite being one of the most influential writers and philosophers in history, Marx spent several years of his life living in poverty.

马克思曾经在特里尔度过了人生中前17年的岁月,在那之后,他预言社会主义终将取代资本主义。另一方面,尽管马克思是历史上最有影响力的哲学家和作家之一,他却在贫困中度过了人生的许多年岁。


Trier has also started selling other bits of memorabilia for Marx’s coming anniversary. The city has also temporary changed the green and red traffic lights to images of Marx and a new stature of him will be unveiled on May 5.

为迎接纪念日的到来,特里尔还推出了其他系列的纪念品。整座城市还将暂时将红绿灯换成马克思的肖像画;纪念日当天还会揭幕一座新的马克思雕塑。



Euro at a Glimpse

欧元一瞥


The euro is the official currency of the European Union. Currently 19 of 28 member states use the euro (called the eurozone). It is the second most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar. 

欧元是欧盟的官方货币。目前28个欧盟成员国中有19个国家使用欧元(这些国家被称为欧元区)。欧元是国际外汇市场上换手率第二高的货币,仅次于美元。


The European Central Bank has its seat in Frankfurt, Germany and is in charge of the monetary policy of the euro area. As of 2017, with more than €1.1 trillion in circulation, the euro has the highest combined values of banknotes and coins in circulation in the world.

总部位于德国法兰克福的欧洲央行负责制定欧元区的货币政策。2017年一年,流通中的欧元总量超过1.1万亿,是世界上组合价值最高的货币种类。



The euro is subdivided into 100 cents. The coins are issued in €2, €1, 50c, 20c, 10c, 5c, 2c, and 1c denominations. Notes are issued in €500, €200, €100, €50, €20, €10, €5. Each banknote has its own color and is dedicated to an artistic period of European architecture. The front of the note features windows or gateways while the back has bridges, symbolizing links between countries and with the future.

1欧元等于100欧分。硬币面值有2欧元、1欧元、50欧分、20欧分、10欧分、5欧分、2欧分和1欧分,纸币面值则有500欧元、200欧元、100欧元、50欧元、20欧元、10欧元和5欧元。每种面额的纸钞都有特定的主色,并代表欧洲各时期的建筑风格。钞票的正面印有门和窗,背面则印有桥梁,象征着欧洲各国间联系紧密,也象征着通向未来。



VOCABULARY


memorabilia: n. 值得纪念的事物

motif: n. 主题

denomination: n. 面额


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