外语测试与教学 2017年第一期

    主编:曹德明
    ISSN:2095-1167
    国内统一刊号:CN 31-2047/G4
    国内邮发代号:4-417
    期数:2017年第一期
    标签:外语测试

    内容简介


    提    要


    Investigating the writing proficiency of preservice English as a Second Language teachers: Making use of distinguishing features

    Barley Mak


    Abstract:This research aims to investigate the writing proficiency of Hong Kong pre-service ESL teachers, in particular how their writing proficiency differs as characterized by distinguishing features inherent in such teachers’ writing performances. Over 120 pre-service ESL teachers from various programmes in local universities in Hong Kong were recruited for the study. Results showed that the higher their writing level, the better they performed in a set task as well as in grammatical range and accuracy. The different programmes they enrolled in could affect the number of cohesive devices they tended to use. Mode and years of study had an effect on task achievement and number of cohesive device. Pre-service teachers enrolled in the teacher training programmes on a parttime basis outperformed those enrolled on a fulltime basis. Teachers with more teacher training outperformed newly admitted pre-service teachers. The results of this study could provide empirical evidence for identifying different levels of writing proficiency for Hong Kong pre-service ESL teachers. On this basis, the link between the writing proficiency of pre-service ESL teachers and their assessment of student scripts could be subsequently established in a follow-up study to explore their differences in scoring focuses and strategies when scoring students’ writings. This could further contribute to teacher evaluation, teacher training concerning language proficiency, and the improvement of teachers’ assessment literacy in high-stakes and L2 classroom writing assessment. 

    Key words:teacher training; language assessment; distinguishing features



    评价课程改革与中小学英语教师评价素养发展

    唐雄英


    提要:本研究试图通过测试和课堂评价并重、多动手实践的评价课程改革,探索发展在职中小学英语教师评价素养的途径。研究收集并分析了课程过程中受训教师学习日记、课程反思以及评价行动计划等,结果显示,对当前课程所做的一些改变有利于受训教师对评价知识的理解和吸收,也使课程更受欢迎。

    关键词:评价素养; 语言测试与评价课程; 在职中小学英语教师



    多维度多特征语域分析在语言测试效验中的应用——以多任务写作测试为例

    潘鸣威


    提要:多维度多特征语域分析是基于语言词汇—语法特征以及语义属性等,以因子分析的统计手段对文本语域加以研究的研究方法。该方法通过提取正负因子,可对文本的文体属性加以分类。在写作测试中,出于构念效度的考虑,命题者会利用多个写作任务来诱发足够的书面表达产出,以此更全面地、多层次地测量受试者的写作能力。然而,利用多个写作任务能否诱发不同文体属性的写作文本材料需要加以验证。多维度多特征语域分析则给这类写作测试的效度验证带来了新的视角和方法。本文从多维度多特征语言分析的简介出发,提出将这种方法应用于写作测试效度验证的必要性和可行性,并通过一项实证研究加以举例说明。本文最后提出多维度多特征语域分析方法在其他语言测试效验中的一些设想。

    关键词:多维度多特征语域分析; 多任务写作测试; 测试效度验证




    高考英语听力考试的反拨效应研究

    董连忠


    提要:通过对来自全国16个省(自治区、直辖市)、256所高中的268名大学新生高中英语听力教学调查发现:高考英语听力考试对高中英语听力课的开设、教学内容、教学材料的使用和课外活动的开展均有重要影响;多数学校以做题训练替代听力教学,一些高考英语没有听力考试的学校甚至取消听力训练,或根本不开设听力课。因此,应尽快统一高考英语听力考试要求,改进听力考试题型与教学方法,从而更好地发挥听力考试的积极反拨作用。

    关键词:高考英语; 听力考试; 高中; 英语教学; 反拨效应



    高校阿拉伯语专业四级统测历史回顾与前景展望

    叶良英


    提要:高校阿拉伯语专业四级统测(后称阿语专业四级统测或四级统测)是目前专业内部检测教学质量最有效的途径,具有不可替代性,在促进各校狠抓基本功、规范教学等方面起到了积极作用。本文简要介绍了四级统测的形式、规模和运行机制,讨论了测试的重要性和社会影响。同时,对如何加强测试与《国标》规定的能力要求的契合度,提高测试的正面反拨效应,推动阿语教学不断发展提出了建议。

    关键词:阿语专业四级统测; 考试运行机制; 社会影响; 前景展望